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1Title:  Naval reactor program and Shippingport project Add
 Summary:  This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing record includes lengthy testimony by Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion, on a range of issues, including the Shippingport Atomic Power Station, the first nuclear power plant that supplied commercial power on a large scale. Rep. Melvin Price, chair of the Subcommittee on Research and Development, opens the hearing by praising Rickover and Naval Reactors: "The [Joint Committee] has been very favorably impressed by the excellent contributions the AEC has made to the civilian power program through the naval reactors program" (1). The hearing includes Rickover's update on naval nuclear propulsion. He describes some of the problems with the Seawolf's sodium-cooled reactor plant, and Naval Reactors' reactor development philosophy (with parallel development of thermal energy/pressurized water and intermediate range/sodium-cooled reactor plants). He also describes some of the other challenges faced by the program at its beginning, such as the need to support the development of a Zirconium industry to support naval nuclear propulsion. Regarding training generally and prototype training (which continues today) specifically, Rickover asserts that in the S1W prototype, "we have no better training facility in the Navy than we have there and it is absolutely essential for the future of nuclear power in the Navy that we train the people there, on a real plant, a live one, because we do not want any accidents to happen" [on nuclear-powered vessels in the fleet] (5). During the hearing, Admiral Rickover provides committee members with information on the PWR (Shippingport's pressurized water reactor plant). He notes that Naval Reactors' approach with the Shippingport plant is similar to that used with earlier submarine reactors and propulsion plants: "The Naval Reactors Branch approves the details of the design. We keep in constant touch with what the reactor designers, the machinery designers, the shipbuilders, and the construction contractors are doing" (26). Also, the document includes the testimony of John Simpson, the manager of the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Westinghouse; he provides information on Bettis' support for both submarine plants and the Shippingport plant. In summary, the hearing describes how Naval Reactors supported the design and development of the civilian Shippingport plan and the common threads between Shippingport and the successful submarine reactor program. Clearly, a point of interest for committee members is the cost of design, development, and construction for the Shippingport plant, because of their interest in a successful commercial nuclear power industry in the United States. 
 Source:  http://collections.stanford.edu/atomicenergy/bin/search/advanced/process?clauseMapped%28catKey%29=3163463&sort=title 
 Date:   1957 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Rickover, Hyman G. | Naval Reactors 
 
Matches:  
(199 hits in text)     

...Murray, Commissioner, AEC; A. Tammaro, Assistant General Man- ager for Research and Industrial Development; L. H. Roddis, Jr. , Deputy Director, Division of Reactor Development; Adm. H. G. Rickover, Chief, Naval Reactors Branch; Capt. James...

...M. Dunford, Assistant Chief, Naval Reactors Branch; Bryan LaPlante, special assistant to the General Manager; Capt. John H. Morse, Jr. , assistant to Mr. Strauss; Capt. W. B. Braun, representing Admiral Burke, United States Navy. Staff...

...4 hours. This plant ran for 1,700 hours continuously at full power. Representative PRICE. Which reactor is that ? 6 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Admiral RICKOVER. It is the one at Arco, and is similar to the one that has just been installed in the...

...of Reactor Development; Rear Adm. H. G. Rickover, Chief, Naval Re- actors Branch, and Commander V. A. Lascara, Naval Reactors Branch, John M. Bodley, special assistant to Commissioners Libby and Vance; Bryan F. LaPlaiite, congressional...

...Representatives Carl T. Durham (chairman of the full committee), Chet Holifield, and Melvin Price (presiding). NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 81 Staff members present: James T. Barney, executive director andGeorge E. Brown, Jr. Representatives of...

...of Reactor Development; Rear Adm. II. G. Rickover, Chief, Naval Re- actors Branch and Comdr. V. A. Lascara, Naval Reactors Branch; John M Bodley, Special Assistant to Commissioners Libby and Vance; Bryan F. LaPlante, Congressional Liaison...

...DURHAM. At least you announced it several weeks ago. Mr DAVIS We have had discussions with them. They have not 96 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM made a formal proposal to us yet. We have had a number of discus- sions. They are thinking about a...

...10 Naval reactor program: Applications to civilian reactor program 45 Budgetary...

...considerations 19, 89 Nautilus achievements 2 Organization of Naval Reactors Branch 26, 57 Other naval projects 16, 21, 22 Aircraft carrier 22 Destroyer 16 Guided-missile cruiser 22 Submarines 17, 22 Sea Wolf 9 Training program 4, 32...

...THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON ATOMIC ENERGY CONGRESS OF THE UNlfM RIftHTY-FIFTH ONGRESS CESSION ON PROGRESS REPORT ON NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM AND SHIPPINGPORT PROJECT MARCH 7 AND APRIL 12, 1957 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON :...

...Government. We therefore take great pleasure in commending those who have been responsible for the success of the naval reactors program. Sincerely yours, MELVIN PRICE, Chairman, Subcommittee on Research and Development. HENRY M. JACKSON,...

...AND MR. PRICE : I have asked the staff of the Joint Committee to have your letter to me of June 12, 1957, on the naval reactors program printed with the record of your hearings on the subject. I fully endorse your comments and observations,...

...for the purpose of hearing from the Atomic Energy Commission as to the current status of the projects under the Naval Reactors Branch and what progress we may expect in the future. It is my understanding that Admiral Rickover is prepared to...

...the life of the core we cheapen it; even though it may cost the same it cheapens it in that proportion. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 3 Representative PRICE. Would you mind comparing that perform- ance with the performance of a conventional...

...and keep on operating because we can get very valuable tactical information today from any nuclear- 03263—57- 10 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM powered ship. We are not planning to have any more sodium-cooled ships in the Navy at the present time....

...glamor of atomic energy, and I think as soon as possible we have got to get down to do it like any other business. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 15 Representative VAN ZANDT. Can we talk about some dollars and cents here ? Admiral RICKOVER. Yes. May...

...I have mentioned the fact that we are getting industry into our pro- gram, and I should like to elaborate on that. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 17 Representative VAN ZANDT. The Congress appropriates, do they not, to the Navy and its shipbuilding...

...Energy Commission could not possibly fare as well as they have, nor could the naval program have fared as well. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 19 Representative COLE. Was it because the Navy did not want ships ? Admiral RICKOVER. Not ships. I am...

...to reactors, research and development, and that whole area. If you could submit that to us at our request ? NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 21 Admiral RICKOVER. I can give you a rough round figure. I could use $20 million. I could use in this fiscal...

...hull type submarine. This is a cutaway of the pressure vessel and the core. The core is down here, and this is the NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 23 control-drive mechanism. You can get an idea of what the pressure vessel head looks like. This is a...

...has been a lot of criticism of the Commission for not putting out more information. So recently we declassified all naval reactor technology, but not the designs. I would like to make a distinction between technology and design. I must make...

...DURHAM. Have you declassified the separation ol hafnium from zirconium? Admiral RICKOVER. Yes, sir. 93263—57- 26 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Representative DURHAM. When did you do that? Admiral RICKOVER. I think in the last 2 or 3 months. We will...

...they will do it. Representative PRICE. They have not done it yet ? Admiral RICKOVER. As far as I know, not. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 31 Eepresentative PRICE. Of course not with the new reactor, but with any similar type reactor have they done...

...something wrong. We give immediate attention to these problems. Eepresentative VAN ZANDT. You write no letters ? 32 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Admiral RICKOVER. We do write letters especially on technical matters, but a great deal of our work,...

...with different offices. Mr. Flaherty at Ar- gonne has authority to make contracts for $5 million. 93263—57 6 34 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Admiral RICKOVER. I would like again to state Admiral Hollo- way—our Chief of Naval Personnel—has done an...

...2. Nuclear reactor cores. 3. Components for pressurized water reactors. 4. Components for sodium reactors. 6. Nuclear instrumentation. I. NEW TECHNIQUES AND BASIC INFORMATION 1. Naval reactor technology handbook series Interim and...

...internal technical documents in the naval reactors program may not always be helpful to a person in a civilian reactor program because—(a) Such documents often contain information which is fragmentary, unevalu- ated, or even data which...

...the feasibility would be of a 200,000-kilowatt Admiral RICKOVER. He said "feasibility" though. Be careful. 66 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Chairman DURHAM. I am trying to get to the point where we can sell some of these. Kepresentatiy/e HOLIFIELD....

...do you get for plutonium? What do you charge for fuel ? This came up when I was in England. They said they were NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 69 putting out very cheap power with the Calder Hall reactor. I said, Your plant cost so much to build. It...

...do the research work, because it is a different reactor, but we have got the plant there. We just put a new core in. 70 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Representative PRICE. What do you think the difference would be? Admiral KICKOVER. At the time, we...

...and NRX reactor at Chalf Representative PRICE. What part has Bettis played in the develop- ment of zirconium ? 74 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Dr. LUSTMAN. Bettis developed the alloys which are presently being used and developed the fabrication...

...Idaho in actual "rubbing shoulders" work with radioactivity. He was in charge of the technical operation of the naval reactor facility there. He has known radioactive contamina- tion firsthand and also the maintenance problems. He heads up...

...to that extent, but they are building reactors or getting to it. They haven't built them as big as the PWR. 82 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Chairman DURHAM. I am talking about something of the size of the PWR. Mr. FIELDS. I think it is a very...

...man. I think it would hurt this country not to do it. Chairman DURHAM. Does that include all metallurgy also ? NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 83 Admiral KICKOVEK. It is all-inclusive for the PWR, Mr. Durham. It includes the technology, the physics,...

...question if you will permit me to do so. What we have done is to establish an industry to make parts both for the naval reactor program and the PWR. Can I answer it that way be- cause I think it will bring it out better? When we strted out,...

...a pound instead of $13.20 and the other contracts were even lower. Mr. FIELDS. How lone- a term contract ? NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 85 Admiral RICKOVER. These are 5-year contracts. These contracts are to the great advantage of the Government...

...Government- owned facilities). Chairman DURHAM. You mentioned a price of $13. Mr. GEIGER. I can give you the price. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 87 Chairman DURHAM. How long does that contract run at $13 ? Mr - ^ EIGJ? - That original Carborundum...

...on the submarines and the work that they are doing on the PWR. Are you doing work on both of those proj ects ? 88 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Admiral RICKOVER. Yes. Representative HOLIFIELD. You gave us some figures once before on the number of...

...from the AEC to continue the program on a research basis regardless of how many submarine re- actors you build. 90 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Admiral RICKOVER. Yes. If the Congress wants us to have im- proved reactors and wants us to learn, we...

...operating toward the end of this year or the early part of next year. That core may last 3 or 4 years. In the NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 91 meantime we are designing another core. You might say, "Why Tto^ hhJfth^ ^ lld ano,ther.PTR reactor ?" I...

...down ? . - _,_- . . , Q,Admiral RICKOVER. She is out operating right this minute, bhe will be at sea for about a month. 94 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Mr. RAMEY. On the gas-cooled reactors, why can't we rely on the British for this information ?...

...These other installations are not doing military projects at the same time. Mr. RAMEY. Argonne started off on the naval reactor program as well as civilian reactors. Mr. DAVIS. Oak Ridge is an installation where we have got one mam civilian...

...organization, Mr. Geiger and his organization, and the Westinghouse people for this fine presentation. I don't see any NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 99 of the Westinghouse people here so I hope someone will convey our appreciation to them for this...

...on Atomic Energy, Washington, D. C. DEAR MR. DURHAM: We would like to thank you for publishing the hearings on naval reactors development held on March 7 and April 12,1957, by the Research and Development and Military Appli- cations...

...which we are the chairmen, and ask if you would print this letter as a preamble to the record. The efforts of the Naval Reactors Branch of the AEC together with its field offices and contractors have given our Nation world leadership in the...

...vessels capable of firing long-range missiles will ulti- mately decide the balance of world power and the maintenance of the peace. The Naval Reactors Branch has also played a leading role in the development of civilian atomic power....

...many times greater than the Government's investment. In our hearings we determined that the Naval Reactors Branch is enjoying the full support and cooperation of the Atomic Energy Commission, and the observations we make below should not be...

...We consider the remaining suggestions refinements of existing practices. We feel confident that our colleagues on the Joint Committee join us in expressing every confidence in the Naval Reactors Branch under the direction of Rear Adm. H. G....

...Rickover, United States Navy. In connection with our review of the role and activities of the Naval Reactors Branch, we believe the following observations are appro- priate : 1. The wisdom of continuance of the placing of central direction...

...in keeping with the purposes t>f the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 and 1954. The present organizational arrangement for naval reactors work has proved economical, efficient, flexible, and capable of doing the job, and should be maintained. Any...

...should be rejected in the interests of economy of manpower and appropriated money. The system employed by the Naval Reactors Branch in the selection, training, and assignment of personnel should also be continued. Offi- cers and civilians...

...who can best perform the job ? 3. The research and development philosophies which have been em- ployed by the Naval Reactors Branch should be maintained. We observed that this approach is neither attached to "beyond the hori- zons" concepts...

...accomplishment is not possible. 4. The Atomic Energy Commission should consider the immediate assignment to the Naval Reactors Branch of the development and construction of a new civilian reactor concept. With the prospective completion of...

...received from the Chief of Naval Operations that Admiral Rickover has direct access to him in connection with the naval reactors effort. We feel sure that in light of the importance of this work that this same access is available to him in...

...Dr. Benjamin, manager, metallurgy department, West- inghouse Electric Corp 70 Rickover, Adm. H. G. , Chief, Naval Reactors Branch, Atomic Energy Commission 2, 38, 81 Simpson, John, manager, Bettis plant, Westinghouse Electric Corp.. 38...

...Squire, Alexander, manager, submarine fleet reactor, Westinghouse Electric Corp 74 Additional information supplied for the record: Declassification and dissemination of information developed in the naval reactors and PWR programs...

...94 Developments in the naval reactors and PWR programs which are applicable to other civilian programs 45 How an idea...

...develops (chart) 78 Phases of reactor development project (chart) 60 vn PROGRESS REPORT ON NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM AND SHIPPINGPORT PROJECT THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1957 CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND...

...favorably impressed by the excellent contributions the AEC has made to the civilian power program through the naval reactors program. As Congressman Dur- ham, the chairman of the Joint Committee, has publicly stated in the 202 hearings, the...

...models which you have brought with you and which we see in the room, it would appear that you intend 93263—57 2 1 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM to cover a great deal of material. We will, therefore, turn the meet- ing over to you, Admiral Rickover,...

...and you may proceed when ready. STATEMENT OF /LDM. H. G. RICKOVER, CHIEF, NAVAL REACTORS BRANCH, ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION Admiral RICKOVER. Thank you, sir. This is the first time I have been at the committee since Carl Hinshaw died, and as...

...60 officers and about 500 enlisted men on the submarine prototype at Arco. Just before I came up here today, 4 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM I heard that we are losing 6 percent per year of all the enlisted men in the nuclear program because they...

...in everything that pertains to safety. Even the commanding officers work 16 hours a day, 7 days a week at Arco. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 5 I will say no more on training, except I must add that the facility at Arco is most valuable from this...

...tight and never leak there will be trouble. We managed finally to fix the heat exchangers on the Sea Wolf. 8 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM We cut out some of the heat exchanger capacity which reduced the power about 10 percent. We also cut the...

...along well and the expense to build it would be too great, it was changed to a naval submarine project and we in the Naval Reactors Branch took it over. No one knew at that time which would work better, and since atomic power was extremely...

...Congress and we have to meet a date, and NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 11 ships have to work. That is a difficulty I labor under. That is demonstrated by all of these models. Everything you see here either has been built or is being built. They are...

...into our prospective program we decided that by late 1958 we would have to have enough additional zirconium 12 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM sponge-making facilities for 2 million pounds of sponge a year. An arrangement was worked out between the...

...NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM ' 13 It might interest you to know that in every one of these cases the companies put up their own money for their plants. We did not finance their plants; we did not recommend that they get a certificate of necessity....

...by having them make small pieces. Be- fore we assign them contracts for large items we assure ourselves that 14 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM they are capable of doing it. I do not have much concern about this at all. Representative JIOLIFIELD. Do...

...tioned before, the Navy expects to ask for one of these each year, starting with the 1958 shipbuilding program. 16 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Another surface nuclear powered ship is the cruiser. This is the one which Secretary of the Navy Thomas...

...Representative PRICE. Are you on a competitive-bid basis now on the allocation of submarine contracts ? 03263—57 4 18 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Admiral HICKOVER. Yes, sir. The last 4 nuclear-powered subma- rines were awarded, 1 to Electric...

...shipbuilding funds on just a few ships, but he has many world commitments to meet, so what else can he do ? 20 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Representative PRICE. On your shipbuilding reactor program, are you just working on 1 type of reactor for...

...the complete control for the propulsion plant of the submarine. This is where the operator controls the tur- 22 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM bines, and this is where he controls the reactor, and this is where he controls the electrical plant. This...

...is now available to the public. We just started putting out all of the PWR reports on an unclassified basis. In naval reactors program all of the technology, all of the scientific and engi- neering information that anyone in this country...

...obtained. But we do not give away actual dimensions and design details except to those who need to know them. 24 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM There were two good reasons for doing it. One, as I see it, the Gov- ernment is directly and indirectly...

...Commission and they will not be accused so much of not handing out information. We have done another thing in the naval reactors program to make information public. We have put out a series of manuals on our program over the past few years....

...I do not think we could have gotten lower prices on zirconium if we had not made this information widespread. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 25 Mind you, these books contain technology. We are not putting out actual design information on the...

...about hafnium, anyway. One other thing I believe I should tell you is how we run our projects. We operate the Naval reactors program in somewhat of a different way than other programs are operated. There are two theories for running reactor...

...ship will sink. So our philosophy has been from the beginning, and we have used it on the PWR also, that the Naval Reactors Branch approves the details of the design. We keep in constant touch with what the reactor designers, the machinery...

...Admiral RICKOVER. Yes, sir. My primary duty is on assignment to the Atomic Energy Commission. I am Chief of the Naval Reactors Branch of the Atomic Energy Commission. So I act for them with the AEC laboratories and other activities. I have...

...is one group of people working for both a civilian agency and a military agency. It is sometimes a little diffi- NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 27 cult, but it works, and it works particularly because the AEC people have sure stood for a lot from...

...Commis- sion facilities for this purpose. I strongly urge that, wherever we can, regardless if the core is for a naval reactor, as long as the AEC has the people and facilities for doing so we should use them, and not set up additional,...

...latest cost estimate as of today is about $42 million for research and development and $55 million for construction NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 29 of the nuclear portion of the plant. Of this $55 million, $5 million was given to the Government by...

...as much as they are capable of—to fulfill themselves. You have got to train people if you want to keep them. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 33 Representative DURHAM. You have regular Navy personnel work- ing for you, do you not ? Admiral RICKOVER....

...I thought there were too many people just crying and wringing their hands and waiting for somebody to come along NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 35 and help them. In many cases they themselves can do much. Any- one responsible for a reactor project...

...that Admiral Rickover will intro- duce this morning's speakers. Will you proceed, Admiral Rickover? 37 38 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM STATEMENT OF ADM. H. G. RICKOVER, CHIEF, NAVAI REACTORS BRANCH, ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION Admiral RICKOVER. First...

...we do the engineering job on reactor powerplants, but in addition to that we do the necessary research and development that is essential for the engineering of those reactors. The reactors that we NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 39 have been working...

...on in conjunction with the Naval Reactors Branch and the Pittsburgh area office of the Atomic Energy Commission for the latest submarines and the surface vessels have all been pressurized water reactors, but they are far different from the...

...periods of time. This information is verified from data we get from such reactors as those at Idaho, from the naval reactor facility, from the Nautilus, and which we expect to get from the Shippingport reactor. But in order to calculate...

...a lot of work is done and a lot of work is needed is in the area of heat transfer and fluid flow. I think many NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 4J people had believed that water being such a common substance surely almost everything was known about...

...mechanism, the instrumentation, the pumps, the valves, the heat exchangers—they must all work. This 93263—57- 42 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM means that in order to get the maximum amount of information out of a plant like Shippingport you must...

...that I don't think there was a single item in the entire pro- pulsion plant that didn't have to be developed. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 43 Chairman DURHAM. I asked the question because I don't think people at large realize that fully. They...

...What I am getting at, Admiral, is this. The members of this committee are often faced with a question from an 44 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM individual who says, "They tell us the Nautilus is obsolete so what do we have after this investment of...

...at Bettis in the development of new alloys and new materials ? Mr. SIMPSON. Yes sir. Admiral RICKOVER. If that is satisfactory, sir, I would like to submit that list. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 45 Representative PRICE. We would like to have it...

...very much. (The information referred to follows:) DEVELOPMENTS IN THE NAVAL REACTORS AND PWR PROGRAMS WHICH ARE APPLICABLE TO OTHER CIVILIAN...

...PROGRAMS This report summarizes some of the developments in the naval reactors and PWR programs which may prove useful to others. However, the major con- tributions are broader than can be indicated by a list of items. For example working...

...basic- information, materials, and equipment development. CONTENTS I. New techniques and basic information: 1. Naval reactor handbook series. 2. Basic heat transfer research. 3. Reactor physics techniques. 4. Reactor design. 5. Pressurized...

...entitled to receive military information. To reconcile these facts against the real need of civilian reactor groups to obtain information developed in the naval reactors program, a series of reactor technology handbooks is being prepared....

