Naval Reactors History Database (nrhdb)
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'Naval Reactors' in subject 1968 in date [X]
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1Title:  Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1967-8 Add
 Summary:  This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing document includes the unclassified testimony of Vice Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion. He testified on two dates, March 7, 1967 and February 8, 1968. The Forward describes the Joint Committee's ongoing advocacy for surface nuclear propulsion, specifically for an increase in the number of guided missile cruisers to serve as escorts for nuclear-powered carriers. (The second nuclear-powered carrier, the USS Nimitz, had been authorized by this date.) Regarding submarines, the Forward notes Department of Defense cuts to nuclear submarine construction and the parallel with earlier Joint Committee leadership on nuclear propulsion: "Because of the inability of the Department of Defense to recognize the importance of nuclear submarines, the Joint Committee had to arrange for the Atomic Energy Commission to buy the propulsion plants for the first two nuclear submarines, Nautilus and Seawolf, in addition to funding the development work and the land prototypes. Similar action may be necessary at this time to insure the aggressive development of improved nuclear attack submarines" (IX). During his 1967 testimony, Rickover describes the current state of the nuclear propulsion program, with "110 nuclear ships in operation, under construction, or authorized" (13). He cites a major point of contention between the Joint Committee and the Executive Branch, a request for two non-nuclear escort vessels in the 1968 shipbuilding program, and much of his testimony focuses on the benefits of nuclear propulsion for major warships, including escorts. Rickover also describes difficulties in working with the two primary vendors used by Naval Reactors, General Electric and Westinghouse. He reports on the refusal of both companies to formally bid on turbine generator equipment for a submarine, arguing that the rigorous oversight by Naval Reactors was a factor in the refusals. Rickover also updates the Joint Committee on the construction of the NR-1 research vessel. In his 1968 testimony, Rickover provides the Joint Committee with an update on propulsion for guided missile cruisers, including a detailed history of the lengthy battles between Congress and the Department of Defense (under Robert McNamara) on nuclear propulsion for surface ships. 
 Date:   1968 
 Subject(s):  Rickover, Hyman G. | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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2Title:  The USS Scorpion deployed, shortly before being lost at sea Add
 Summary:  The USS Scorpion, alongside the USS Tallahatchie County (AVB-2) near Naples, Italy in April 1968. This photo was taken approximately six weeks prior to the loss of the Scorpion. The cause of the sub's loss was never definitively determined. One plausible theory: A torpedo exploded inside the submarine (due to an internal battery malfunction), leading to the loss of the sub. 
 Reference:  Parrish, Thomas. The Submarine: A History. New York: Viking, 2004, pages 498-500. 
 Date:  18 April 1968 
 Subject(s):  S5W | USS Scorpion (SSN-589) | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Image 
 Format:  JPEG 
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