...Virtually all of the information devel- oped in the naval reactors program which is applicable to civilian reactors is being published in this manner. By editing and by recalculation of sample prob- lems, military information can be avoided...

...is published rather than possibly conflicting or confusing data. The meaning of the data is also discussed. 46 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM The following handbooks have been published to date: Liquid Metals Handbook 1st edition, June 1950; 2d...

...Bibliography of Reactor Computer Codes- Dec. 1955 Reactor Shielding Design Manual Mar. 1956. Corrosion and Wear Handbook for Water-Cooled Reactors June 1957. Currently in preparation: Naval Reactor Physics Design Manual Heat Transfer and...

...Basic heat transfer research For both sodium and water it was found at the beginning of the naval reactors program that basic data on physical properties, heat transfer rates, and pressure drops were not known with sufficient accuracy over...

...Therefore, for several years basic experimental and theoretical work on heat transfer has been underway in the naval reactors program. The sodium work has been reported in the Liquid Metals Handbooks, and several new analytical methods, for...

...being done both with electrically heated test sections and with specially instrumented fuel assemblies in the Naval Reactor Facility in Idaho. The variables affecting heat transfer in the reactor are now being added to the reactor physics...

...re- actor designers. An example is the poisoning effect of xenon, a particularly troublesome fission product. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 47 (d) Epithermal reactor*. —The physics of reactors operating with neutrons of intermediate energy was...

...used by other civilian reactor programs. (/) Large-scale digital computers. —Most of the computation methods devel- oped for naval reactors and the computer codes for implementing them are sufficiently general to be used in civilian reactor...

...programs. A book of these computer codes was published by the Naval Reactors Branch and is being kept current by a nuclear codes group set up for the purpose by members of the American Nuclear Society. Arrangements have been made with...

...The following are some particular developments in the naval reactor design field which are of possible application to civilian reactors : (a) Use of airflow techniques for establishing the flow distribution through the core and hydraulic...

...control and power equipment out- side, without violating the all-welded high pressure boundary. The particular 48 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM components to accomplish these various jobs are discussed in section III. Below are listed some of the...

...tion to civilian reactors. This information is reported in the Wear and Cor- rosion Handbook published by the Naval Reactors Branch, June 1957. (a) The adaptation/of a bypass purification system using ion exchange resin for control of water...

...and safety The problems of controlling a nuclear propulsion plant were largely unex- plored when the first naval reactor designs were begun. Fast-acting reliable automatic control equipment was developed. The safety problems associated with...

...material for pressurized water reactors because of its favorable nuclear properties and corrosion resistance. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 49 In 1948 only a few thousand pounds of crude zirconium were produced in the United States. In that year...

...alloy is cheaper than hafnium and may find use in commercial nuclear reactors. 4. Nuclear fuel materials The naval reactors and PWR programs have worked on the development of uranium zirconium, and uranium oxide fuel materials :(a) Uranium-...

...determine operating < The data on this program are reported in the Wear and Corrosion Handbook published by the Naval Reactors Branch, AEC, June 1957. 6. Stainless steel for reactor systems A program was carried out to develop conditions...

...of radiation and of chemical com- position of the water, and other pertinent data were developed. The use of 50 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM stainless steel for this purpose has now been demonstrated and the information is being used by other...

...half ago the AEC's Bettis plant was the only organization equipped to build reactor cores for pressurized water naval reactor plants. Steps were taken to acquaint industry with the requirements for fabri- cating these reactor cores in order...

...companies which are acquiring the necessary facilities, trained personnel, and capability to manufacture complete naval reactor cores. Fixed-price competitive contracts have already been let for five submarine cores, and competitive fixed-...

...a somewhat similar path was followed. Starting with the procurement of equipment for the Nautilus prototype, the naval reactors program has worked toward the development of more than one source of supply for components of nuclear propulsion...

...benefit from these actions. 2. Nuclear reactor cores The following list includes some of the items developed in the naval reactors program in the field of reactor-core fabrication which appear to have application to civilian reactors: ( a)...

...techniques for zircaloy-clad fuel plates. This inehides cladding by roll-bonding and edge flanging techniques. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 51 (g) Methods for joining fuel plates into fuel assemblies maintaining accurate spacing of the plates....

...as recirculation pumps in high-pressure commercial boilers, and may also find use in the chemical industry. The naval reactors laboratories are working with manufacturers of boilers and heat exchangers to stimulate development of designs...

...are being used by civilian reactor projects. 5. Nuclear instrumentation Nuclear instrumentation, when the naval reactor designs were begun, was delicate, complex, and handmade. Rugged, stable, wide range, interchangeable, and maintainable...

...you want in a pressurized water plant. Sodium, for example, in noncorrosive as far as stainless steel is con- 52 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM cerned. Water is corrosive, so that in this respect sodium has an advantage. Sodium, if it touches air,...

...we went critical—that is, in the Nautilus—the new core went critical exactly in the way we had calculated. We have NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 53 to because our ships, particularly our submarines, have a limited weight and space. If we don't meet...

...of thousandths of an inch may make a lot of difference .in the control and the way the whole thing works. Gen- 54 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM erally in engineering you have gross effects. Take a valve. Let's say that it is good for 100 gallons of...

...did you plan to tell us some- thing about the size of the laboratory and the size of your organi- zation ? NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 55 Mr SIMPSON. Yes, sir, after the various gentlemen have talked I will describe a typical reactor project....

...Each naval reactor project here has a specific end in view. _ It is intended to be installed in a definite ship at some definite time in the future. Because of the fact that the building time for a ship and the building time for a reactor...

...is very sharply defined for him^and there is a very high premium on the success with which he does it. 56 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Much is committed, in other words, before he reaches the point of committing his material to the manufacturing...

...the Navy, and Bettis. All major technical de- cisions are based on essential agreement. If there is a strong dissent NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 57 on the part of any one of these parties, the only way we feel it is possible to resolve it is by...

...in somewhat the same way in most cases—being referred back to our principal technical source of direction, the Naval Reactors Branch. We have here at the site a joint AEG/Navy administrative and small technical group. This small group is...

...Probably this question should go to Admiral Rickover. Could you explain very briefly what the composition of the Naval Reactors Branch in Washington is? I know you are the head of it, but how many people do you have? How many Navy people?...

...duty is in the Commission and I work for Mr. Davis, who is the Director of Reactor Development. I head up the Naval Reactors Branch. Our system of operation is quite different than any other branch there. We are not just building reactors....

...never been one time in this game that we have ordered anyone to do anything. Of course, ultimately you get to 58 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM questions where policy decisions are involved and then I make the final decision. That is where you do...

...thing or another. Ulti- mately, somebody in life has to make those decisions. We have about 90 people in the Naval Reactors Branch. Most of them are very young. Several years ago when I started to hire people for our organization I found...

...of the board interviews them separately. Then I interview them. There is not a single person who comes into the Naval Reactors Branch, except secretaries, who do not have to go through this pro- cedure. Our rate of acceptance even of these...

...be worked out in the preparation of the drawings—the release of these drawings for procurement of components. 60 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM < i- tr U. UJ o o en LUy s tn h- > cc x < Q_ DL LU Q p <t 2 2 o a a > < u O LU CO If) LvJ 2O...

...and size and some details of design, we actually begin to study in considerable detail what this reactor will 62 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM actually perform at. It may be at this particular stage of the game we can uncover a bug. If so, we are...

...a hardheaded businessman. Representative PRICE. Doesn't this apply only to the first of any type of reactor ? NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 63 ^ r; IS*81*- y1"* I wanted to emphasize, Mr. Durham, is that this is the way to carry out the development...

...they have got acres of space, they can go along and do anything. They are not pushed. When they try it out, 64 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM and if it doesn't work, they say, "We will do this and we will do that." But when you force scientists and...

...in the reactor. Perhaps we can increase the size of the pressure vessel by learning how to get down to lower NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 65 pressures. There are a lot of other things. But basically the thing Mr. Holiheld was asking about is the...

...You don't have the many variables in the auto- mobile engine or the aircraft engine that you have here. It is not NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 67 inherent in the thing. You never had it even back during the days of the Wngto Bros. This is the most...

...hundred million dollars and it doesn t take many, many years to do it. So you have all of these imponderable 68 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM things that weigh on you here. We do not yet know why we are doing certain things in design. We were quite...

...because this time period is much too short. Decisions have to be made and concurred with between Bettis per- 72 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM sonnel and Naval Keactors Branch technical personnel to permit the job to go on within the required...

...Which would you classify as your greater problem at the present time: control of radiation or the heat problem ? NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 73 Dr. LUSTMAN. From the point of view of materials, I think the most serious problem is the effect of...

...Simpson mentioned the basic concept of maximum reliability of components. For a reactor plant, particularly for a naval reactor plant such as the SFR, we are continually mindful of the consequences of failure of even the smallest component...

...later submarine powerplants. We think that would be wrong because we feel we can only develop knowledge by taking a fresh look at these plants and doing everything we can to develop new NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 75 concepts. When a desire for...

...additional submarine nuclear power- plants was expressed, we got together with the naval reactors people and the Pittsburgh area office people and we attempted to set ourselves objectives to be gamed. Objectives that we had not met in the...

...strictly about water-cooled plants and attempting to improve on that foundation. Our activities have been restricted to the water-cooled plants so far. So we got together with the technical people from the Naval Reactors Branch and with...

...generator of this type to perform in ac- cordance with our operational requirements had not been built before. The Naval Reactors Branch people and we, jointly, went to the manufacturers of components of this type and discussed with them...

...for these plants to get up a head ot steam and get out of a given port or a given location on very short notice. 76 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM In order to minimize the problems associated with rapid heatup and in order to minimize the thermal...

...There has been a major effort put on this by all of the manufacturers of steam generators in this business. The Naval Reactors Branch have been working with the boiler manufacturers. I just want to leave this thought with you before I...

...the more common materials and actually these problems seem to hold us up just as much as such things as uranium. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 77 Mr. SIMPSOX. We have now covered the physics, the metallurgy as applied to cores, the materials as...

...development group. The work of the advanced development group is primarily con- cerned with applications for naval reactors. However, the concepts which are considered worthy of consideration would apply to all types of reactors. This point...

...the use of any idea, your attention is invited to this chart, This chart indicates how an idea is developed. 78 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM N CL UJ H- cn I- z H W O 2 LU CL -3 O O _l OL. UJ Q- > CO CL O _l LU > LU O Ld Q O X — Q. 2 O UJ WQL > H...

...from other laboratories in the case of plants which are different types than we are building here. The second one of our great sources for information is the naval reactor facility at Idaho. The third is various reports. The fourth that...

...I have indicated are experiments at Bettis and the fifth is expe- rience on the Nautilus. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 79 In order to illustrate a typical example of where information is of great value, I would like to take the field of thermal...

...which we can apply to designs which we are making on water-cooled reactors. The data that we obtain from the naval reactor facility is also important. In fact, it is the only power reactor that we have avail- able to obtain information on...

...affected by things in the engine room which are quite remote from the actual reactor which we are design- 80 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM ing. Radiation studies are made in various plants and are compared based upon irradiation to the crew in this...

...FIELDS, GENERAL MANAGER; W. KENNETH DAVIS, DIRECTOR, DIVISION OF REACTOR DEVELOP- MENT, AND ADM. H. G. RICKOVER, CHIEF, NAVAL REACTORS BRANCH, ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION Mr. FIELDS. I didn't have any presentation to make from our side on this...

...PRICE. How much of the physical part of the reactor is manufactured outside of your own installation ? 84 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Admiral RICKOVER. About the only thing we have made here is the core. That is our policy. Make the first core of...

...its share of the zirconium production over a 5-year period. I think the AEC has about $1.6 million in cancella- 86 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM tion charges for its share. During the 5-year period, if the contracts are canceled, say, at the end of...

...have learned on the PWR we are incorporating in the large ship reactor project. A great deal that we learned in naval reactors we have incorporated in the PWR. So even though we may spend 25 percent of our effort on it, on the other hand if...

...We are starting a second core for the PWR. We have taken some of the developmental people, both here and in the Naval Reactors Branch, off the PWR and we are putting them on the other work because we no longer need as many on the new PWR...

...things together and keep in mind that the things that bring down the cost in reactors are these two different 92 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM aspects. You have got to be able to do both of them. To do one of them alone is never going to make the...

...them ? Admiral RICKOVER. I will put it this way. The people who are in this game, both in my organization in Washington and here, are not in it because of naval reactors alone. They are in this game in order to develop atomic energy in the...

...hired and trained more people. But all of the technology you learn on one type of reactor will add to another. NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 93 As I mentioned this morning, we are not starting off with novices. We are starting off with people who...

...committee. (The information referred to follows:) DECLASSIFICATION AND DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION DEVELOPED IN THE NAVAL REACTORS AND PWR PROGRAMS As of February 23, 1957, the following policy was established in the naval re- actors and...

...PWR programs:(a) All information on the PWR plant at Shippingport is unclassified. (&) All reactor technology developed on naval reactors is unclassified. (...

...c) All naval reactor design information is classified "confidential," "restricted data," or "defense information," as appropriate. As a result of a document review...

...Bettis plant, the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, and the Combustion Engineering Laboratory, over 5,000 classified naval reactor documents have been released for review and possible application to the AEC civilian application pro- gram. The...

...metallurgy, reactor plant components, and reactor con- trol. To supplement this continuing document review, naval reactor laboratories will issue quarterly unclassified reports on the latest developments in reactor technology in these...

...be a recommendation, I suppose, to the Commission if we got to that point. I haven't seen anything the last year that I have NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 95 been around here to indicate that the people here are without work and don t have a lot...

...into this picture. We are in the process of establishing heat-exchanger manufacturers, valve manufacturers, 98 NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM pressure-vessel manufacturers—all on a competitive basis. Although they started with a naval project, these...

...Electric, Babcock & Wilcox, and Metals & Control Corp. , at Attleboro, Mass. , all engaged in building naval reactor cores. As these people get experience they will be available to make cores for anybody. We will soon have more than...

...out for pressure vessels, heavy forgiugs, castings, and plates. 4. Components for sodium reactors When the naval sodium reactor work began, a similar equipment problem existed for sodium as for pressurized water, but with the factor of high...

...keep it running in order to find out what you need from the core. In building a reactor for a naval vessel we are not building experi- mental reactors. We are building reactors that must power the fight- ing vessels of the Navy. These...

...A handbook on heat transfer and fluid flow for pressurized water reactors is now in preparation. •'. Reactor physics The naval requirement for a compact reactor of high performance necessitates that heat generation rates be calculated at...

...waterflow, and neutron flux at many locations inside a reactor core. This will permit more accurate study of how a. reactor operates. Cores for the pressurized water reactor and for naval prototypes will all have such instrumentation....

...flow from this. As far as I know we have given this every help that it needs as well as encouragement. We are very strongly of the belief that there is a great future for this kind of a reactor both for naval use and for civilian power use....

...of the entire production. But, as I said, the new companies are installing capacity to meet the naval requirements, and also other reactor requirements, as well as various commercial uses. But we are paying for our re- quirements. The other...

...forgings for many years. This brings us to another basic point in component design and construction. In naval powerplants or in any reactor plant for that matter, one of our requirements is that we be able to heat up and cool down these...

...Navy is helping to bring atomic power to our country because whatever we develop or learn in the naval program is of use in civilian reactors. Representative PRICE. Do you think your group is in pretty good shape to take on an assignment...

...project 60 Plans for the future 29, 88, 90, 92 Declassification and dissemination of information 82, 94 Gas-cooled reactor: Advantages of gas-cooled reactor 93 Comparison with British development 94, 96 Possible use in naval vessels...

...Fluid Flow Manual Reactor Core Design Manual Reactor Plant Piping Handbook Radiological Aspects of Naval Nuclear Propulsion Plants Hafnium Handbook Irradiation Testing and Hot Lab Techniques Nuclear Fuel Elements 2....

...develop a par- ticular concept of reactor. Here the work you are doing in the pres- surized water reactors will be used very widely in the naval field, but it will also be extremely useful in a civilian power field. You have the general key...

...power for gas than for water. You have to make many calculations and this is particularly true for a naval vessel. For a land reactor of the C alder Hall type I would design the pres- sure vessel as large as it could be made. I would have...

...We have world naval leadership in atomic power and will soon have the civilian reactor at Shippingport, Pa. Unquestionably, the dollar value of these developments to American industry is...

...These companies are building more capacity than is needed for the naval plants, so there should be zirconium avail- able for civilian reactor plants....

...MANAGER, ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION Commander LANEY. In my remarks, Mr. Chairman and gentle- men, I will attempt to point out some of the naval characteristics of a ship which influence the problem of the reactor, the reactor plant and cycle....

...type of plant should be tried out ashore and on other types of ships before it is tried in a naval vessel. The Maritime Commission and the Reactor Development Division are having studies made at the present time of gas-cooled reactors for...

...wouldn't be a serious problem if we were to confront this group with undertaking such a reactor as tojust how much impact it would have on the naval program. I think there are two sides to this question, and I haven't seen any evidence that...

...contracts, in addition to putting in enough facilities for carrying out the naval program, are also putting in capacity to take care of anticipated civilian reactor needs. We paid $300 a pound for sponge when we started out in 1948. It was...

...their knowledge of naval requirements set ourselves a number of objectives for submarine plants—the submarine fleet reactor plants which I am using only for illustration purposes. As we attempted to develop our ideas we constructed models...

...Although it is useful in naval propulsion it is the same information you have to have for civilian power reactors. This material you have out here would behave the same whether it is a military reactor or a civilian reactor. So there are...

...of years before there is a sufficient degree of reliability to permit us to go ahead with a closed cycle gas-cooled plant in a naval vessel. You see, our program consists not alone of reactors but also of ships that are appropriated for by...

...plants we are now working on we envisage being able to power any important naval vessel. This can be accomplished by using one or more of the reactor plants I have described. We are right in the middle of a vast program for changing our...

...With its industrial contrac- tors it has been primarily responsible for developing the technology of pressurized-water power reactors. The country has, therefore, received a double dividend on money spent for naval nuclear propul- sion....

...get the zirconium they will need. The Navy has put up its own money for this. The money conies from naval construction funds. Representative DURHAM. In other words, the civilian reactors can- not depend on this production. Admiral RICKOVER....

...United States. To them and to some extent this is true of me also, the naval program leads to this. So they would welcome a challenge of another type of reactor to work on. We have had discussions about this here at Bettis and in my organ-...

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2Title:  FY 2003 Naval Reactors budget request Add
 Summary:  This document provides an extremely detailed analysis of the FY 2003 budget request for the Naval Reactors program. The section on operational lifetimes (page 12 of file) notes that the Enterprise and a number of Los Angeles-class submarines are serving for far longer than their designed lifetimes. The request describes the fact that six of the eight land-based prototypes had been shutdown by 2002 and were in the process of being deactivated. It provides reports on the units within Naval Reactors, including mission goals, recently-completed activities, and planned projects. 
 Source:  www.cfo.doe.gov/budget/03budget/content/nvlreact/navelrea.pdf 
 Date:   2002 
 Subject(s):  Budgetary information | Naval Reactors 
 
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...216,097 226,000 228,600 Explanation of Funding Changes from FY 2002 to FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget FY 2002 vs. FY 2003 ($000) I.A Funding level reflects requirements for the CVNX...

...149,563 132,341 144,390 Explanation of Funding Changes from FY 2002 to FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 vs. FY 2003 ($000) I.A Funding level reflects increased operation and maintenance...

...Naval Reactors FY 2003...

...Congressional Budget Naval Reactors Program...

...Mission Naval Reactors is responsible...

...fulfills the Navy’s requirements for new nuclear propulsion plants that meet current national defense demands. Naval Reactors is principally a technology program in the business of power generation for military application. The Program’s...

...the massive, complex components require many years of effort before technological advances can be introduced into the Fleet. The Program’s number-one priority is ensuring the safety and reliability of the 102 operating Naval reactor plants....

...Most of the work within the Naval Reactors Program is directed to ensuring the safe reliable...

...operation of these plants. Naval Reactors also is continuing shipboard acceptance testing on the next-generation reactor for the Navy’s new VIRGINIA-class attack submarines and is developing the reactor for the Navy’s new CVNX-class...

...is well underway and will be complete in 2003. The lead submarine incorporating this plant should go to sea in 2004. Naval Reactors is designing and developing an overall new reactor for the new CVNX-class aircraft carriers. This new design...

...used in the current NIMITZ class are a 1960's design, and have no more margin for growth in power output; this means Naval Reactors can no longer incorporate all the technical advances that would provide substantial life cycle cost savings,...

...survivability, greater operational availability, better offensive capability, and more strategic flexibility. Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget The CVNX lead ship is expected to be authorized by 2007 and to go to sea by 2014. The...

...operational requirements for nuclear-powered ships with no reactor accidents, meet regulatory commitments at all Naval Reactors sites, complete planned core and reactor component/system design and technology development efforts to support...

...acoustic measures, lower cost, and improved maintenance, or environmental performance. Despite the cross benefits, separate strategies are appropriate since they support Naval Reactors’ major goals. Where efforts overlap multiple strategies...

...and goals, the work is identified under the strategy, which receives the Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget principal benefit. The strategies are integrated into the detailed...

...program justifications within the budget. Thus, within each of the Detailed Program Justifications, Naval Reactors identifies the relevant strategies from the following list, the principal activity areas which exist within each strategy (...

...effects of wear, corrosion, high temperature, and pressure over a lifetime measured in decades. In addition, naval reactor plants must be rugged enough to accommodate ships’ pitching and rolling; have the resilience to respond to rapidly-...

...source (core) design and analysis methods and develop improved designs to satisfy service life requirements. Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget • Evaluate and test improved core manufacturing processes and inspection techniques to...

...of reactor plants for use in Navy nuclear powered warships so they can fulfill their national defense mission. Naval Reactors is responsible for the operation of 102 reactors—roughly the same number of nuclear power plants as this country...

...for predicting core performance that reduce design approximations, uncertainties, and associated conservatism. Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget • Conduct reactor safety and shielding analyses to ensure containment of radiation...

...multiplier. This capability must be maintained in the face of ever improving means of detection. In order to do so, Naval Reactors must ensure the reactor components and systems used in submarines meet tightening Navy operating parameters...

...planned tests of cores, components, systems, materials, and operating procedures, and for scheduled training, and provide for development of servicing equipment to help ensure reactor safety and reliability. Naval Reactors has two operating...

...The prototype plants are an essential component in meeting Naval Reactors' mission of ensuring the...

...safe and reliable operation of Naval reactor plants. Prototypes provide platforms for conducting testing under actual operating conditions that can not be duplicated in the laboratory. This testing yields...

...identified and addressed before they occur in shipboard operating reactor plants. The prototypes are used to test Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget new components and to verify reactor performance predictions by depleting the core...

...is a measure of prototype and ATR availability for planned testing, training, or maintenance. To meet this goal, Naval Reactors must be forward thinking in identifying potential problems before they occur. At the end of life, a servicing...

...shutdown land-based reactor plants in support of the Program’s and Department's environmental clean-up goals. Naval Reactors has shutdown six prototype plants no longer required for testing. These six plants are located at three sites....

...for the various facilities at the start of this effort. Major inactivation work is nearly finished. To date, Naval Reactors has made good progress— defueled all seven reactors (one plant has two reactors) with work well underway on the...

...other aspects of inactivation. Inactivation and cleanup work at the Windsor Site in Connecticut is complete, and regulatory approval for unrestricted release has been requested. Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget At...

...the NRF site in Idaho, Naval Reactors has shutdown all three plants; however, the Expended Core Facility will continue to operate at that site for the long term. As a result, and in recognition of the other shutdown reactor plants at the...

...Site in New York have been inactivated and defueled, and major dismantlement work will be completed in FY 2002. Naval Reactors is still operating two prototype plants at that site. Thus, the intent has been to dismantle the shutdown plants,...

...and dismantle plant facilities and release applicable areas. • Continue inactivation and remediation efforts at the Naval Reactors Facility in Idaho to eliminate surplus facilities, remediate and dismantle plant facilities and release...

...areas. Maintain outstanding environmental performance through radiological, environmental and safety monitoring and continue clean up of Program facilities. Naval Reactors continues to have an outstanding environmental performance record....

...Despite today’s stricter government regulations, Naval Reactors cleans up after itself in a rigorous, environmentally safe, and correct manner—including properly maintaining our facilities. The Program has established environmental...

...efficient power source, and is environmentally less damaging than other sources. With regard to radiation, Naval Reactors has an aggressive program to minimize exposure to as low as reasonably achievable such that since 1980 no Program...

...areas for this strategy: • Conduct radiological control, environmental, and safety operations necessary to protect Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget laboratory employees, minimize release of hazardous effluents to the environment,...

...ongoing clean up of test facilities to reduce hazards to personnel, and reduce potential liabilities due to changing conditions or accidental releases. Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Annual Performance Results and Targets...

...FY 2001 Results FY 2002 Targets FY 2003 Targets Naval Reactors has ensured the safety, performance, reliability, and service-life of operating reactors for uninterrupted support of the Fleet. We have exceeded...

...test reactor plants, and nuclear-powered ships have steamed over 122 million miles. (NS5-1) (EXCEEDED GOAL) Naval Reactors has developed new technologies, methods, and materials to support reactor plant design, including the next generation...

...carrier, which is on schedule to meet a planned ship construction start in FY 2006. (NS5-1) (EXCEEDED GOAL) Naval Reactors had no significant findings from State and Federal regulatory inspections, nor any radiation exposure to employees...

...ensure no personnel exceed Federal limits for radiation exposure and operations have no adverse effect on human health or the quality of the environment. (NS3-3) Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Performance Area Funding...

...Matrix FY 2003 Budget Categories (dollars in thousands) Naval Reactors Performance Areas Reactor Technology & Analysis Plant Technology Materials Development & Verification Evaluation & Servicing Meet Navy goals for extended...

...Radiological, environmental and safety operations……………………………………….. 43,000 Cleanup of test facilities……………………….. 31,100 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget The following funding profiles for the verification and testing of the next...

...class aircraft carriers are subsets of the above funding matrix. Much of the technology is generic in nature as Naval reactor plant types are based on pressurized water reactor technology. As such, demarcating work between plant types and...

...30,000 17,000 14,900 Development of CVNX reactor plant…………………………………… 117,000 141,000 128,600 In FY 2002, Naval Reactors implemented a fellowship program for students enrolled in nuclear science and engineering programs....

...This program is intended to attract qualified nuclear engineering graduates to Naval Reactors’ laboratories....

...In recent years Naval Reactors has encountered increased difficulty in attracting and retaining the highly...

...skilled workforce needed to support the unique technological activities of the Naval Reactors’ program. Declining enrollments in nuclear engineering departments across the United States and the declining number of university departments...

...engineering graduates. In addition, only a fraction of the available graduates are suitable for employment in the Naval Reactors program due to considerations of citizenship, geographical location, areas of specialty and academic standards....

...Fellowships will be provided to Masters and Doctoral degree candidates. Naval Reactors is pursuing 9 fellowships to be awarded in FY 2002 for the 2001/2002 school year. For the subsequent years, FY 2003 through FY 2005, the numbers of...

...to be pursued are 12, 13, and 15 respectively. In FY 2005, the fellowship program will have reached maturity and should continue with 15 awards per year in the future. Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Significant Accomplishments...

...and Program Shifts The primary emphasis of Naval Reactors’ effort, as always, will continue to be operating reactor safety and reliability. For new reactor development, CVNX reactor effort will continue, while work on the next generation...

...plant inactivation effort will decline as efforts come to fruition. Extend warship operational lifetime: Naval Reactors continues to develop improved manufacturing processes and analytical methods for reactor core design. Irradiation...

...also demonstrates that operation of the VIRGINIA-class poses no risk to the health and safety of the general public. Naval Reactors continues to maintain its record of no nuclear accident or significant release of radioactivity to the...

...reliability record are the initial careful, conservative engineering approach in developing new reactors, and Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget subsequent extensive and ongoing testing, verification and equipment/systems updating...

...detailed reactor plant arrangements will continue based on the system diagram and system description work in 2003. Naval Reactors will develop this reactor without the need for a prototype power unit (nuclear core and related equipment)....

...attempting to detect submarines, particularly computerized data processing, are constantly advancing requiring corresponding work to preserve stealth. The reactor and associated equipment are potential major sources of noise. Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget has been able, through an aggressive analytical and component/systems development effort, to help the Navy maintain submarine stealth for both existing and new design submarine classes. Examples...

...The two remaining prototype test reactors and the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) have a key role in achieving Naval Reactors’ objective. The two prototypes are the only means of testing components and systems in a full plant under typical...

...operations). The ATR is the primary facility available for irradiation testing—an important consideration given Naval Reactors’ dependence on such data. The intent, which the Program has been able to achieve for the two prototypes, is to...

...of irradiation tests that are conducted there. Inactivate shutdown test reactor plants: As a cost-saving initiative, Naval Reactors previously shut down six of eight land-based prototype plants. Good progress is being made in inactivating...

...upkeep) will be remediated as additional resources are available. Maintain outstanding environmental performance: Naval Reactors has had no significant findings from state and Federal regulatory inspections, nor any radiation exposure to...

...exposure received by an average American in one year due to radiation naturally present in the environment. The Naval Reactors program has a long-standing history of pollution prevention and continues to pursue new initiatives to minimize...

...in recognition of outstanding pollution prevention, recognized some of these efforts during 2001. Funding Profile (dollars in thousands) Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget FY 2001 Comparable a Appropriation FY 2002 Original...

...a Appropriation FY 2002 Adjustments FY 2002 Comparable a Appropriation FY 2003 Request Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors Development (NRD) Plant Technology………………………... 118,068 116,000 N/A N/A 112,100 Reactor Technology & Analysis………... 216,097 226,000 N/A N/A 228,600 Materials Development & Verification…. 124,329 130,904 N/A N/A 136,200...

...667,245 665,445 N/ A N/A 682,590 Program Direction…………………………….. 21,516 b 22,600 1,228 b 23,828 b 25,430 b Subtotal, Naval Reactors…………………….. 688,761 688,045 1,228 689,273 708,020 Adjustments Use of prior year balances………………. 0 0 N/...

...A N/A 0 Subtotal, adjustments…………………………. 0 0 N/A N/A 0 Total, Naval Reactors…………………………. 688,761 688,045 1,228 689,273 708,020 Public Law Authorization: Pub. L. 83-703, “Atomic Energy Act of 1954" Executive Order 12344 (42 U.S.C. 7158), “...

...Nuclear Security Administration” Funding by Site (dollars in thousands) a The “comparable” and request columns do not account for the effect of inflation. Naval Reactors’ FY 2002 and FY2003 requests represent a reduction of about $18M...

...from FY 2001 funding in real terms. b Naval Reactors did not develop this requirement and does not know the basis for the amounts included, and therefore can neither validate nor endorse the accuracy of these calculations. The FY 2001 and...

...These funds are comparable to the FY 2003 funding of $1.23M. (Note: The data is presented on a comparable basis as if the legislation had been enacted and implemented in FY 2001. ) Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget FY 2001 FY...

...2002 FY 2003 $ Change % Change Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory………...

...348,224 357,540 360,928 3,388 0.9% Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office…….. 6,554 7,440 7,755...

...315 4.2% Total, Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office…… 354,778 364,980 368,683 3,703 1.0% Idaho Operations Office Idaho National Engineering & Environmental Laboratory……………... 52,078 51,951 56,000 4,049...

...7.8% Idaho Operations Office……………….. 0 0 0 0 0% Total, Idaho Operations Office……………… 52,078 51,951 56,000 4,049 7.8% Schenectady Naval Reactors Office Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory………...

...265,427 254,004 263,822 9,818 3.9% Schenectady Naval Reactors Office…....

...5,600 6,000 6,330 330 5.5% Total, Schenectady Naval Reactors Office... 271,027 260,004 270,152 10,148 3.9% Washington Headquarters…………………... 9,362 10,388 11,345...

...957 9.2% All Other Sites………………………………… 1,516 1,950 1,840 -110 -5.6% Subtotal, Naval Reactors Development……. 688,761 689,273 708,020 18,747 2.7%...

...Use of prior year balances……………... 0 0 0 0 0% Total, Naval Reactors Development……….. 688,761 689,273...

...708,020 18,747 2.7% Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional...

...Budget Site Description Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office This Office oversees the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory. Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory This laboratory is one of two government-owned, contractor-operated laboratories solely...

...oversees operation of the INEEL Advanced Test Reactor. Idaho National Engineering & Environmental Laboratory Naval Reactors is the primary customer for the INEEL’s Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The ATR, which offers high thermal neutron...

...on the performance of reactor fuel, poison, and structural materials under irradiated conditions. Schenectady Naval Reactors Office This Office oversees the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory This is the other...

...propulsion plants at the Kesselring Site for operational testing of new technologies under typical operating conditions prior to Fleet introduction. Washington Headquarters This is Naval Reactors Headquarters in Washington, D.C. , which...

...administers the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program. Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Reactor Technology & Analysis Mission Supporting Goals and Objectives Reactor Technology and Analysis work...

...$ Change % Change Total, Reactor Technology and Analysis 216,097 226,000 228,600 2,600 1.15% (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget I. Conduct planned...

...and ultimately achieve more reliable, cost-effective designs. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Perform thermal-hydraulic and reactor protection...

...improvements are dependent on technological advancements. Manufacturing process limitations in previously designed naval reactor cores develop unique attributes during ship operation. Consequently, compensatory margins are built into core...

...to produce greater power cores at a lower cost for new core designs. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2001...

...advanced control drive mechanisms…………………………… 49,300 49,300 42,000 (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Reactor safety/reliability demands that the...

...more accurate control rod position indicator is being developed to meet increased plant control and safety goals. Naval Reactors also must develop and qualify reactor heavy equipment, including reactor vessels, closure heads, closure studs,...

...autoclave test the CVNX control drive mechanism development unit. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Finalize reactor vessel and closure head design...

...approximations, uncertainties, and associated conservatism ………………………………………… 21,100 21,100 21,100 The first cores Naval Reactors developed had expected service lives of two years. Subsequent research and development resulted in core service...

...limited in their ability to accurately predict core physics performance in later phases of life. Consequently, Naval Reactors is developing improved methods and tools to continue safe and reliable operation at stages in life which extend...

...Physics models use approximations that limit design precision and require allowances to be built into the design. Naval Reactors is developing, and has begun using, advanced, more precise nuclear design methods and software that reduce...

...results and operating experience, and validation of predictions (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget against prototype core measurements. Likewise,...

...cross-sections, are needed to improve performance of existing cores and optimize new core designs. Therefore, Naval Reactors is working to identify and perform experimental programs that would lead to improvements in this area. Verifiable...

...experiments to improve accuracy of nuclear design calculations. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Improve accuracy of core burnup predictions by...

...plants to ensure containment of radiation and proper protection of personnel…………………………………. 13,800 13,800 13,800 Naval Reactors conducts reactor safety analyses of all plants and new core designs to ensure that their operation poses no...

...Evaluate and qualify improved parallelized transport code. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Provide improved analytical methods, computer codes,...

...to reduce reliance on complex and expensive transient tests. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2003 Congressional Budget Update and complete additional testing of advanced...

...of radiological materials is paramount to the health and safety of workers, the public, and the environment. Naval Reactors enforces strict compliance with requirements for the management and disposal of radioactive, hazardous, and mixed...

...shipping and disposal costs……. +4,700 Total Funding Change, Reactor Technology & Analysis: …………………………. +2,600 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget Plant Technology Mission Supporting Goals and Objectives Plant...

...susceptible to corrosion due to the intense boiling environment required to convert reactor heat to steam. Naval Reactors is pursuing technologies to greatly reduce corrosion through fundamental design changes in components and water...

...Total, Plant Technology 118,068 116,000 112,100 -3,900 -3.4% (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification I. Complete scheduled design, analysis,...

...goals of cost and weight reduction while enhancing performance. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2001 Develop laboratory test...

...and engineered improvements. Evaluate application feasibility of alternative conversion systems. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget B. Develop instrumentation...

...replace obsolete equipment and improve reliability and performance………………………………………………..... 48,150 44,938 46,200 Naval reactor plant operators rely on instrumentation to monitor plant conditions, take corrective action, and determine position...

...specifications for a CVNX reactor plant instrumentation system. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget FY 2003 Complete LOS ANGELES Class generic instrumentation and...

...known limitations and improve performance and reliability of components…………………………………………………… 34,868 39,400 35,100 Naval Reactors evaluates current technologies and applies them to develop simpler components that maximize plant efficiency,...

...the redesigned NIMITZ class main coolant pump and expand flow testing. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget Continue preliminary design and arrangement for CVNX reactor...

...A key factor in the development process is a continuous flow of data from test facilities and operating plants. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget Detailed reactor...

...system performance analyses are also performed to ensure naval reactor plants are safe during normal, transient and casualty conditions. The performance analyses establish operating limits and automatic protection systems set points...

...system analyses and advances in metallurgy discussed in the Materials Development and Verification category, Naval Reactors has consistently kept radiation levels well below regulatory requirements while enhancing reliability and reducing...

...the quality of data and reduce operator training requirements. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2003 Congressional Budget Continue to evaluate open items and emergent issues to support the...

...and NIMITZ class reactor plant……………………………. ………………………………. +1,100 Total Funding Change, Plant Technology: -3,900 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2003 Congrssional Budget Materials Development & Verification...

...Navy goals for extended warship operation by developing materials that will withstand the rigors of the harsh naval reactor plant environment—irradiation, high temperature, high pressure, and corrosion—for fifty-plus years. Submarine and...

...the costs of materials and processes to as low a level as possible, without compromising the safe operation of naval reactors. Work in this category is divided into three areas: core and reactor structural materials, plant materials, and...

...ATR) located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) and subsequent examination at Naval Reactors’ Expended Core Facility in Idaho and the Radioactive Materials Laboratory (RML) at the Knolls Atomic Power...

...Change Total, Materials Develop & Verification 124,329 130,904 136,200 +5,296 4.0% (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2003 Congrssional Budget I. Conduct planned...

...and heat. These materials are required to withstand the harsh environment of an operating reactor for decades. Naval Reactors is pursuing the development and testing of economically attractive materials with improved physical or nuclear...

...materials, combined with potentially less cumbersome cost- saving processes, are being evaluated for application to naval reactor manufacturing and construction. Where appropriate, manufacturing and other process developments are qualified...

...model fuel elements of fleet cores to refine operating limits. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2003 Congrssional Budget Conduct examination of S3G-ATC (Advanced Test...

...can lead to reduced performance, shorter lifetime, increased maintenance, or component failure. Consequently, Naval Reactors focuses on developing and qualifying high integrity, corrosion resistant materials that will provide performance...

...and sufficient lifetimes to support increasingly longer lived nuclear cores. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification...

...FY 2003 Congrssional Budget Naval Reactors employs various methods to test, evaluate, and qualify improved plant materials. Testing and evaluating plant materials provides needed science based performance measures, the ability to predict...

...enable lifetime predictions of advanced component corrosion performance. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2003 Congrssional Budget Perform welding studies to identify...

...individual test trains internal arrangement and location in the ATR determines exposure to specific conditions. Naval Reactors continues to develop enhanced systems for high temperature irradiation testing with precise temperature control...

...of RML in-cell waste allowing for increased evaluation capability. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2003 Congrssional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: Testing...

...amp; Verification……………………. 124,329 130,904 136,200 Explanation of Funding Changes from FY 2002 to FY 2003 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2003 Congrssional Budget FY 2002 vs. FY 2003 ($000) I.A. Requirements...

...cell waste . ………………………………………………………… +4,996 Total Funding Change, Materials Development & Verification:…..………………. +5,296 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing Evaluation & Servicing Mission Supporting...

...conditions, the initiation of a dry spent fuel storage facility that will be integral to moving spent nuclear fuel from water pit storage to more environmentally benign dry storage at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF), and the preservation...

...of environmental quality at all Naval Reactors sites. Evaluation and Servicing supports the performance measures for ensuring maximum availability of prototype plants for testing and training, safely and responsibly inactivating shutdown...

...operating plants, expended core examinations, and increases in the capability of computer modeling have enabled Naval Reactors to shut down six of the Program's eight prototype plants resulting in substantial cost savings. Work is aimed at...

...improve future designs. The Evaluation and Servicing category also funds ongoing cleanup of facilities at all Naval Reactors sites to reduce hazards to personnel, and reduce potential liabilities due to aging facilities, changing conditions...

...Evaluation & Servicing 149,563 132,341 144,390 +12,049 +9.1% (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing I. Maintain a utilization factor of at least 90% for the...

...testing, core depletion analysis, and reactor plant operator training………………………………… 33,100 33,100 40,500 Naval Reactors operates the MARF and S8G prototypes on an around-the-clock basis to test and evaluate new/improved equipment,...

...are conducted multiple times over the life of the core to verify predicted behaviors as the fuel depletes. Naval Reactors performs routine preventive and corrective maintenance on the MARF and S8G prototypes, while also making necessary...

...assumptions in the fleet. Inspect pressurizer heater wells in MARF. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Perform depletion and testing of the cores in...

...plants……………..………………. 5,606 6,100 12,100 In order to ensure continued safe and reliable operation of its prototype plants, Naval Reactors performs major servicing efforts according to strict timelines. A major servicing of the S8G prototype...

...efforts include the overhaul of the main seawater valves and replacement of Main Coolant Check Valve internals. Naval Reactors ensures the feasibility of defueling and refueling operations is taken into consideration as part of design and...

...and reactor equipment designs to enhance reactor fueling, maintenance and defueling capability. Specifically, Naval Reactors is progressing well on the next generation reactor servicing design, a design whose serviceability should decrease...

...installation of the next generation reactor power unit, as well (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing as shipment and disposal of recoverable irradiated fuel...

...irradiations testing…………………….. 18,000 18,000 18,000 As the principal customer of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), Naval Reactors funds operation and maintenance of the reactor to support materials irradiations testing. This is the only...

...on the performance of reactor fuel, poison, and structural materials under irradiated conditions. The irradiation test program supports operating Naval reactor plants, material selections made for the next generation reactor, and database...

...development that (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget...

...Evaluation & Servicing positions Naval Reactors to better understand emergent problems with existing reactors and to make informed material selections for new reactor designs. Verifiable Supporting Activities: All Years Meet operating...

...supports placing the S3G and D1G plants in a stable layup state. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing Shipout S3G pressure vessel for disposal. Conduct D1G...

...and release applicable areas………………………… 9,957 6,741 1,800 All fuel has been removed from the prototype plants at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF). The prototype plants are now in a safe layup condition, with all plants being maintained in a...

...asbestos, heavy metals, other chemicals, or radioactivity to enter into (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing the environment. To validate the effectiveness of...

...and control efforts are in place at the prototype sites to ensure compliance with all regulations at all Naval Reactors’ sites. Decontamination and remediation are achieved through a deliberate multi-step process which may involve facility...

...release and personnel exposure on the Bettis- Pittsburgh site. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing Provide engineering direction and subcontract preparation,...

...of Naval spent nuclear fuel currently stored at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) to the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF). Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2001 Ship radioactive and hazardous waste generated in...

...of D2W prototype, A4W/A1G prototype, and S5G prototype cores. (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 Naval Reactors FY 2003 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Provide support for shipping of all hazardous and...

...required to bring spent fuel dry storage facility online…. +9,590 Total Funding Change, Evaluation and Servicing…………………………. +12,049 Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2003 Congressional Budget Program Direction Mission Supporting Goals...

...and Objectives Due to the critical nature of nuclear reactor work, Naval Reactors is a centrally managed organization. This places a heavy burden on the Federal employees who oversee and set policies/procedures for developing new reactor...

...agencies. The FY 2003 request includes Working Capital Fund resources to cover the costs of goods and services at Naval Reactors’ Headquarters such as payroll processing and telephone services. Funding Schedule (dollars in thousands, whole...

...+51.4% Total, Headquarters……………………… 9,362 10,388 11,345 +957 +9.2% Full Time Equivalents…………………… 56 56 57 1 1.8% Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits……………………… 5,840 6,365 6,655 +290 +4.6% Travel …………………………………… 125 125 130 +5 +4.0%...

...Support Services………………………… 0 0 0 0 0% Other Related Expenses………………… 589 950 970 +20 +2.1% Total, Pittsburgh Naval Reactors ………. 6,554 7,440 7,755 +315 +4.2% Full...

...Time Equivalents……………………. 71 71 70 -1 -1.4% a Naval Reactors did not develop this requirement and does not know the basis for the amounts included, and therefore can neither validate nor endorse the accuracy of these calculations. The FY...

...are comparable to the FY 2003 funding of $1.23M. (Note: The data is presented on a comparable basis as if the legislation had been enacted and implemented in FY 2001. ) Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2003 Congressional Budget FY 2001...

...FY 2002 FY 2003 $ Change % Change Schenectady Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits……………………… 5,005 5,310 5,625 +315 +5.9% Travel……………………………………… 90 95 95 0 0% Support...

...Services………………………… 0 0 0 0 0% Other Related Expenses………………… 505 595 610 +15 +2.5% Total, Schenectady Naval Reactors…… 5,600 6,000 6,330 +330 +5.5% Full...

...Time Equivalents ………………… 64 64 64 0 0% Total Naval Reactors Program Salary and Benefits……………………… 19,096 20,843 22,035 +1,192a +5.7%a Travel……………………………………… 725 740 755 +15 +2.0% Support Services………………………… 0 0 0 0 0% Other...

...Program Direction………………… 21,516 23,828 25,430 +1,602 +6.7% Full Time Equivalents…………………… 191 191 191 0 0% a Naval Reactors did not develop this requirement and does not know the basis for the amounts included, and therefore can neither...

...The data is presented on a comparable basis as if the legislation had been enacted and implemented in FY 2001. ) Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2003 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY...

...management/oversight of laboratories and facilities to ensure safe and reliable operation of Naval nuclear plants. Naval Reactors’ staffing projections are in accordance with the employment ceiling established in the Department’s Workforce...

...while in authorized travel status and other expenses incidental to travel. FY 2002 travel funding supports trips required to provide management and oversight of the Naval Reactors Program. FY03 requested funding represent on real growth...

...compared to FY02. Support Services……………………………………………… 0 0 0 Naval Reactors does not use Support Services contractors. Other Related Expenses………………………………………… 1,695 2,245 2,640 Include provision of funds for the Working Capital Fund, based on...

...Program Direction………………………………………… 21,516 23,828 25,430a Explanation of Funding Changes FY 2002 to FY 2003 a Naval Reactors did not develop this requirement and does not know the basis for the amounts included, and therefore can neither...

...data is presented on a comparable basis as if the legislation had been enacted and implemented in FY 2001. ) Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2003 Congressional Budget FY03 vs. FY02 ($000) Salaries and Benefits…………………………………………………………………...

...services and ADP Requirements for NR Headquarters’ internal classified local area network. Total Funding Change, Naval Reactors Program Direction………………………. +1,602 Other Related Expenses (dollars in thousands) FY 2001 FY 2002 FY 2003 $...

...Other……………………………………………… 638 1,018 1,083 +65 +6.4% Total, Budget Authority………………………… 1,695 2,245 2,640 +395 +17.6% a Naval Reactors did not develop this requirement and does not know the basis for the amounts included, and therefore can...

...data is presented on a comparable basis as if the legislation had been enacted and implemented in FY 2001. ) Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Exp & Construction FY 2003 Congressional Budget Capital Operating Expenses & Construction...

...0 03-D-200 CleanroomTechnology Facility 7,500 0 0 0 7,200 300 Total, Construction 68,046 17,262 13,200 11,300 300 Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Exp & Construction FY 2003 Congressional Budget Major Items of Equipment (TEC $2 million...

...Parallel Supercomputer 12,000 0 0 0 12,000 FY 2003 Total, Major Items of Equipment 16,800 7,900 5,600 12,000 Naval Reactors/ Construction Cleanroom Tech Facility FY 2003 Congressional Budget 03-D-201, Cleanroom Technology Facility, Bettis...

...as part of the facility to accommodate personnel who routinely use the laboratory areas of the facility. Naval Reactors/ Construction Cleanroom Tech Facility FY 2003 Congressional Budget The new facility will be typical of standard...

...the construction of the new facility is completed. The objective of this construction project is to enable the Naval Reactors Program to continue its leadership role in the development of thermophotovoltaic (TPV) technology by creating a...

...investment, significantly broadening and improving the scope of research that can be completed in-house for the Naval Reactors Program. This facility also will reduce costs and time expenditures associated with repetitious experiments, and...

...continued production of TPV devices with defects. It is clear that the challenging device technology goals of the Naval Reactors TPV development program can better be achieved by establishing more stringent control of environmental factors...

...device processing. There is insufficient available space at the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory to support current Naval Reactor Programs Advanced Concepts directives. Decontamination of existing space is not a viable option to support the...

...within the schedular constraints and cost identified above. The construction of the CTF will create within the Naval Reactors Program an improved platform for technology development. Immediately, the CTF will enable the aggressive pursuit...

...s navies and is optimally suited to changing national needs. This project is scheduled to be completed in March 2004. Naval Reactors/ Construction Cleanroom Tech Facility FY 2003 Congressional Budget 4. Details of Cost Estimate (dollars in...

...Cost Construction 0 0 7,200 300 7,500 Total Line Item TEC/Facility Costs 0 0 7,200 300 7,500 Other Project Costs Naval Reactors/ Construction Cleanroom Tech Facility FY 2003 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Prior FY 2002 FY 2003...

...for maintenance and repair. c Based on current usage projection; includes electrical power and natural gas use. Naval Reactors/ Construction Major Office Replacement Building FY 2003 Congressional Budget 01-D-200, Major Office Replacement...

...Costs Design/Construction 2001 1,297 1,297 900 2002 9,000 9,000 3,350 2003 2,100 2,100 7,850 2004 0 0 297 Naval Reactors/ Construction Major Office Replacement Building FY 2003 Congressional Budget 3. Project Description, Justification and...

...locations, and greatly improve the organizational grouping of personnel, thus improving workforce efficiencies. Naval Reactors/ Construction Major Office Replacement Building FY 2003 Congressional Budget 4. Details of Cost Estimatea (...

...Cost (TEC)…………………………………………………………………….. 12,397 12,400 a The cost estimate is based on detailed design estimates. Naval Reactors/ Construction Major Office Replacement Building FY 2003 Congressional Budget 4. Method of Performance Contracting...

...Total Other Project costs…………………… 120 1,050 150 0 0 1,320 Total Project Cost (TPC)…………………… 120 2,347 9,150 2,100 0 13,717 Naval Reactors/ Construction Major Office Replacement Building FY 2003 Congressional Budget 7. Related Annual Funding...

...and M& R cost (exclusive of utility cost) for operation, maintenance, and repair of the MORB b Including utility cost for operation of the MORB which will begin in FY 2004. Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2003 Congressional...

...Budget 90-N-102, Expended Core Facility Dry Cell, Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho (Changes from FY 2002 Congressional Budget Request are denoted with a vertical line [ | ] in the left margin. ) Significant Changes Fiscal Years 2000 through...

...work scope changes necessary to address radiological contamination control and facility throughput issues. Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2003 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Fiscal Year Appropriations Obligations...

...The revised systems will use proven fuel handling practices that are consistent with those used throughout the Naval Reactors Program. The complete facility will have a design life of at least 40 years. The Dry Cell Project consists of...

...in a shielded basket transfer container to one of two prepared fuel loading stations and loaded into a SFC. Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2003 Congressional Budget The East End Modification task provides facilities and equipment...

...is scheduled to complete in September 2006. Through FY 2002, 67% of the project is expected to be completed. Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2003 Congressional Budget 4. Details of Cost Estimatea (dollars in thousands) Current...

...escalation rates assumed for FY 2003, FY 2004, FY 2005 and FY 2006 are 2.8%, 2.8%, 2.9% and 2.9%, respectively. Naval Reactors/ 90-N- 102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2003 Congressional Budget 6. Schedule of Project Funding (dollars in thousands) Prior...

...items to support equipment design and confirm system operations, for facility startup, and for operator training. Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2003 Congressional Budget 7. Related Annual Funding Requirements (FY 2006 dollars in...

...examination and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. As the Navy downsizes the Fleet, demands on...

...examination, and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Improve nuclear reactor core design and...

...Materials Development & Verification provides the high performance materials necessary to ensure Naval nuclear reactor plants meet Navy goals for extended warship operation and greater power capabilities in the most economical manner...

...examination and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Develop improved nuclear fuel, core and...

...and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Examine removed fuel cells at end-of-life and...

...work encompasses the operation, maintenance, and servicing of land-based prototype Naval nuclear propulsion plants, the Advanced Test Reactor, the enhancement of fleet reactor reliability and longevity through testing and examination of...

...for all naval nuclear propulsion work, beginning with technology development, continuing through reactor operation and, ultimately, reactor plant disposal. The Program ensures the safe operation of reactor plants in operating nuclear-...

...its national defense role. The safety record of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program is outstanding: nuclear powered warships have steamed more than 122 million miles without a reactor accident or a significant release of radioactivity to...

...development and testing is to develop more affordable reactor components/systems arrangements that have the potential to improve the military characteristics and affordability of future naval nuclear propulsion plants without compromising...

...land based prototype Naval nuclear propulsion plants at the Kesselring site in New York and also is the principal customer of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory....

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3Title:  FY 2005 Naval Reactors budget request Add
 Summary:  This budget document describes Naval Reactors funding for the 2005 fiscal year, and for the preceding fiscal years. The program's fundamental purpose is stated: "Provide the Navy with safe, militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and ensure their continued safe and reliable operation" (521). The budget document describes the development of the CVN 21 (later designated as A1B) reactor, the successor to the A4W plants that power the Nimitz-class aircraft carriers. As noted, the A1B plants will provide over 25% more energy than the A4W plants and require significantly fewer propulsion plant operators. The document also describes Naval Reactors' work with Transformational Technology Core (TTC) pressurized water reactors, which will "deliver a significant energy increase to future VIRGINIA-class" submarines (522). The "Memos and Strategies" section (526) describes the program's relationship to the Bettis and Knolls laboratories. 
 Source:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A1B_reactor 
 Date:   2004 
 Subject(s):  A1B | Budgetary information | Naval Reactors 
 
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...generation reactor 99% next-generation submarine will complete. submarine go to sea in reactor design. 2004. Naval Reactors FY 2005 Congressional Budget Performance Indicators FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 Endpoint...

...to support equipment design and confirm system operations, for facility startup, and for operator training. Naval Reactors/ 90 N 102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2005 Congressional Budget 7. Related Annual Funding Requirements (dollars in thousands)...

...and capital equipment costs for operation, maintenance, and repair. b Includes electrical power, steam heat, and maintenance items such as utility lines, valves, and pumps. Naval Reactors/ 90 N 102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2005 Congressional Budget...

...Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors Proposed Appropriation Language For Department...

...of Energy expenses necessary for naval reactors activities to carry out the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq. ), including the acquisition (by purchase, condemnation, construction, or otherwise) of real property,...

...797,900,000, to remain available until expended. Explanation of Change Changes from the language proposed in FY 2004 consist of a change to the number of proposed motor vehicles and funding amounts. Naval Reactors/ Appropriation Language FY...

...2005 Congressional Budget Naval Reactors Funding Profile by Subprogram (dollars in thousands) FY 2003 Comparable Appropriation FY...

...2004 Original Appropriation FY 2004 Adjustments FY 2004 Comparable Appropriation FY 2005 Request Naval Reactors Development (NRD) Operations and................. Maintenance.................... 666,927 723,100 - 4,264 718,836 761,211...

...24,043 26,700 - 148 26,552 29,500 Construction...................... 11,226 18,600 - 110 18,490 7,189 Subtotal, Naval Reactors.. Development.................... 702,196 768,400 - 4,522 763,878 797,900 Less Use of prior year..........

...balances......................... 0 - 2,000 - 2,000 0 Subtotal Adjustments........ 0 0 0 0 0 Total, Naval Reactors................ 702,196 766,400 - 4,522 761,878 797,900 FYNSP Schedule (dollars in thousands) FY...

...2005 FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FYNSP Total Naval Reactors 797,900 803,000 818,000 834,000 850,000 4,102,900 Public Law Authorization: Pub. L. 83-703, “Atomic Energy Act of 1954” "Executive Order 12344 (42 U.S.C. 7158), “Naval Nuclear...

...FY 2003 Execution (dollars in thousands) FY 2003 Approp General Reduction Rescission Supplement Reprogram­ ming Comp Adjustment Comparable Current FY 2003 Naval Reactors NR O&M 671,290 0 - 4,363 0 0 0 666,927 Construction 11,300 0 - 74...

...0 0 0 11,226 NR Program Direction 24,200 0 - 157 0 0 0 24,043 Total, Naval Reactors 706,790 0 - 4,594 0 0 0 702,196 FY 2004 Appropriation (dollars in thousands) FY 2004 Enacted Approp Use...

...of Prior Year Balance Pending Rescis­ sion Supple- mental Reprogram­ ming/Trans­ fers Comp Adjustments Current FY 2004 Comp Naval Reactors O&M ...... 723,100 0 -4264 0 0 0 718,836 Construction ................... 18,600 0 -110 0...

...0 0 18,490 NR Program Direction ..... 26,700 0 -148 0 0 0 26,552 Subtotal, Naval Reactors ........................ 768,400 0 -4,522 0 0 0 763,878 Use of prior...

...year balances ........................ -2,000 0 0 0 0 0 -2,000 Total, Naval Reactors....... 766,400 0 -4,522 0 0 0 761,878 Description Mission Provide the Navy with safe, militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and ensure their...

...nuclear propulsion plants that are capable of responding to the challenges of the 21st century security environment. FY 2005 Congressional Budget Program Goal: The Naval Reactors program has one program goal which contributes to General...

...Goal 3 in the “goal cascade”: General Goal 3, Naval Reactors: Provide the Navy with safe, militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and ensure their continued safe...

...and reliable operation. Contribution to General Goal 03 Within the Naval Reactors program, the Plant Technology, Reactor Technology and Analysis, Materials Development and Verification, Evaluation and Servicing, Facility Operations,...

...Construction, and Program Direction subprograms each make unique contributions to Program Goal 03.49.00.00. Naval Reactors is responsible...

...Navy’s requirements for new nuclear propulsion plants that meet current and future national defense requirements. Naval Reactors is principally a technology program in the business of power generation for military application. The Program’s...

...the massive, complex components require many years of effort before technological advances can be introduced into the Fleet. The Program’s number-one priority is ensuring the safety and reliability of the 103 operating naval reactor plants....

...Most of the work within the Naval Reactors Program is directed toward ensuring the safe, reliable...

...operation of these plants. Naval Reactors is continuing development of a high energy reactor for CVN 21 and design of the new Transformational Technology Core ( TTC), which will provide a significant energy increase to VIRGINIA-class ships....

...expected to be authorized in 2007 and to go to sea in 2014. To meet ever increasing national security demands, Naval Reactors is working on TTC to deliver a significant energy increase to future VIRGINIA-class ships with minimum impact to...

...in future decades. TTC development should support procurement of a prototypic core in about FY 2008. In FY 2005, Naval Reactors will complete TTC core conceptual design and initiate final design and development work. FY 2005 Congressional...

...FY 2003 Results Ensure the safety, performance reliability, and Ensure the safety, performance, reliability, and Naval Reactors safely steamed over two Completed safe steaming of approximately two service-life of operating reactors. (MET...

...GOAL) GOAL) including maintaining utilization factors of at least 90 percent for test reactor plants, and 121 Naval Reactors exceeded a 90% utilization Achieved a utilization factor of at least 90% for million miles steamed for nuclear-...

...outstanding environmental No personnel exceeded 5 REM/year. (MET No personnel exceeded 5 REM/year. (MET public from Naval Reactors’ activities is within performance by ensuring that no personnel GOAL) GOAL) Federal limits and no significant...

...of the environment. (MET health or the quality of the environment. (MET Federal regulators. (MET GOAL) GOAL) GOAL) Naval Reactors FY 2005 Congressional Budget Annual Performance Results and Targets Performance Indicators FY 2003 FY 2004 FY...

...the quality of the environment. environment. environment. environment. environment. environment. environment. Naval Reactors FY 2005 Congressional Budget Means and Strategies The Naval Rectors program will use various means and strategies...

...Program Goal (Dollars in Thousands) FY 2003 Approp FY 2004 Approp FY 2005 Request FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 General Goal 3: NAVAL REACTORS 702,196 761,878 797,900 803,000 818,000 834,000 850,000 Program Goal 3-49-00-00 702,196 761,878...

...797,900 803,000 818,000 834,000 850,000 FY 2005 Congressional Budget NR Strategies The following six strategies support Naval Reactors’ program goal and are integrated into the detailed program justifications within the budget....

...Thus, within each component of the Detailed Program Justification, Naval Reactors identifies the relevant strategies from the following list, the principal activity areas which exist within each strategy (summarized below), and verifiable...

...be ensured throughout an extended lifetime. Additionally, to meet the ever-increasing national security demands, Naval Reactors has begun preliminary design studies on the Transformational Technology Core (TTC). TTC is a direct outgrowth of...

...effects of wear, corrosion, high temperature, and pressure over a lifetime measured in decades. In addition, naval reactor plants must be rugged enough to accommodate ships’ pitching and rolling; have the resilience to respond to rapidly-...

...plant components, systems, and performance to ensure the operational safety and reliability of reactor plants for use in Navy nuclear powered warships so they can fulfill their national defense mission. Naval Reactors is responsible for...

...multiplier. This capability must be maintained in the face of ever improving means of detection. In order to do so, Naval Reactors must ensure the reactor components and systems used in submarines meet tightening Navy operating parameters...

...for planned tests of cores, components, systems, materials, operating procedures, and for scheduled training, and provide for development of servicing equipment to help ensure reactor safety and reliability. Naval Reactors has two operating...

...The prototype plants are an essential component in meeting Naval Reactors' mission of ensuring the...

...safe and reliable operation of naval reactor plants. Prototypes provide platforms for testing under actual operating conditions, which cannot be duplicated in the laboratory. This testing yields important technical data and experience, and...

...of prototype availability for planned testing, training, or maintenance. To maintain a high utilization factor, Naval Reactors must be forward thinking in identifying potential problems before they occur. Operation of the ATR provides a...

...inactivate shutdown land-based reactor plants in support of Program and Departmental environmental cleanup goals. Naval Reactors has shut down six prototype reactor plants no longer required for testing or training. With the Windsor,...

...and dismantle plant facilities and release applicable areas. � Continue inactivation and remediation efforts at the Naval Reactors Facility in Idaho to eliminate surplus facilities, remediate and dismantle plant facilities and release...

...Maintain outstanding environmental performance through radiological, environmental and safety monitoring, and continue cleanup of Program facilities. Naval Reactors continues to have an outstanding environmental performance record, despite...

...today’s stricter government regulations. Naval Reactors cleans up after itself in a rigorous, environmentally safe, and correct manner—including properly maintaining our facilities. The Program has established environmental compliance...

...safe, efficient power source, and is environmentally less damaging than other sources. With regard to radiation, Naval Reactors has an aggressive program to minimize personnel exposure to as low as reasonably achievable such that since 1980...

...each of the Departmental elements of the annual assessment required to pay for the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) activities performed for the Department. The amount for Naval Reactors is $696,900 in FY 2004 and $730,400 in FY 2005....

...Funding Schedule by Activity (dollars in thousands) Naval Reactors Development Plant Technology ..................... 108,897 130,625 155,500 + 24,875 + 19.0% Reactor Technology & Analysis.. 228,600 233,615 232,100 - 1,515 - 0.6%...

...Operations .................. 41,486 48,015 50,811 + 2,796 + 5.8% FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 $ Change % Change Total, Naval Reactors Development O&M .................. 666,927 718,836 761,211 + 42,375 + 5.9% FY 2005 Congressional Budget...

...susceptible to corrosion due to the intense boiling environment required to convert reactor heat to steam. Naval Reactors is pursuing technologies to greatly reduce corrosion through fundamental design changes in components and water...

...of new display technologies while presenting data to the operator in a more effective manner. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology I. Complete scheduled design,...

...tools are used to meet goals of cost and weight reduction while enhancing performance. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2003...

...the steam generator design with longer life and higher power rating supporting TTC. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology Continue to monitor and evaluate LOS ANGELES-...

...to replace obsolete equipment and improve reliability and performance ................ 44,880 50,800 63,800 Naval reactor plant operators rely on instrumentation to monitor plant conditions, take corrective action, and determine position...

...and efficient advanced electrical conversion equipment can increase actual usable power available from the reactor. The Naval Reactors program has taken advantage of advancements in microprocessor-based instrumentation and control (I&C)...

...equipment fabrication and NIMITZ-class production equipment design and fabrication. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology FY 2004 Install improved generic I&C...

...that will have a common system architecture for all reactor plant types of its class. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology C. Develop and test reactor plant components...

...and improve overall reactor plant systems performance and reliability……. …………………………….. 34,097 38,325 38,100 Naval Reactors evaluates current technologies and applies them to develop simpler components that maximize plant efficiency,...

...coolant pump and continue manufacture of the prototype CVN 21 Reactor Coolant Pump. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology Continue design of the CVN 21 steam generator...

...less maintenance, less manning, and can be built using modular construction techniques. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology D. Perform reactor plant analyses to ensure...

...key role in the development process. Detailed reactor system performance analyses are also performed to ensure Naval reactor plants are safe during normal, transient and casualty conditions. The advanced integrated reactor plant protection...

...system analyses, and advances in metallurgy discussed in the Materials Development and Verification category, Naval Reactors has consistently maintained radiation levels well below regulatory requirements and maintained an enviable record...

...to evaluate open items and emergent issues to support the VIRGINIA-class reactor systems performance analysis. Naval Reactors/ FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Plant Technology Continue to perform...

...safe operation of the reactor. Total, Plant Technology ……………………………… 108,897 130,625 155,500 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget Detailed Justification (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis...

...ensure operations are conduc ted without adverse impact on employees or the environment. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis I....

...development of high efficiency direct heat-to-electricity energy conversion devices. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis Develop...

...Complete TTC core conceptual design and initiate final design and development work. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis Continue...

...are dependent on technological advancements. Fuel and core manufacturing limitations in previously designed naval reactor cores require compensatory margins in core designs and operating limits that constrain power density and life...

...with the lead A1B core and identify new technologies to improve baseline processes. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis FY 2004...

...load, but it is also constrained by plant-wide limitations on space and mechanism FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis operating...

...to increased reliability, these new designs should prove to be simpler and less expensive than past designs. Naval Reactors also must develop and qualify reactor heavy equipment, including reactor vessels, closure heads, closure studs, and...

...trouble-free assembly at the shipyard and successful operation for the life of the ship. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis FY...

...uncertainties, and associated conservatism.............................. 21,100 21,000 21,000 The first cores Naval Reactors developed had expected service lives of two years. Subsequent research and development resulted in core service...

...in their ability to accurately predict core physics performance in later phases of core- life. Consequently, Naval Reactors is developing improved methods and tools to continue safe and reliable operation at stages in life which extend well...

...Physics models use approximations that limit design precision and require allowances to be built into the design. Naval Reactors is developing, and has begun using, advanced, more precise nuclear design methods and software that reduce...

...must be resolved and the results factored into improved methods and computer programs. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis...

...as neutron cross-sections, are needed to improve performance of existing cores and optimize new core designs. Naval Reactors is working to identify and perform experimental programs that would lead to improvements in this area. Verifiable...

...reference design analyses for the NGR core to accept the use of low-enriched (93%) fuel. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis...

...of radiation and proper protection of personnel....................................... 13,800 13,700 13,700 Naval Reactors conducts reactor safety analyses of all plants and new core designs to ensure that their operation poses no threat to...

...and operation and during the handling and shipment of spent nuclear fuel and other highly radioactive materials. Naval Reactors is working to reduce the weight and resultant cost of installed shielding without impacting radiation exposure...

...necessary. Complete radiation analyses for final design of A1B reactor plant equipment. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis FY...

...necessity to safely maintain reactor power, which requires a flow of water through the core to dissipate heat. Naval Reactors continues to improve core performance and quieting with advancements in thermal and hydraulic design which enable...

...greater power per unit flow, allowing flow to be reduced while safely maintaining power. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis...

...noise data. Evaluate flow oscillation and transient data to support A1B design basis. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Reactor Technology and Analysis IV....

...of radiological materials is paramount to the health and safety of workers, the public, and the environment. Naval Reactors enforces strict compliance with requirements for the management and disposal of radioactive, hazardous, and mixed...

...Total, Reactor Technology and Analysis ...................... 228,600 233,615 232,100 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Technology and Analysis FY 2005 Congressional Budget Detailed Justification (dollars in thousands) Materials...

...Navy goals for extended warship operation by developing materials that will withstand the rigors of the harsh naval reactor plant environment—irradiation, high temperature, high pressure, and corrosion—for fifty-plus years. Submarine and...

...the costs of materials and processes to as low a level as possible, without compromising the safe operation of naval reactors. Work in this category is divided into three areas: core and reactor structural materials, plant materials, and...

...at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The specimens are subsequently examined at the Naval Reactors’ Expended Core Facility in Idaho and the Radioactive Materials Laboratory (RML) at the Knolls Atomic Power...

...most economical manner possible. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development and Verification FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Materials Development and Verification I....

...and heat. These materials are required to withstand the harsh environment of an operating reactor for decades. Naval Reactors is pursuing the development and testing of economically attractive materials with improved physical or nuclear...

...materials, combined with potentially more efficient cost-saving processes, are being evaluated for application to naval reactor manufacturing and construction. Where appropriate, manufacturing and other process developments are qualified...

...of materials to improve efficiency and reduce cost of cell, module, and system designs. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development and Verification FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Materials Development...

...pursuit of developing high temperature fuel technology for an advanced PWR application. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development and Verification FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Materials Development...

...can lead to reduced performance, shorter lifetime, increased maintenance, or component failure. Consequently, Naval Reactors focuses on developing and qua lifying high integrity, corrosion resistant materials that will provide performance...

...during maintenance operations. Development and qualification of low or non-cobalt materials are underway. Naval Reactors employs various methods to test, eva luate, and qualify improved plant materials. Testing and evaluating plant...

...of weld parameter changes with the objective of reducing weld residual stresses. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development and Verification FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Materials Development and...

...core and valve fastener performance questions beyond the current D2W assessments. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development and Verification FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Materials Development and...

...support an increase in the number of test train irradiations, examinations, and shipments between ATR and NRF. Naval Reactors continues to develop enhanced systems for high temperature irradiation testing with precise temperature control...

...Develop and demonstrate advanced techniques for monitoring in-pile test specimens. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development and Verification FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Materials Development and...

...table to ECF. Total, Materials Development and Verification …….. 135,969 136,888 150,800 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development and Verification FY 2005 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification (dollars in...

...and Servicing is the development of a spent fuel dry storage facility that will be integral to moving spent nuclear fuel from water pit storage to more environmentally benign dry storage at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF), and remediation...

...and environmental work at all Naval Reactors sites. Evaluation and Servicing supports the performance measures for ensuring maximum availability of prototype plants in order to test and train safely; to responsibly inactivate already...

...operating plants, expended core examinations, and increases in the capability of computer modeling have enabled Naval Reactors to shut down six of the Program's eight prototype plants resulting in substantial cost savings. Work is aimed at...

...an environmentally benign state. The Evaluation and Servicing category also funds ongoing cleanup of facilities at all Naval Reactors sites to reduce hazards to personnel, and reduce potential liabilities due to aging facilities, changing...

...conditions or accidental releases. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing I. Maintain a utilization factor of at least 90% for prototype...

...plant operator training ................................................................. 40,200 42,000 42,000 Naval Reactors operates the MARF and S8G prototypes on an around-the-clock basis to test and evaluate new/improved equipment,...

...are conducted multiple times over the life of the core to verify predicted behaviors as the fuel depletes. Naval Reactors performs routine preventive and corrective maintenance on the MARF and S8G prototypes, while also making necessary...

...and prototype plant infrastructure including Site Service Water System modifications. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing FY 2004 Meet...

...supports an FY05 delivery to the shipyard to support first installation in CVN 77. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing B. Service...

...plants …………... 17,100 16,400 16,400 In order to ensure continued safe and reliable operation of its prototype plants, Naval Reactors performs major servicing efforts according to strict timelines. A major non-refueling overhaul of the S8G...

...of the primary plant components and help to maintain the highest safety and operational efficiency standards. Naval Reactors ensures that the efforts that coincide with defueling and refueling operations are considered as part of design and...

...design and developing these designs to enhance reactor fueling, maintenance and defueling capability. In addition, Naval Reactors is progressing well on the next-generation reactor servicing design to reduce servicing costs. Development of...

...and weather protection system. Perform a resin discharge at the MARF prototype. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing Continue...

...testing ………………………………………….. 17,896 18,000 18,000 As the principal customer of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), Naval Reactors funds operation and maintenance of the reactor to support materials irradiations testing. This is the only facility...

...ATR is the source of test data on the performance of reactor fuel, poison, and structural materials under irradiated conditions. The irradiation test program supports operating naval reactor plants, material selections made for the next-...

...generation reactor, and database development that allows Naval Reactors to better understand emergent problems with existing reactors and to make informed material selections for new reactor designs....

...Verifiable Supporting Activities: All years meet operating efficiency goals. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing II. Meet cost and...

...Activities: FY 2003 Complete removal, and ship out D1G pressure vessel for disposal. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing Continue S3G...

...release applicable areas ……………………………….. 1,800 400 400 All fuel has been removed from the prototype plants at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF). The prototype plants are now in a safe lay-up condition, with all plants being maintained in a...

...in environmentally benign condition. Demolition of NRF buildings no longer needed. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing III. Maintain...

...work, environmental monitoring and control efforts are in place to ensure compliance with all regulations at all Naval Reactors’ sites. Remediation is achieved through a deliberate multi-step process which may involve facility structures...

...at the NRF site to ensure that the plants remain in a safe, environmentally benign state. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing Continue...

...29 is an inactive wastewater collection system formally used by the S3G Prototype. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing Perform...

...Gather and evaluate sample chemical and radiological data at all sites. These evaluations are in compliance with Naval Reactors Program and RCRA requirements. Perform RCRA remediation at Knolls, Kesselring and Bettis. Support DOE Oakland...

...development of spent fuel dry storage capability, the conversion of ECF operations to be in accordance with the Naval Reactors Program standards and documentation requirements, and development of the systems required to safely transport and...

...disassemble, and ship approximately 24 irradiated test assemblies between NRF and ATR. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing Perform...

...Design new underwater cutting equipment to support the dry storage of naval spent fuel. FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget (dollars in thousands) Evaluation and Servicing Assemble,...

...fastener examinations. Total, Evaluation and Servicing ……………………... 151,975 169,693 172,000 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes FY 2005 vs. FY 2004 ($...

...Total Estimated Cost (TEC) Prior Year Appropriations FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Unappropriated Balances Naval Reactors 90-N-102 Core Facility Dry Cell ...................... 01-D-200 Major Office Replacement Building................. 03-D-201...

...0 0 7,451 0 7,153 298 0 0 17,400 0 0 0 6,200 11,200 Construction.......... 98,508 11,226 18,490 7,189 11,200 Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Expenses and Construction FY 2005 Congressional Budget Major Items of Equipment ( TEC $2 million...

...3,000 0 0 0 800 FY 2006 Total, Major Items of Equipment ........................... 0 2,000 9,320 13,970 Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Expenses and Construction FY 2005 Congressional Budget Program Direction Funding Profile by...

...9,958 11,609 13,750 + 2,141 + 18.4% Full Time Equivalents ............. 57 60 70 + 10 + 16.7% Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits ................ 6,655 7,029 7,434 + 405 + 5.8% Travel...................................... 130 135...

...142 + 7 + 5.2% Support Services..................... 0 0 0 0 0.0% Other Related Expenses......... 970 1067 1,172 + 105 + 9.8% Total, Pittsburgh Naval Reactors..................... 7,755 8,231 8,748 + 517 + 6.3% Full...

...Time Equivalents.............. 70 70 70 0 0.0% Schenectady Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits................. 5,625 6,065 6,337 + 272 + 4.5% Travel...................................... 95 106 108 + 2 + 1.9% Support...

...Services .................... 0 0 0 + 0 0.0% Other Related Expenses......... 610 541 557 + 16 + 3.0% Total, Schenectady Naval Reactors..................... 6,330 6,712 7,002 + 290 + 4.3% Full...

...Time Equivalents.............. 64 64 64 0 0.0% Total Naval Reactors Program Salary and Benefits................. 20,805 22,086 23,971 + 1,885 + 8.5% Travel...................................... 755 791 810 + 19 + 2.4% Support...

...b 29,500 + 2,948 + 11.1% Full Time Equivalents..... 191 194 204 + 10 + 5.2% ______________________ a This reflects a $157,000 rescission. b This reflects a $148,000 rescission. Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget Description Due to...

...the critical nature of nuclear reactor work, Naval Reactors is a centrally managed organization. This places a heavy burden on the Federal employees who oversee and set policies/procedures for developing new reactor plants, operating...

...Federal regulatory agencies. The FY 2005 request includes requirements to support a full time equivalent increase of ten personnel to the Naval Reactors Program. Detailed Justification (dollars in thousands) Program Direction Salaries and...

...while in authorized travel status and other expenses incidental to travel. FY 2005 funding supports travel required for the management and oversight of the Naval Reactors Program, in addition to inflationary growth between FY 2005 and FY...

...2004. Support Services ............................................................. 0 0 0 Naval Reactors does not use Support Services contractors. Other Related Expenses................................................. 2,483 3,675 4,719...

...Program Direction............................................... 24,043a 26,552 b 29,500 FY 2003 FY 2004 FY 2005 Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes FY 2005 vs. FY 2004 ($000) � Salaries and Benefits...

...926 1,711 2,310 + 599 + 35.0% Total, Budget Authority.......................... 2,483 3,675 4,719 + 1,044 + 28.4% Naval Reactors/ FY 2005 Congressional Budget 05-D-900, Materials Development Facility Building, Schenectady, New York 1....

...Costs Design/Construction 2005 6,200 6,200 2,500 2006 9,900 9,900 8,000 2007 1,300 1,300 6,400 2008 0 0 500 Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2005 Congressional Budget 3. Project Description, Justification...

...and the Science Autoclave Facility and will consolidate materials/fabrication laboratory efforts into one facility. Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2005 Congressional Budget 4. Details of Cost Estimatea (...

...using conventional competitive contracting methods. a The cost estimate is based on conceptual design estimates. Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2005 Congressional Budget 6. Schedule of Project Funding...

...R cost (exclusive of utility cost) for operation, maintenance, and repair of the MDF. b Including utility cost for operation of the MDF which will begin in FY 2008. Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2005...

...Congressional Budget 90-N-102, Expended Core Facility Dry Cell, Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho 1. Construction Schedule History Fiscal Quarter Total Estimated Cost ($000) Total Project Cost ($000) A-E Work Initiated A-E Work Completed...

...definition of the design changes needed to address radiological contamination and facility throughput issues. Naval Reactors/ 90 N 102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2005 Congressional Budget 2. Financial Schedule (dollars in thousands) Fiscal Year...

...The revised systems will use proven fuel handling practices that are consistent with those used throughout the Naval Reactors Program. The complete facility will have a design life of at least 40 years. The Dry Cell Project consists of...

...the West End Modification. The Dry Cell task provides work areas and equipment needed to more efficiently handle Naval Reactors/ 90 N 102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2005 Congressional Budget expended nuclear cores. This task is being modified due to...

...from 96 percent based additional funds received in FY03 to accommodate work scope changes indicated in section 1. Naval Reactors/ 90 N 102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2005 Congressional Budget 4. Details of Cost Estimatea (dollars in thousands) Current...

...escalation rates assumed for FY 2004, FY 2005, FY 2006 and FY 2007 are 2.5%, 2.9%, 2.8% and 2.6%, respectively. Naval Reactors/ 90 N 102 ECF Dry Cell FY 2005 Congressional Budget c. Title III Support: By Engineering Services Subcontractor...

...enrichment plant and the decision to use Uranium recovered from retired nuclear weapons as starter material for naval nuclear reactors. TTC is intended for forward-fitting into VIRGINIA-class submarines, which is planned to be the mainstay...

...examination and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. As national security demands increase with...

...examination, and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Improve nuclear reactor core design and...

...materials development. Materials Development & Verification provides the high performance materials necessary to ensure naval nuclear reactor plants meet Navy goals for extended warship operation and greater power capabilities in the...

...examination and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Develop improved nuclear fuel, core and...

...and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Examine removed fuel cells at end-of-life and...

...reactor plant components, systems, and performance to ensure the operational safety and reliability of reactor plants for use in Naval nuclear powered warships so they can fulfill their national defense mission. A. Improve nuclear reactor...

...work encompasses the operation, maintenance, and servicing of land-based prototype naval nuclear propulsion plants and the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). It also includes the enhancement of Fleet reactor reliability and longevity through...

...for all naval nuclear propulsion wo rk, beginning with technology development, continuing through reactor operation and, ultimately, reactor plant disposal. The Program ensures the safe operation of reactor plants in operating nuclear-...

...that will improve the military characteristics and affordability of future Naval nuclear propulsion plants without compromising safety or performance. Specific reactor plant system and component design work is ongoing for application to...

...its national defense role. The safety record of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program is outstanding: nuclear- powered warships have steamed more than 128 million miles without a reactor accident or a significant release of radioactivity to...

...Knolls Atomic Power Laboratories, which are solely dedicated to naval nuclear propulsion work. Through these laboratories and testing conducted at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental...

...the operation of 103 reactors—equal to the number of commercially operated nuclear power plants in the United States. Naval nuclear power plants operate over lifetimes of up to five decades. Challenges to the reliability and integrity of...

...land-based prototype naval nuclear propulsion plants at the Kesselring site in New York, and also is the principal customer of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory....

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4Title:  FY 2006 Naval Reactors budget request Add
 Summary:  The fiscal year 2006 budget request for Naval Reactors. Beyond the primary goal of plant safety, the request describes NR's strategic efforts "to increase core energy, to achieve life-of-the-ship cores, and to eliminate the need to refuel nuclear powered ships" (557). These development efforts included the reactor plant design for the CVN 21 class (the A1B reactor) and the Transformational Technology Core (TTC) for Virginia-class fast attack submarines. One motive behind TTC described in the request was "the need to transition from 97 to 93 percent enriched Uranium fuel. This transition is necessitated by the shutdown of the high enrichment plant and the decision to use Uranium recovered from retired nuclear weapons as starter material for naval nuclear reactors" (558). The "Reactor Technology and Analysis" section provides more in-depth coverage of NR's TTC work. 
 Source:  http://www.mbe.doe.gov/budget/06budget/Content/Programs/Vol_1_NNSA_3.pdf 
 Date:   2005 
 Subject(s):  Budgetary information | Naval Reactors 
 
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...Naval Reactors Page...

...552 Naval Reactors FY 2006...

...Congressional Budget Naval Reactors Proposed Appropriation Language For Department...

...of Energy expenses necessary for naval reactors activities to carry out the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq. ), including the acquisition (by purchase, condemnation, construction, or otherwise) of real property,...

...from the language proposed in FY 2005 consists of a change to the requested funding amount. Page 553 Page 554 Naval Reactors Funding Profile by Activity FY 2004 a Comparable Appropriation FY 2005 Original Appropriation FY 2005 b Adjustments...

...Construction..................................................... 18,490 7,189 - 57 7,132 16,900 Subtotal, Naval Reactors Development........... 763,878 807,900 - 6,463 801,437 786,000 Less Use of prior year balances..................... -...

...2,006 0 0 0 0 Subtotal Adjustments....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 761,872 807,900 - 6,463 801,437 786,000 Naval Reactors Development (...

...NRD) Total, Naval Reactors..................................... (dollars in thousands)...

...FYNSP Schedule FYNSP Total Naval Reactors................. 786,000 803,165 820,722 838,681 857,052 4,105,620 (dollars in thousands) FY 2009 FY 2010FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 Public Law Authorization: Pub. L. 83-703, “Atomic Energy Act of...

...Act, (Public Law 108-137). b Reflects 0.8 percent rescission of $6,463,000 as directed in the Consolidated Appropriations Act (Public Law 108-447). Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional Budget Page 555 FY 2004 Execution (dollars in...

...thousands) Current FY 2004 Comp FY 2004 Approp Reprogramming Adjustment Comparable Naval Reactors NR O&M................................ 723,100 0 - 4,264 0 0 718,836 NR Program Direction............ 26,700...

...0 - 148 0 0 26,552 Construction........................... 18,600 0 - 110 0 0 18,490 Subtotal, Naval Reactors........ 768,400 0 - 4,522 0 0 763,878 Use of Prior...

...Year Balances.... 0 -2,000 0 -6 0 -2,006 Total, Naval Reactors............. 768,400 -2,000 -4,522 -6 0 761,872 Rescission Use of Prior Year Balances FY 2005 Execution (dollars in...

...2005 Enacted Approp Use of Prior Year Balance Rescission Reprogramming Comp Adjustments Current FY 2005 Comp Naval Reactors O&M......................... 771,211 0 -6,170 0 0 765,041 Construction ..........................................

...7,189 0 -57 0 0 7,132 NR Program Direction ....................... 29,500 0 -236 0 0 29,264 Subtotal, Naval Reactors .................... 807,900 0 -6,463 0 0 801,437 Use of prior...

...year balances ................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total, Naval Reactors......................... 807,900 0 -6,463 0 0 801,437 Mission Provide the Navy with safe, militarily effective nuclear...

...propulsion plants and ensure their continued safe and reliable operation. Naval Reactors is responsible...

...aircraft carriers (constituting 40 percent of the Navy’s combatants), and fulfills the Navy’s requirements for new nuclear propulsion plants that meet current and future national defense requirements. Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional...

...Budget Page 556 Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional Budget Benefits As the post-Cold War era evolves, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is working to provide the U.S....

...Navy with nuclear propulsion plants that are capable of responding to the challenges of the 21st century security environment. Program Goal, 03.49.00.00: The Naval Reactors program has one program goal which contributes to General...

...Goal 3 in the “goal cascade”: General Goal 3, Naval Reactors: Provide the Navy with safe, militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and ensure their continued safe...

...and reliable operation. Contribution to General Goal 03 Within the Naval Reactors program, the Plant Technology, Reactor Technology and Analysis, Materials Development and Verification, Evaluation and Servicing, Facility Operations,...

...and Program Direction subprograms each make unique contributions to Program Goal 03.49.00.00. Description Naval Reactors is principally a technology program in the business of power generation for military application. The Program’s...

...provides options for maintaining and upgrading current capabilities, as well as for meeting future threats to U.S. security. The Program’s number-one priority is ensuring the safety and reliability of the 103 operating naval reactor plants....

...Most of the work within the Naval Reactors Program is directed toward ensuring the safe, reliable operation of these plants. The presence of radiation dictates a careful, measured approach to developing and verifying nuclear technology,...

...size is down and national security demands require a higher operating tempo and greater speed during deployments. Naval Reactors is continuing development of a high energy reactor for CVN 21 and design of the new Transformational Technology...

...Core (TTC), which will provide an energy increase to VIRGINIA-class submarines. Page 557 Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional Budget The nuclear propulsion plant design of CVN 21 is well underway. The new high energy reactor design for CVN...

...is expected to be authorized in 2008 and to go to sea in 2015. To meet ever increasing national security demands, Naval Reactors is working on TTC to deliver an energy increase to future VIRGINIA-class submarines with minimal impact to the...

...fleet demands, including maintaining utilization factors of at least 90 percent for test reactor plants, and 121 million miles steamed for nuclear- powered ships. (MET GOAL) Naval Reactors safely steamed over two million miles in nuclear–...

...powered ships. (MET GOAL) Naval Reactors exceeded a 90% utilization factor for operation of test reactor plants. (MET GOAL) Completed safe steaming of approximately two million miles in nuclear-powered ships. (MET GOAL) Achieved a...

...MET GOAL) Operations had no adverse impact on human health or the quality of the environment. (MET GOAL) Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional Budget Page 559 Annual Performance Results and Targets (R = Results; T = Targets) Performance...

...R: 100% R: 100% T: 100% T: 100% T: 100% T: 100% T: 100% T: 100% T: 100% Annually, ensure that 100% of Program operations have no adverse impact on human health or the quality of the environment. Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional...

...Budget Page 560 Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional Budget...

...Means and Strategies The Naval Reactors program will use various means and strategies to achieve its program goals, including performing collaborative activities. The Program does not believe there are major external factors that could...

...all times. Therefore, any external factor seriously affecting either organization’s policies may have an impact on the Naval Reactors Program. The Department uses two Government-owned, contractor-operated laboratories, the Bettis and Knolls...

...and Construction Management, and the Department’s Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance. Naval Reactors evaluates the effectiveness, relevance, and progress towards achieving its goals, objectives, and targets...

...by conducting various internal and external reviews and audits. Naval Reactors Headquarters provides continuous oversight and direction for all elements of Program work. Owing to the nature of nuclear technology, a dedicated Government...

...Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program work, while on-site Headquarters representatives monitor the work at the laboratories, prototypes, shipyards, and prime contractors. Naval Reactors has a fully integrated long-range planning, budgeting, and...

...execution system. Through this system, Naval Reactors determines general work direction and associated funding needs; balances competing work...

...priorities against available funds; and establishes, monitors, and enforces performance Page 561 Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional Budget measures and controls. Work and funding priorities are established in relation to core mission. The...

...to evaluate any deficiencies. The resulting review process validates 100 percent of the budget twice a year and serves as Naval Reactors’ change control process. Funding by General and Program Goal (dollars in thousands) FY 2004 Approp...

...FY 2005 Approp. FY 2006 FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 General Goal 3: NAVAL REACTORS Total, Program Goal 3-49-00-00............................ 761,872 801,437 786,000 803,165 820,722 838,681 857,052 Annually, the Office of Procurement...

...required to pay for the Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) activities performed for the Department. The amount for Naval Reactors is $704,900 in FY 2005 and $712,700 in FY 2006. Congressionally Directed Activity: The FY 2005 Consolidated...

...Appropriations Act (H.R. 4818, P.L. 108-447) provides $10 million over the request and directs the Naval Reactors program to transfer these funds to the Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) to support the Idaho National Laboratory's Advanced Test...

...Reactor (ATR). These funds were transferred to NE in January 2005. Page 562 Naval Reactors Development\ Operations and Maintenance...

...FY 2006 Congressional Budget Naval Reactors Development – Operations and Maintenance Funding...

...Schedule by Activity (dollars in thousands) Naval Reactors Development FY 2004 a FY 2005 b FY 2006 $ Change % Change Plant Technology............................................. 130,625 154,256 143,800 -10,456 -6.8% Reactor Technology &...

...Facility Operations ......................................... 48,015 53,380 52,600 -780 -1.5% Total, Naval Reactors Development O&M ........................................ 718,836 765,041 738,800 -26,241 -3.4% _____________________ a...

...rescission of $6,170,000 as directed in the Consolidated Appropriations Act (Public Law 108-447). Page 563 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2006 Congressional Budget Detailed Justification Plant Technology Mission Supporting Goals/...

...susceptible to corrosion due to the intense boiling environment required to convert reactor heat to steam. Naval Reactors is pursuing technologies to greatly reduce corrosion through fundamental design changes in components and water...

...reliability of new instrumentation designs extend the long-term useable power obtained from the reactor. Page 564 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2006 Congressional Budget Plant Technology Funding Schedule FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 Plant...

...incorporating the latest technologies while remaining affordable. Initiate shipset fabrication. Page 565 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2006 Congressional Budget Plant Technology FY 2005 Initiate design concepts for a replacement solid...

...S9G new concept steam generator design necessary to support a longer lifetime associated with TTC. Page 566 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2006 Congressional Budget Plant Technology FY 2006 Begin development and testing of engineering...

...TTC performance. Complete the pre-production design of OHIO-class Generic I&C system equipment. Page 567 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2006 Congressional Budget Detailed Justification Reactor Technology and...

...are dependent on technological advancements. Fuel and core manufacturing limitations in previously designed naval reactor cores require compensatory margins in core designs and operating limits that constrain power density and life...

...the fuel to produce more energy-dense cores, such as TTC, at a lower operating cost with the new core designs. Naval Reactors also must develop and qualify reactor heavy equipment, including reactor vessels, closure heads, closure studs,...

...monitoring and ensure operations are conducted without adverse impact on employees or the environment. Page 568 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2006 Congressional Budget Funding Schedule FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 Reactor...

...environmental work. Continue to maintain strict accountability and handling methods for nuclear fuel. Page 569 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2006 Congressional Budget Continue to ensure compliance with all safety and...

...the TTC pressure vessel. Initiate thermal/structural analysis of the TTC closure head and core basket. Page 570 Naval Reactors/ Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2006 Congressional Budget Complete TTC core conceptual design and begin the...

...multi- channel analysis capability. Complete thermal structural analyses of the TTC core basket. Page 571 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2006 Congressional Budget Detailed Justification Materials Development and...

...of reactor and plant materials to extend the lifetime of the reactor, which is a collaborative effort between Naval Reactors’ atomic power laboratories, the Expended Core Facility, and the Advanced Test Reactor. An important objective of...

...of materials and processes to as low a level as possible, without compromising the continuous safe operation of naval reactor plants. To extend the lifetime of reactors, reduce costs, and achieve greater power capabilities, new materials...

...of improved plant materials and processes ensure that endurance requirements will be met. With MD&V funding, Naval Reactors will continue to provide high performance, cost effective reactor and plant materials that will meet the Navy’...

...s goals for extended warship operation and greater power capabilities. Page 572 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2006 Congressional Budget Materials Development and Verification Funding Schedule FY 2004 FY 2005 FY...

...the processes needed to qualify new materials and manufacturing methods for PWR designs beyond A1B. Page 573 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2006 Congressional Budget Materials Development and Verification...

...the refinement for the CINCH4 corrosion model, a computer code that models the corrosion of Zircaloy. Page 574 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2006 Congressional Budget Detailed Justification Evaluation and Servicing Mission...

...operating conditions. The Evaluation and Servicing category also funds ongoing cleanup of facilities at all Naval Reactors sites to reduce hazards to personnel, and reduce potential liabilities due to aging facilities, changing conditions...

...Windsor site in Connecticut; (6) continue inactivation efforts at the Kesselring site (KSO) in New York and the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF) in Idaho to eliminate surplus facilities, remediate and dismantle plant facilities, and release...

...servicing systems and procedures that ensure the safe processing and storage of spent naval fuel. Vital to Naval Reactors, E&S funding will continue to support the Program’s tradition of safety, reliability, and technical excellence...

...through operation, maintenance, remediation, and cleanup of land- based test facilities. Page 575 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2006 Congressional Budget Evaluation and Servicing Funding Schedule FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006...

...and plant performance evaluations supporting S8G end-of-life Reactor Systems Performance Analysis. Page 576 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2006 Congressional Budget Evaluation and Servicing FY 2005 Initiate the remediation of...

...of potential future deployment to the fleet and continue testing with a new integrated sample sink system. Page 577 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation and Servicing FY 2006 Congressional Budget Evaluation and Servicing Continue remediation of KSO...

...ECF radiological systems no longer in use, including, but not limited to, Water Pit #1 remediation. Page 578 Naval Reactors FY 2006 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes FY 2006 vs. FY 2005 ($000) ? Plant Technology...

...in thousands) Total Prior Estimated Year Unappropriated Cost (TEC) Appropriations FY 2004 FY 2005 FY 2006 Balances Naval Reactors 90-N-102 Expended Core Facility Dry Cell ......................... 109,371 90,198 18,192 981 0 0 03-D-201...

...Office....................... Building #2............... 7,000 0 0 0 7,000 0 Total, Construction............. 97,351 18,490 7,132 16,900 1,300 Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Expenses and Construction FY 2006 Congressional Budget Page...

...580 Major Items of Equipment (TEC $2 million or greater) Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Expenses and Construction FY 2006 Congressional Budget Total Total Prior- Project Estimated Year Acceptance Cost (TPC) Cost (TEC) Appropriations Date...

...0 0 0 0 0.0% Other Related Expenses............... 1067 1,127 1,159 + 32 + 2.8% Total, Pittsburgh Naval Reactors........................... 8,231 9,058 9,409 + 351 + 3.9% Full Time Equivalents.................. 70 73 73 0 0.0% Salary and...

...0 0 0 + 0 0.0% Other Related Expenses............... 541 543 550 + 7 + 1.3% Total, Schenectady Naval Reactors........................... 6,712 6,811 7,015 + 204 + 3.0% Full Time Equivalents.................. 64 64 64 0 0.0% Salary and...

...0 0.0% Other Related Expenses............... 3,675 4,660 4,888 + 228 + 4.9% 26,552 29,264 30,300 + 1,036 + 3.5% Full Time Equivalents........ 194 204 204 + 0 + 0.0% $ Change % Change Program Direction Headquarters Pittsburgh Naval Reactors...

...Schenectady Naval Reactors...

...Total Naval Reactors Program Total, Program Direction ______________________ a Reflects rescission of $148,000 as directed in the Energy and Water Development Appropriation Act, (Public Law 108-137)....

...b Reflects 0.8 percent rescission of $236,000 as directed in the Consolidated Appropriations Act (Public Law 108-447). Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2006...

...Congressional Budget Page 583 Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2006 Congressional Budget Description Due...

...to the crucial nature of nuclear reactor work, Naval Reactors is a centrally managed organization. This places a heavy burden on the Federal employees who oversee and set policies/procedures for developing new reactor plants, operating...

...these employees interface with other DOE offices and local, state, and Federal regulatory agencies. In FY 2006, Naval Reactors Program Direction will provide $110,965 for deployment (operating and maintenance costs), of the Standard...

...The total NNSA contribution is $1,306,000 for STARS and $1,957,753 for E-Government initiatives. Page 584 Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2006 Congressional Budget Detailed Justification (dollars in thousands) Program Direction FY 2004...

...while in authorized travel status and other expenses incidental to travel. FY 2006 funding supports travel required for the management and oversight of the Naval Reactors Program, in addition to inflationary growth between FY 2005 and FY...

...2006. Support Services ............................................................. 0 0 0 Naval Reactors does not use Support Services contractors. Other Related Expenses ................................................. 3,675 4,660 4,888...

...area network. Total, Program Direction............................................... 26,552 29,264 30,300 Page 585 Naval Reactors/ Program Direction FY 2006 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes FY 2006 vs. FY 2005 ($000) ?...

...+788 ? Travel The change is due to increased travel requirements for the management and oversight of the Naval Reactors Program and to adjustments in accordance with allowable...

...+ 46 + 2.0% Total, Budget Authority................................ 3,675 4,660 4,888 + 228 + 4.9% Page 586 Naval Reactors/ 06-D-901 Central Office Building 2 FY 2006 Congressional Budget 06-D-901, Central Office Building 2, Bettis Atomic...

...3Q FY 2005. No funding will be used for construction until the Performance Baseline has been validated. Page 587 Naval Reactors/ 06-D-901 Central Office Building 2 FY 2006 Congressional Budget relocation of personnel who are displaced while...

...scientists and professionals that are needed to meet the high goals, standards, and increasing needs of the Naval Reactors program. Project Scope Central Office Building 2 (COB-2) will be a three-story office building at the Bettis Atomic...

...5,850 0 Contingencies Construction Phase (16.4% of TEC) 1,150 0 Total, Line Item Costs (TEC) 7,000 0 Page 588 Naval Reactors/ 06-D-901 Central Office Building 2 FY 2006 Congressional Budget 5. Method of Performance The A/E Title I and II...

...Operating Costs (operating from FY 2007 through FY 2037)..................................... 7,320 N/A Page 589 Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2006 Congressional Budget 05-D-900, Materials Development...

...amount of $6,200,000 was reduced by $49,000 by a rescission of 0.8 percent (Public Law 108-447). Page 590 Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2006 Congressional Budget 3. Project Description, Justification...

...building. All of these alternatives have higher life cycle costs and do not meet laboratory needs. Page 591 Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2006 Congressional Budget 4. Details of Cost Estimate (dollars...

...and major equipment installations will be performed using conventional competitive contracting methods. Page 592 Naval Reactors/ 05-D-900 Materials Development Facility Building FY 2006 Congressional Budget 6. Schedule of Project Funding (...

...enrichment plant and the decision to use Uranium recovered from retired nuclear weapons as starter material for naval nuclear reactors. TTC is intended for forward-fitting into VIRGINIA-class submarines, which is planned to be the mainstay...

...for all naval nuclear propulsion work, beginning with reactor technology development, continuing through reactor operation, and ending with reactor plant disposal. The Program ensures the safe operation of reactor plants in operating...

...and operational oversight of nuclear propulsion plants for naval vessels. Through these laboratories, and through testing conducted at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), the Department will...

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5Title:  FY 2002 Naval Reactors budget request Add
 Summary:  This budget document describes Naval Reactors' budget needs as of the first half of 2001. The evaluation and servicing section provides information on the state of the prototype plants (with S8G and MARF in use) and the work to deplete the Advanced Fleet Reactor (the S6W core, installed in the S8G prototype) for core testing purposes. The document provides a good overview of the current and in-development technologies being supported by NR in 2001. 
 Source:  http://www.cfo.doe.gov/budget/02budget/nvlreact/nvlreact.pdf 
 Date:   2001 
 Subject(s):  Budgetary information | Naval Reactors 
 
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(194 hits in text)     

...0 0 0 Naval Reactors does not use Support Services contractors. Other Related Expenses. . . . . . . ....

...70 71 71 0 0% Schenectady Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

...495 490 595 +105 +21.4% Total, Schenectady Naval Reactors. . . . . . . . 5,285 5,540 6,000 +460 0.083 Full Time Equivalents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

...8,270 8,460 9,160 +700 +8.3% Full Time Equivalents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 56 56 0 0% Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits. . . . ....

...1,055 0 0 0 0% Full Time Equivalents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 0 0 0 0% Total Naval Reactors Program Salary and Benefits. . . . . . . . ....

...0 0 0 0 0% Other Related Expenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 570 950 +380 +66.7% Total, Pittsburgh Naval Reactors. . . . . . . . . . 5,990 6,315 7,440 +1,125 +17.8% Full Time Equivalents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

...20,600 20,315 22,600 +2285 +11.2% Full Time Equivalents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 191 191 0 0% Naval Reactors/Program Direction FY 2002 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY...

...additional explanation, please refer to classified addendum. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget B. Develop instrumentation and control equipment to replace obsolete...

...$111,025 $118,200 $116,000 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes from FY 2001 to FY 2002 FY 2002 vs. FY 2001 ($000) # I.A Reflects completion of tube deposition corrosion testing, and...

...$124,400 $124,600 $132,700 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes from FY 2001 to FY 2002 FY 2002 vs. FY 2001 ($000) # I.A. FY 01 amount reflects additional work...

...17,222 Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Expenses & Construction Summary FY 2002 Congressional Budget Capital Operating Expenses & Construction Summary Capital Operating Expenses (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY2001 FY 2002 $...

...expectedtobecompleted. The annual escalation rates assumed for FY 2001 and FY 2002 are 2.5% and 2.6%, respectively. | a Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 — ECF Dry Cell FY 2002 Congressional Budget 4.DetailsofCostEstimatea (dollarsinthousands)...

...acquisitions. Total, Program Direction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,600 20,315 22,600 Naval Reactors/Program Direction FY 2002 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes FY 2001 to FY 2002 FY02 vs....

...and a shift in procurement responsibility for NR Headquarters’ computer acquisitions. Total Funding Change, Naval Reactors Program Direction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +2285 Other Related Expenses (dollars in thousands) FY...

...25,700 Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget The following funding profiles for the development of the next generation reactor for the VIRGINIA class of submarines and a new reactor plant...

...class aircraft carriers are subsets of the above funding matrix. Much of the technology is generic in nature as Naval reactor plant types are based on pressurized water reactor technology. As such, demarcating work between plant types and...

...Total, Reactor Technology & Analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .196,000 216,900 226,000 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget Explanation of Funding Changes from FY 2001 to FY 2002...

...Total Funding Change, Reactor Technology & Analysis:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +9,100 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY...

...and dispose of minor reactor plant components and waste. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget C. Continue inactivation efforts in Idaho to eliminate surplus...

...completion of defueling of the second A1W reactor, all fuel has now been removed from the prototype plants at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF). Requirements thus decline substantially. The plants are now in a safe layup condition, with all...

...of D2W prototype, A4W/A1G prototype, and S5G prototype cores. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & amp; Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget FY 2002 Provide support for shipping of all hazardous and...

...Naval Reactors’ staffing projections are in accordance with the employment ceiling established in the Department’s Workforce 21 Plan. The change is due to projected salary adjustments in accordance with allowable inflation....

...80,000 117,000 141,000 In FY 2002, Naval Reactors will implement a fellowship program for students enrolled in nuclear science and engineering programs....

...This program is intended to attract qualified nuclear engineering graduates to Naval Reactors= laboratories....

...In recent years Naval Reactors has encountered increased difficulty in attracting and retaining the highly...

...skilled workforce needed to support the unique technological activities of the Naval Reactors= p ogram. Declining enrollments in nuclear engineering departments across the United States and the declining number of university departments...

...20,000 21,100 21,100 The first cores Naval Reactors developed had expected service lives of two years. Subsequent research and development has resulted in core service lives of over twenty years, and current development will deliver a life-...

...2,200 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget Materials Development & Verification Mission Supporting Goals and Objectives Materials Development & Verification provides the high...

...for extended warship operation by d eveloping Ensuringmaterials that will withstand the rigors of the harsh naval reactor plant environment -- irradiation, high temperature, high pressure, and corrosion -- for fifty-plus years. Submarine...

...For additional explanation, please refer to classified addendum. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget B. Test and evaluate plant materials to...

...additional explanation, please refer to classified addendum. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget C. Conduct irradiations testing and perform...

...Total Funding Change, Materials Development & Verification:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . + 6,304 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget Evaluation & Servicing Mission Supporting Goals and...

...161,900 149,563 132,341 -17,222 -11.5% Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 I. Maintain a utilization factor of at least 90%...

...32,000 33,100 33,100 Naval Reactors operates the MARF and S8G prototypes on an around-the-clock basis to test and evaluate new/improved equipment, components, materials and operating procedures. Each prototype provides a unique testing...

...Building. . . . . . . . 12,400 0 0 1,297 9,000 2,100 Total, Construction 68,746 15,000 17,262 13,200 2,100 Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Expenses & Construction Summary FY 2002 Congressional Budget Major Items of Equipment (TEC $2...

...and repair.a Includes electrical power, steam heat, and maintenance items such as utility lines, valves, and pumps.b Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 — ECF Dry Cell FY 2002 Congressional Budget 7.RelatedAnnualFundingRequirements (FY 2002dollarsin...

...incidental to travel. FY 2001 travel funding supports trips required to provide management and oversight of the Naval Reactors Program. A small decrease is projected due to the net effect of relinquishing budget responsibility for the ten...

...include control rod, manifold and core structural processes. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget II. Complete scheduled design, analysis, and testing...

...and intiate reactor vessel and closure head fabrication process. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget B. Perform physics testing and analysis to confirm...

...data from late-in-life operation of the S8G prototype core. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget C. Conduct reactor safety and shielding analyses for...

...13,000 13,800 13,800 Naval Reactors conducts reactor safety analyses of all plants and new core designs to ensure that operation of the reactor plants poses no threat to operators or to the public. Safety assessments are conducted for...

...operability and serviceability prior to fleet implementation. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget B. Service land-based test reactor plants to ensure they...

...and efficient servicing of nuclear reactor plants.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18,000 5,606 6,100 Naval Reactors performs major servicings on the prototypes to ensure continued safe and reliable operation of these crucial test...

...Supporting Activities: All Years Meet operating efficiency goals. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget II. Meet cost and schedule goals to safely and...

...of NRF buildings no longer needed to support the NRF mission. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget III. Ensure no personnel exceed Federal limits for...

...activities at NRF site. Disposition ECF radiological systems and areas no longer in use. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget IV. Conduct planned development,...

...significantlyreducesthesedisadvantages.Thistaskiscomplete. Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 — ECF Dry Cell FY 2002 Congressional Budget TheEastEndModificationtaskprovidesfacilitiesandequipmentforloadingdrystoragecontainers.An...

...to support equipment design and confirm systemc operations, for facility startup, and for operator training. Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 — ECF Dry Cell FY 2002 Congressional Budget 6.ScheduleofProjectFunding (dollarsinthousands) PriorYears FY...

...Naval Reactors/Appropriation Language FY...

...2002 Congressional Budget Naval Reactors Proposed Appropriation Language For Department...

...of Energy expenses necessary for naval reactors activities to carry out the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq. ), including the acquisition (by purchase, condemnation, construction, or otherwise) of real property,...

...equipment, facilities, and facility expansion, [$690,163,000,] $688,045,000, to remain available until expended. (Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 2001 as enacted by section 1(a)(2) of P.L. 106-377. ) Naval Reactors FY 2002...

...Congressional Budget Naval Reactors Program...

...Mission Naval Reactors is responsible...

...carriers, and have fulfilled the Navy=s requirem nts for new reactors to meet evolving national defense demands. Naval Reactors is principally a technology program in the business of power generation for military application. The Program=s...

...complex components require many years of effort before technological advances can be introduced into the fleet. With 97 operating Naval reactor plants in warships comprising 40% of the Navy=s major combatants, primary emphasis and most...

...effort is placed on ensuring the safety and reliability of these plants. Naval Reactors is developing the next generation reactor for the Navy=s new VIRGINIA class attack submarines and a reactor for the Navy=s new CVNX class of aircraft...

...well along and proceeding on schedule. The lead submarine incorporating this plant is expected to go to sea in 2004. Naval Reactors is designing and developing an overall new reactor for the new CVNX class aircraft carriers. This new design...

...in the current NIMITZ class are a 1960's design, and have no more margin for growth in power output; this means Naval Reactors can no longer incorporate technical advances which would provide substantial life cycle cost savings, improved...

...The location of the propulsion plant in the ship means the shipbuilder needs the components early in construction. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget Program Goal Facilitate U.S. national security through the application of nuclear...

...endurance and acoustic measures. Despite the cross benefits, separate strategies are appropriate since they support Naval Reactors= major goals. Where efforts overlap multiple strategies and goals, the work is identified under the strategy...

...into the detailed program justifications within the budget. Thus, within each of the Detailed Program Justifications, Naval Reactors identifies the relevant strategies from the following list, the principal activity areas which exist within...

...each strategy (summarized below), and verifiable supporting activities for each area. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget # Conduct planned development, testing, examination and evaluation...

...effects of wear, corrosion, high temperature, and pressure over a lifetime measured in decades. In addition, naval reactor plants must be rugged enough to accommodate ships= pitching and rolling; have the resilience to respond to rapidly-...

...of new and existing materials to verify acceptable lifetime performance and to improve predictive capabilities. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget < Test and evaluate plant materials to characterize the long term effects of the...

...systems, and performance to ensure the operational safety and reliability of reactor plants for use in Navy nuclear powered warships so they can fulfill their national defense mission. Naval Reactors is responsible for the operation of...

...safe operation and improve reactor plant chemistry controls to reduce corrosion and plant radiation levels. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget # Accomplish planned core and reactor component/system design and technology development...

...multiplier. This capability must be maintained in the face of ever improving means of detection. In order to do so, Naval Reactors must ensure the reactor components and systems used in submarines meet tightening Navy operating parameters...

...planned tests of cores, components, systems, materials, and operating procedures, and for scheduled training, and provide for development of servicing equipment to help ensure reactor safety and reliability. Naval Reactors has two operating...

...The prototype plants are an essential component in meeting Naval Reactors' mission of ensuring the...

...safe and reliable operation of Naval reactor plants. Prototypes provide platforms for conducting testing under actual operating conditions, which can not be duplicated in the laboratory. This testing yields important technical data and...

...in the S8G prototype plant. The prototypes also are used to train Navy nuclear plant operators. In 2000, Naval Reactors celebrated the milestone of 100,000 Navy nuclear power plant operators trained in the Program=s rigorous pipeline....

...is a measure of prototype and ATR availability for planned testing, training, or maintenance. To meet this goal, Naval Reactors must be forward thinking in identifying potential problems before they occur. At the end of life, a servicing...

...procedures are prepared to cover use of the equipment. The following are principal activity areas for this strategy: Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget < Operate the prototype plants to provide component and core depletion data...

...shutdown land-based reactor plants in support of the Program’s and Department's environmental clean-up goals. Naval Reactors has shutdown six prototype plants no longer required for testing. These six plants are located at three sites....

...effort. With the shutdown of the S1C plant, there is no future need for the Windsor Site in Connecticut. As such, Naval Reactors has demolished all structures, remediated the area, recycled/disposed of waste material, and is releasing the...

...for unrestricted use. While the S3G and D1G prototype plants at the Kesselring Site in New York are shutdown, Naval Reactors is still operating two prototype plants at that site. Thus, the intent has been to dismantle the shutdown plants,...

...for potential future use. The original intent was to complete the overall inactivation effort by 2002. To date, Naval Reactors has made good progress -- defueled all seven reactors (one plant has two reactors) with work well underway...

...on the other aspects of inactivation. At the NRF site in Idaho, Naval Reactors has shutdown all three plants -- S5G, S1W, and A1W; however, the Expended Core Facility will continue to operate at that site for the long term. As a result, and...

...York to eliminate surplus facilities, remediate and dismantle plant facilities and release applicable areas. < Continue inactivation efforts at the Naval Reactors Facility in Idaho to eliminate surplus facilities, remediate and dismantle...

...plant facilities and release applicable areas. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget # Maintain outstanding environmental performance through radiological, environmental and safety...

...monitoring and continue clean up of Program facilities. Naval Reactors continues to have an outstanding environmental performance record, despite today...

...=s stricter government regulations. Naval Reactors cleans up after itself in a rigorous, environmentally safe, and correct manner - including properly maintaining our facilities. The Program has established environmental compliance programs...

...efficient power source, and is environmentally less damaging than other sources. With regard to radiation, Naval Reactors has an aggressive program to minimize exposure to as low as reasonably achievable such that since 1980 no Program...

...reduce hazards to personnel, and reduce potential liabilities due to changing conditions or accidental releases. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget Performance Measure Funding Matrix FY 2002 Budget Categories (dollars in thousands)...

...and completion of advanced steam generator feasibility testing. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Continue steam generator...

...45,000 48,100 44,938 Naval reactor plant operators rely on instrumentation to monitor plant conditions, take corrective action, and determine position and speed of the control rods used regulate reactor output. Safe and reliable operation...

...reflects completion of CVNX non-generic I&C specification. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Conduct testing of various...

...For additional explanation, please refer to classified addendum. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget C. Develop and test reactor plant components and applicable...

...which address known limitations and improve performance and reliability of components. 35,025 35,100 39,400 Naval Reactors evaluates current technologies and applies them to develop simpler components which maximize plant efficiency,...

...effort for development of CVNX reactor fluid system components. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Develop acceptance test...

...effort of CVNX main coolant pump and procure long lead material. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget D. Perform reactor plant analyses to assure safe operation and...

...test facilities and operating plants. Detailed reactor system performance analyses are also performed to ensure naval reactor plants are safe during normal, transient and casualty conditions. The performance analyses establish operating...

...system analyses and advances in metallurgy discussed in the Materials Development and Verification category, Naval Reactors has consistently kept radiation levels well below regulatory requirements while enhancing reliability and reducing...

...maintenance costs. FY 2002 amount reflects minor scope changes. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Incorporate results of...

...engineering graduates. In addition, only a fraction of the available graduates are suitable for employment in the Naval Reactors program due to considerations of citizenship, geographical location, areas of specialty and academic standards....

...Fellowships will be provided to Masters and Doctoral degree candidates. Naval Reactors will pursue 9 fellowships to be awarded in FY 2002 for the 2001/2002 school year. For the subsequent years, FY 2003 through FY 2005, the numbers of...

...with 15 awards per year in the future. Significant Accomplishments and Program Shifts The primary emphasis of Naval Reactors= effort, as always, will continue to be operating reactor safety and reliability. For new reactor development, CVNX...

...as efforts come to fruition or are cut back due to funding constraints. # Extend warship operational lifetime: Naval Reactors continues to develop improved manufacturing processes and analytical methods for reactor core design. Irradiation...

...that selected LOS ANGELES class submarine lives could be extended by 10 percent) provides a distinct economic Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget advantage while improving projected force levels for the national defense. Moreover,...

...33 years without a core refueling. # Ensure safety and reliability of reactor plants in the Navy=s warships: Naval Reactors continues to maintain its record of no nuclear accident or significant release of radioactivity to the environment...

...carriers as necessary to maintain safe operation and preserve core life. # Develop the next generation reactor for the Virginia class attack submarines: Naval Reactors expects to exceed the 90% completion goal for this plant during FY 2000....

...DOE-cognizant development work is mostly complete, but some confirmatory testing is still necessary. Naval Reactors continues to support the Navy=s schedule for construction of the lead ship. Navy vendors are fabricating all major...

...new reactor plant will be completed during 2000, and development of system diagrams will continue through 2001. Naval Reactors will develop this reactor without the need for a prototype power unit (nuclear core and related equipment). This...

...making them very advantageous and versatile warships for the Navy. Stealth means submarines can go places other Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget warships cannot and also operate without military support. This gives the Navy an...

...corresponding work to preserve stealth. The reactor and associated equipment are potential major sources of noise. Naval Reactors has been able, through an aggressive analytical and component/systems development effort, to help the Navy...

...operations: The two remaining prototype test reactors and the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) have a key role in achieving Naval Reactors= obj ctive. The two prototypes are the only means of testing components and systems in a full plant under...

...operations). The ATR is the primary facility available for irradiation testing - - an important consideration given Naval Reactors= d pendence on such data. The intent, which the Program has been able to achieve for the two prototypes, is...

...irradiation tests which are conducted there. # Inactivate shutdown test reactor plants: As a cost-saving initiative, Naval Reactors previously shut down six of eight land-based prototype plants. Good progress is being made in inactivating...

...upkeep) will be remediated as additional resources are available. # Maintain outstanding environmental performance: Naval Reactors has had no significant findings from state and Federal regulatory inspections, nor any radiation exposure to...

...of the 300 millirem of radiation exposure received by an average American in one year due to radiation naturally present in the environment. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget Funding Profile (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001...

...FY 2001 FY 2002 Comparable* Original Comparable* Budget Appropriation Appropriation Adjustments Appropriation Request Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors Development (NRD) Plant Technology 111,025 118,200 0 118,200 116,000 Reactor Technology & Analysis 196,000 216,900 0 216,900 226,000 Materials Development & Verification 121,400 127,600 -3,000 124,600 130,904...

...1,480 0 Subtotal, NRD 650,122 673,200 -5,955 667,245 665,445 Program Direction 19,515 21,400 -1,085 20,315 22,600 Subtotal, Naval Reactors 669,637 694,600 -7,040 687,560 688,045 Adjustments General Reduction, S&S 0 -4,437 +4,437 0 0 Use...

...of prior year balances 0 0 0 0 0 Subtotal, adjustments 0 -4,437 +4,437 0 0 Total, Naval Reactors 669,637 690,163 -2,603 687,560 688,045 Public Law Authorization: Pub. L. 83-703, AAtomic Energy Act of 1954" Executive Order 12344 (42 U.S.C....

...L. 106-65, ANational Defense Authorization Act of 2000", Title 32, ANational Nuclear Security Administration” Naval Reactors’ FY 2002 budget request includes approximately $0.6M for preliminary design of a cleanroom technology facility for...

...testing. Construction funds for the facility will be requested for FY 2003. _______________________ * “Comparable” columns do not account for the effect of inflation. Naval Reactors’ FY 2002 request represents a reduction of about $20M from...

...FY 2001 funding in real terms. Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional Budget Funding by Site (dollars in thousands)...

...FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 $ Change % Change Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory...

...335,500 349,018 357,540 8,522 2.4% Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office 7,800 6,200 7,600...

...1,400 22.6% Total, Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office 343,300 355,218 365,140 9,922 1.8% Idaho Operations Office Idaho National Engineering & Environmental Laboratory 51,100 52,147 51,951 -196...

...3.8% Idaho Operations Office 1,000 0 0 0 0% Total, Idaho Operations Office 52,100 52,147 51,951 -196 3.8% Schenectady Naval Reactors Office Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory...

...261,000 266,079 254,004 -12,075 -4.5% Schenectady Naval Reactors Office 6,000 5,600 5,900...

...300 5.4% Total, Schenectady Naval Reactors Office 267,000 271,679 259,904 -11,775 -4.3% Washington Headquarters 11,100 8,515 9,150 635 7.5% All Other...

...Sites 1,625 1,519 1,900 381 25.0% Omnibus .22% rescission 0 -1,518 0 1,518 100.0% Subtotal, Naval Reactors Development 675,125 687,560 688,045 485 0.1% Use of...

...prior year balances 0 0 0 0 0% Total, Naval Reactors Development 675,125 687,560...

...688,045 485 0.1% Naval Reactors FY 2002 Congressional...

...Budget Site Description Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office This Office oversees the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory. Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory This laboratory is one of two government-owned, contractor-operated laboratories solely...

...oversees operation of the INEEL Advanced Test Reactor. Idaho National Engineering & Environmental Laboratory Naval Reactors is the primary customer for the INEEL=s Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). The ATR, which offers high thermal neutron...

...on the performance of reactor fuel, poison, and structural materials under irradiated conditions. Schenectady Naval Reactors Office This Office oversees the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory This is the other...

...the Kesselring Site for operational testing of new technologies under typical operating conditions prior to fleet introduction. Washington Headquarters This is Naval Reactors Headquarters in Arlington, Virginia, which administers the Naval...

...Nuclear Propulsion Program. Naval Reactors/ Plant Technology FY 2002 Congressional Budget Plant Technology Mission Supporting Goals and Objectives Plant Technology focuses on the of development, testing and analysis of components and...

...the intense boiling environment required to convert reactor heat to steam. To deal with this continuing issue, Naval Reactors is pursuing technologies to greatly reduce corrosion through fundamental design changes. Reactor machinery, such...

...111,025 118,200 116,000 -2200 -1.9% Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget Reactor Technology & Analysis Mission Supporting Goals and Objectives The work in this category focuses on ensuring the...

...FY 2001 FY 2002 $ Change % Change Total, Reactor Technology and Analysis 196,000 216,900 226,000 +9,100 4.2% Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification (dollars in thousands)...

...Requirements reflect acceleration of the CVNX test program. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Incorporate...

...testing. Finalize and issue CVNX core design recommendation. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget B. Evaluate and test improved core manufacturing...

...process improvements which are now feasible because of the availability of new technologies. Previously designed naval reactor cores develop certain attributes after operation because of manufacturing process limitations. Consequently,...

...more accurate control rod position indicator is being developed to meet improved plant control and safety goals. Naval Reactors also must develop and qualify reactor heavy equipment, including reactor vessels, closure heads, closure studs,...

...dimensional structural analyses will be developed and applied. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Continue...

...limited in their ability to accurately predict core physics performance in later phases of life. Consequently, Naval Reactors is developing improved methods and tools to ensure continued safe and reliable operation at stages in life which...

...physics methods use approximations which limit design precision and require allowances be built into the design. Naval Reactors is developing advanced nuclear design methods and software that use fewer approximations resulting in reduced...

...neutron cross-sections, are needed to improve performance of existing core designs and to optimize new core designs. Therefore, Naval Reactors is working to identify and perform experimental programs that would lead to improvements in this...

...area. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Evaluate physics data from late-in-life operation of the advanced...

...For additional explanation, please refer to classified addendum. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Complete...

...radiation analyses for current and future shield design. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget III. Accomplish planned core and reactor component/system...

...For additional explanation, please refer to classified addendum. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/Reactor Technology & Analysis FY 2002 Congressional Budget IV. Ensure no personnel exceed Federal limits for...

...materials must be properly controlled to protect the health and safety of workers, the public and the environment. Naval Reactors enforces strict compliance with requirements for management and disposal of radioactive, hazardous and mixed...

...of materials and processes to as low a level as possible, without compromising the continuous safe operation of naval reactors. Work in this category is divided into three areas: core and reactor structural materials, plant materials, and...

...on material performance. Materials Development & Verification provides the high performance materials necessary for naval reactor plant applications in the most economical manner possible. Funding Schedule (dollars in thousands) FY...

...FY 2002 $ Change % Change Total, Materials Development & Verification 124,400 124,600 130,904 +6,304 5.1% Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget Detailed Program Justification (dollars in...

...This demand is further exacerbated by their need to endure this harsh environment over increasing time periods. Naval Reactors is pursuing the development and testing of economically attractive materials with improved physical or nuclear...

...materials, combined with potentially less cumbersome cost-saving processes, are being evaluated for application to naval reactor development. Where appropriate, manufacturing and other process development is qualified and processes released...

...and assembling the collected data into sound predictive models. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: Materials...

...can lead to reduced performance, shorter lifetime, increased maintenance, or component failure. Consequently, Naval Reactors focuses on developing and qualifying high integrity, corrosion resistant materials that will provide performance...

...and sufficient endurance to support increasingly longer lived nuclear cores. Naval Reactors employs various methods to test, evaluate, and develop improved plant materials. For example, autoclave corrosion test facilities are used to create...

...For additional explanation, please refer to classified addendum. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: Because...

...The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, is Naval Reactors’ main source of data on the performance of reactor materials under irradiated conditions. The ATR produces very high...

...individual test train’s internal arrangement and location in the ATR determines exposure to specific conditions. Naval Reactors continues to develop enhanced systems for irradiation testing with precise temperature control and environmental...

...work to combine test assemblies into an integrated test vehicle. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Materials Development & Verification FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: Testing...

...and new designs under prototypical operating conditions, and the preservation of environmental quality at all Naval Reactors sites. Evaluation and Servicing supports the performance measures for ensuring maximum availability of prototype...

...operating plants, expended core examinations, and increases in the capability of computer modeling have enabled Naval Reactors to shut down six of the Program's eight prototype plants resulting in substantial cost savings. Work is aimed at...

...improve future designs. The Evaluation and Servicing category also funds ongoing cleanup of facilities at all Naval Reactors sites to reduce hazards to personnel, and reduce potential liabilities due to aging facilities, changing conditions...

...are conducted multiple times over the life of the core to verify predicted behaviors as the fuel depletes. Naval Reactors performs routine maintenance and repairs on the MARF and S8G prototypes, while also making necessary replacements and...

...manuals to reflect changes in operating and test procedures. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Deplete the MARF...

...provide invaluable information on extending the life of the system and the components which make up the system. Naval Reactors ensures the feasibility of defueling and refueling operations is taken into consideration as part of design and...

...development of conceptual designs for the servicing features and equipment for the CVNX reactor. Specifically, Naval Reactors is progressing well on the next generation reactor servicing design, a design whose serviceability should decrease...

...reactor. FY 02 adjustment based on changes in servicing work. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Conduct a major...

...16,900 18,000 18,000 As the principal customer of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), Naval Reactors funds operation and maintenance of the reactor to support materials irradiations testing. This is the only facility in the Nation capable of...

...The ATR is the source of test data on the performance of reactor fuel, poison, and structural materials under irradiated conditions. The irradiation test program supports operating Naval reactor plants, material selections made for the next...

...generation reactor, and database development that positions Naval Reactors to better understand emergent problems with existing reactors and to make informed material selections for new reactor designs....

...reflect completion of selected remediation activities in FY01. (dollars in thousands) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Naval Reactors/ Evaluation & Servicing FY 2002 Congressional Budget Verifiable Supporting Activities: FY 2000 Conduct...

...Design. In addition, the TEC and schedule reflect completion of the West End Modification Title I| Design. | Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 — ECF Dry Cell FY 2002 Congressional Budget 90-N-102,ExpendedCoreFacilityDryCell,NavalReactors Facility,...

...2000 2Q 1993 4Q 2002 86,846 98,694d FY 2002BudgetRequest| 1Q 1990 2Q 2000 2Q 1993 4Q 2002 88,246 99,907e Naval Reactors/ 90-N-102 — ECF Dry Cell FY 2002 Congressional Budget 2.FinancialSchedule (dollarsinthousands) FiscalYear Appropriations...

...TheDryCellanddryloadingstationsareuniquefacilitiesandsimilarsystemsandspacearenotavailable atotherFederalScientificLaboratories. Naval Reactors/ 01-D-200 Replacement Office Building FY 2002 Congressional Budget 01-D-200,Major...

...Obligations Costs Design/Construction 2001 1,297 1,297 900 2002 9,000 9,000 3,650 2003 2,100 2,100 7,850 Naval Reactors/ 01-D-200 Replacement Office Building FY 2002 Congressional Budget 3.ProjectDescription,JustificationandScope A...

...and greatlyimprovetheorganizationalgroupingofpersonnel,thusimprovingworkforcefficiencies. Naval Reactors/ 01-D-200 Replacement Office Building FY 2002 Congressional Budget 4.DetailsofCostEstimatea (Dollarsinthousands) Current Previous...

...12,400 12,400 Less:Non-AgencyContribution 0 0 Total,LineItemCosts(TEC) 12,400 12,400 Thecostestimateis basedonconceptualdesign.a Naval Reactors/ 01-D-200 Replacement Office Building FY 2002 Congressional Budget 5.MethodofPerformance...

...maintenance, and repair of thea MORB Including utility cost for operation of the MORB which will begin in FY 2004.b Naval Reactors/ 01-D-200 Replacement Office Building FY 2002 Congressional Budget 7.RelatedAnnualFundingRequirements (FY...

...facility.Laboratoriesandtest facilitiesrequirethisofficespacebeprovidedattheKAPL-KnollsSite. Naval Reactors/Program Direction FY 2002 Congressional Budget Program Direction Mission Supporting Goals...

...and Objectives Due to the critical nature of nuclear reactor work, Naval Reactors is a centrally managed organization. This places a heavy burden on the Federal employees who oversee and set policies/procedures for developing new reactor...

...this budget for the Idaho Operations Office to oversee operation of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), which Naval Reactors uses for materials irradiation and testing. With the establishment of the National Nuclear Security Administration (...

...responsibility for operating ATR, these 10 FTEs were be transferred to the Office of Nuclear Energy in FY 2001. Funding to support these FTE’s has been transferred from Naval Reactors’ budget target to the Office of Nuclear Energy. The FY...

...2002 request includes Working Capital Fund resources to cover the costs of goods and services at Naval Reactors’ Headquarters such as payroll processing and...

...telephone services. Naval Reactors/Program Direction FY 2002 Congressional Budget Funding Schedule (dollars in thousands, whole FTEs) FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 $ Change % Change Headquarters Salary and...

...and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Examine removed fuel cells at end-of-life and...

...of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. As the Navy downsizes the fleet, demands on remaining ships increase....

...102 reactors. Naval nuclear reactors power 40% of the Navy=s major combatants. This number is comparable to the entire U.S. commercial nuclear power generating industry and represents nearly as many reactors as the next two largest nuclear...

...examination and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Improve nuclear reactor core design and...

...examination and evaluation of nuclear fuel systems, materials, and manufacturing and inspection methods to ensure Naval nuclear reactors are able to meet Navy goals for extended warship operation. A. Develop improved nuclear fuel, core and...

...18,010 17,895 19,615 Federal Staff continue to direct technical work and provide management/oversight of laboratories and facilities to ensure safe and reliable operation of Naval nuclear plants and the Advanced Test Reactor....

...and Servicing work encompasses the operation, maintenance, and servicing of land-based prototype Naval nuclear propulsion plants, the Advanced Test Reactor, the enhancement of fleet reactor reliability and longevity through testingg an and...

...for all Naval nuclear propulsion work, beginning with technology development, continuing through reactor operation and, ultimately, reactor plant disposal. The Program=s efforts have ensured, and continue to ensure, the safe operation of...

...land based prototype Naval nuclear propulsion plants at the Kesselring site in New York and also is the principal customer of the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory....

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6Title:  FY 1999 Naval Reactors budget request Add
 Summary:  This is the FY 1999 budget request for the Naval Reactors program. It describes the organization's mission ("'cradle to grave' responsibility for Naval nuclear propulsion work"). It provides detailed information on Naval Reactors operations at that period of time, and describes NR's areas of development to achieve improved power densities and extended core life. The evaluation and servicing section describes NR's requests to support defueling or dismantling the S1C, D1G, A1W, and S5G prototype plants. 
 Source:  www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/eng/navalr.pdf 
 Date:   1998 
 Subject(s):  Budgetary information | Naval Reactors 
 
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...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho 11. Schedule of Project Funding and Other Related Funding Requirements (Continued) b. Related...

...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho 13. Design and Construction of Federal Facilities(continued) Mackay Dam. The Dry Cell and dry...

...==== ======= ======= ======= CAPITAL OPERATING EXPENSES & CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY - NAVAL REACTORS (Cont’d) Detailed Breakouts Previous FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 Other Project-Related Costs (Op. Exp. Funded) Exceeding $3 Approp. Approp....

...1999 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET REQUEST OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES (Dollars in Thousands) PROPRIETARY RECEIPT ESTIMATES Naval Reactors Departmental Administration FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 FY 2000 FY 2001 FY 2002 Fuel Burnup $11,700 $12,500 $11,300 $...

...Request are denoted with a vertical line in left margin. ) OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES (Tabular dollars in thousands. Narrative material in whole dollars. ) NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT 1. Project Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a....

...Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho Preliminary Title I Baseline Current Baseline 3.a. Date A-E Work Initiated,G0D (Title I Design Start Scheduled):G0D Dry Cell Task 1st Qtr. FY...

...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho 10. Method of Performance Contracting arrangements are as follows: a. Construction design will be...

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FY 1999 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET REQUEST OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES (Tabular dollars in thousands, Narrative in whole dollars) NAVAL REACTORS PROGRAM...

...MISSION Naval Reactors maintains “cradle to...

...development of the reactor plant for the new attack submarine, development efforts to meet U.S. Navy needs, and the safe final disposition of over 70 reactor plants. The GOAL of the Naval Reactors program is to: Facilitate U.S. national...

...continued technical excellence and high quality in all Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program work. PROGRAM MISSION — NAVAL REACTORS (Cont’d) • Maintain proven safety and environmental protection record essential to ensure national and worldwide...

...requirements are met at minimum cost. • Ensure non-proliferation of Naval nuclear technology. PERFORMANCE MEASURES: Naval Reactors is principally a technology program in the business of power generation for a military application. The...

...With this in mind, the following high-level success indicators are representative of the outputs/outcomes of Naval Reactors’ work: • Conduct planned development, testing, and evaluation in the areas of nuclear physics, steam generators,...

...plants, ensuring their availability for scheduled testing, training, and servicing needs. PROGRAM MISSION — NAVAL REACTORS (Cont’d) • Meet FY 99 cost and schedule goals to safely and responsibly inactivate six shutdown test reactor plants...

...carriers to the Taiwan strait, the USS NIMITZ steaming from the Persian Gulf, and the USS INDEPENDENCE. • Naval Reactors’ careful engineering and approach to safety ensured the Program has never had a Naval nuclear accident or significant...

...Soviet Navy's nuclear propulsion safety record offers a stark contrast — they suffered casualties because of risks and inadequacies the U.S. would not tolerate. PROGRAM MISSION — NAVAL REACTORS (Cont’d) • As the operating lives of Naval...

...nuclear plants are extended beyond their original design lifetimes, Naval Reactors’ efforts are intended to ensure these plants continue to perform safely and reliably. Careful, detailed validation and improvement efforts are necessary to...

...analysis methods provide the base for future propulsion plant development and improvements to existing ones. Naval Reactors is investigating new structural materials, coolant chemistries, reactor plant arrangements, core configurations,...

...concerns. • The Program's cost-saving initiatives have led to shutting down six of eight land-based prototype plants. Naval Reactors is inactivating and laying up the shutdown plants to place them in an environmentally benign state pending...

...funds for contractor security clearances. The estimated FY 99 cost is $1.4M. Funding for federal clearances is to be provided by the Office of Security Affairs. NAVAL REACTORS PROGRAM FUNDING PROFILE (Dollars in thousands) FY 97 FY 98 FY 98...

...Current Original FY 98 Current FY 99 Appropriation Appropriation Adjustments Appropriation Request Naval Reactors Development Reactor Technology & Analysis $ 194,000 $ 192,000 $ $ 192,000 $ 192,000 Materials Development &...

...20,080 20,100 Facilities Operations 49,200 50,000 50,000 51,100 Subtotal, Operations & Maintenance $ 668,232 $ 656,000 656,000 $ 652,700 Construction 13,700 14,500 14,500 12,800 Subtotal, Naval Reactors $ 681,932 $ 670,500 670,500 $...

...665,500 Adjustment a/ - 148 - 148 TOTAL, Naval Reactors $ 681,932 $ 670,352 670,352 $ 665,500 a/ Use of prior year balances Public Law Authorizations: P.L. 83-703, "...

...Atomic Energy Act of 1954" E.O. 12344 (42 U.S.C. 7158), "Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program" NAVAL REACTORS (Dollars in thousands) PROGRAM FUNDING BY SITE FY 97 FY 98 FY 98 FY 99 Current Original FY 98 Current Budget Field Offices/Sites...

...$ 315,300 Idaho National Engineering & Environmental Lab 47,900 50,500 50,500 46,700 Idaho Operations Office 900 900 900 900 Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory 274,700 273,200 273,200 280,700 Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office 5,500 5,800...

...5,800 6,000 Schenectady Naval Reactors Office 4,900 4,900 4,900 5,200 All Other 8,632 11,000 11,000 10,700 Subtotal $ 681,932 $ 670,500 $ 670,500 $ 665,500...

...Adjustment a/ 0 - 148 - 148 0 TOTAL $ 681,932 $ 670,352 $ 670,352 $ 665,500 a/ Use of prior year balances NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT REACTOR TECHNOLOGY & ANALYSIS (Tabular dollars in thousands, narrative in whole dollars) I. Mission...

...on new plant development work. FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 $ 33,000 $ 32,000 $ 32,000 $194,000 $192,000 $192,000 NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT PLANT TECHNOLOGY (Tabular dollars in thousands, narrative in whole dollars) I. Mission Supporting Goals...

...Changes FY 1998 to FY 1999: The $1,800,000 decrease reflects further progress on new plant development work. NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT & VERIFICATION (Tabular dollars in thousands, narrative in whole dollars) I....

...Mission Supporting Goals and Objectives: Provide high performance materials necessary for Naval reactor applications. The harsh environment existing in an operating nuclear reactor demands materials which can maintain their structural and...

...and materials are called upon to perform safely and reliably over longer time periods. FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999 NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT EVALUATION & SERVICING (Tabular dollars in thousands, narrative in whole dollars) I. Mission...

...of expended cores to validate end-of-life predictions, and the preservation of environmental quality at all Naval Reactors' sites. Information obtained provides valuable feedback for designing new cores and supporting operating fleet...

...of operational data on reactor plants and increases in the capability of computer reactor plant modeling have enabled Naval Reactors to shut down six of the Program's eight test reactor plants resulting in substantial cost savings. Work in...

...the shutdown prototype reactor plants. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FY99 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET REQUEST OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES (Tabular dollars in thousands, Narrative in whole dollars) NAVAL REACTORS PROGRAM DIRECTION I. Mission Supporting Goals/...

...Ongoing Responsibilities: Due to the critical nature of nuclear reactor work, Naval Reactors is a centrally-managed organization. This places a heavy burden on the Federal employees who oversee and set policies/procedures for developing new...

...regulatory agencies. 10 FTE's at the Idaho Operations Office oversee operation of the advanced test reactor, which Naval Reactors uses for materials irradiation and testing. Program direction has been grouped into four categories: Salaries...

...for Federal personnel compensation, including awards, lump sum leave payments, and employer contribution to employees' benefits. Travel includes necessary trips to our various sites to carry out the mission of the Naval Reactors Program....

...Support Services are not used by Naval Reactors. Other Related Expenses include training, building occupancy, telecommunications, postage, payroll outsourcing, ADP maintenance, and other miscellaneous expenses associated with the Working...

...0 0 0 0 Other Related Expenses 132 820 820 650 Total 7,632 8,500 8,500 8,085 Full Time Equivalents 54* 57 57 57 Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits 4,800 5,020 5,020 5,170 Travel 100 100 100 105 Support Services 0 0 0 0 Other...

...Related Expenses 640 660 660 685 Total 5,540 5,780 5,780 5,960 Full Time Equivalents 68* 73 73 72 Schenectady Naval Reactors Salary and Benefits 4,205 4,400 4,400 4,555 Travel 80 80 80 85 Support Services 0 0 0 0 Other Related Expenses 575...

...Services 0 0 0 0 Other Related Expenses 10 15 15 15 Total 870 900 900 925 Full Time Equivalents 10 10 10 10 Total Naval Reactors Program Salary and Benefits 16,845 17,465 17,465 17,540 Travel 700 700 700 720 Support Services 0 0 0 0 Other...

...supports trips required to provide management and oversight of the Naval Reactors Program....

...Support Services: Naval Reactors does not have any Support Services contracts. Other Related Expenses: FY's 1998 and 1999 include provision for Working Capital funds which were predominantly budgeted for by the Office of Nuclear Energy in...

...Maintenance Activities/ 486 350 392 42 Capital Acquisitions Other 661 663 711 48 Total 1,357 1,915 1,840 -75 NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT CAPITAL OPERATING EXPENSES & CONSTRUCTION SUMMARY Capital Operating Expenses FY 1997 FY 1998 FY 1999...

...6,000 5,500 500 0 0 0 Upgrades, INEL 90-N-102 Expended Core Facility Dry Cell, 84,946 39,146 8,000 3,100 5,800 28,900 Bettis Total Naval Reactors Major Construction $ 131,246 $ 58,346 $ 13,700 $ 14,500 $ 12,800 $ 31,900 ======= ======= ===...

...in left margin. ) OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES (Tabular dollars in thousands. Narrative material in whole dollars. ) NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT 1. Project Title and Location:Site Laboratory and Facilities 2a. Project Number: 98-D-200 Upgrade...

...Request are denoted with a vertical line in left margin. ) OTHER DEFENSE ACTIVITIES (Tabular dollars in thousands. Narrative material in whole dollars. ) NAVAL REACTORS DEVELOPMENT 1. Project Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a....

...Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho SIGNIFICANT CHANGES o A June 1993 court injunction stopped work on the ECF Dry Cell Project until an agreement was reached in October 1995...

...also precludes wet storage of spent nuclear fuel at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Naval Reactors determined construction of a dry loading facility would be necessary to comply with this requirement for Naval...

...additional equipment and space needed for dry loading, handling, and temporary storage of spent nuclear fuel. As a result, Naval Reactors FY 1998 budget request modified the Dry Cell project to include a dry loading station as the East End...

...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90- N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho G0D Preliminary Title I Baseline Current BaselineG0D 5. Total Estimated Cost (TEC):G0D (1) Dry...

...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho 8. Project Description, Justification, and Scope The Expended Core Facility (ECF) Dry Cell...

...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho G0D 8. Project Description, Justification, and Scope (Continued)G0D G0D The East End Modification...

...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho 9. Details of Cost Estimate Item Cost Total Cost a. Design Phase $16,250 1.Preliminary and Final...

...Title and Location:Expended Core Facility 2a. Project Number: 90-N-102 Dry Cell Project 2b. Construction Funded Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho 12. Narrative Explanation of Total Project Funding and Other Related Funding Requirements (...

...security by providing and ensuring the safe and reliable operation of Naval nuclear reactor plants. The OBJECTIVE related to this goal is to: • Meet requirements for nuclear propulsion by providing the Navy with advanced, long-lived,...

...and Benefits: Federal Staff continue to direct technical work, provide management/oversight of laboratories and facilities to ensure safe and reliable operation of Naval nuclear plants and the advanced test reactor. Travel: FY 1999 funding...

...grave” responsibility for Naval nuclear propulsion work, beginning with technology development and continuing through reactor operation and, ultimately, ensuring appropriate and responsible reactor plant disposal. The Program’s efforts have...

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7Title:  FY 2014 Naval Reactors budget request Add
 Summary:  This document contains the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) congressional budget request for FY 2014, which includes a request for $1.246 billion dollars for Naval Reactors. The request notes that Naval Reactors manages "96 operating reactor plants. This includes 72 submarines, 10 aircraft carriers, and 4 research, development, and training platforms (including the land-based prototypes)" (643). It also describes several milestones for the Naval Reactors program for the previous fiscal year, including the commissioning and construction of Virginia-class submarines. Two planned milestones for FY 2014 are stated: The "cumulative completion of 99% of the Gerald R. Ford-class next-generation aircraft carrier reactor plant design" and the "cumulative completion of 22% of the Ohio-class Ballistic Missile Submarine Replacement (Ohio replacement) reactor plant design" (642). The significant advances that will be achieved by the new plant design for the Gerald R. Ford-class (the A1B reactor) are mentioned in the request. Compared with the A4W reactor plants that power Nimitz-class carriers, the A1B "increases core energy, provides nearly three times the electric plant generating capability, and requires half the number of reactor department sailors" (643). Support for three major projects is included in the NNSA request: The Ohio-class development; refueling and overhaul of the S8G prototype; and, recapitalization of spent fuel processing equipment at the Idaho National Laboratory's Expended Core Facility (ECF). The ECF's mission and the importance of this recapitalization project are described in detail: "The ECF provides the infrastructure to unload shipping containers and transfer, prepare, temporarily store, and package naval spent nuclear fuel for disposal" (664). While maintenance and repair operations are performed for the ECF infrastructure, the recapitalization work is needed to ensure that the ECF can meet the demands for spent fuel processing and to avoid any "mission-compromising interruptions" that would threaten operations of the nuclear fleet (664). 
 Source:  http://nnsa.energy.gov/aboutus/budget 
 Date:   2013 
 Subject(s):  Expended Core Facility | Naval Reactors 
 
Matches:  
(176 hits in text)     

...tooling, and items temporarily removed from radiologically controlled areas during availabilities and overhauls. Naval Reactors thoroughly examined alternatives to construction of a new facility, including: • Building a smaller RWSB and...

...Request National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors April 2013 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 1 DOE/CF-0084 Volume 1 Department of Energy...

...2014 Congressional Budget Request National Nuclear Security Administration Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors April 2013 Office of Chief Financial Officer Volume 1 Printed with soy...

...ink on recycled paper Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Office of the Administrator...

...Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors Volume 1 Table of Contents Section Appropriation Account...

...DN Naval Reactors ....................................................................................................................................................................... NR General...

...7,557,342 7,868,409 +311,067 +4.1% Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation 2,300,950 2,409,930 2,140,142 -160,808 -7.0% Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,086,610 1,246,134 +166,134 +15.4% Office of the Administrator 410,000 412,509 397,784 -12,216 -3.0%...

...8,785,395 8,932,772 9,292,929 Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation 2,140,142 1,856,416 1,942,758 2,007,664 1,997,171 Naval  Reactors 1,246,134 1,377,100 1,464,600 1,645,463 1,595,416 Total,  NNSA 11,652,469 12,190,348 12,609,459 13,012,405...

...7,557,342 7,868,409 653,575 9.1% 311,067 4.1% 2,300,950 2,409,930 2,140,142 ‐160,808 ‐7.0% ‐269,788 ‐11.2% Naval  Reactors 1,080,000 1,086,610 1,246,134 166,134 15.4% 159,524 14.7% Total, NNSA 11,005,784 11,466,391 11,652,469 646,685 5.9%...

...Use of Prior Year Balances 0 -32,204 -36,702 0 0 0 0 Rescission for Contractor Pay Freeze -21,000 -21,129 0 0 0 0 0 Total, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation 2,300,950 2,409,930 2,140,142 1,856,416 1,942,758 2,007,664 1,997,171 Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,086,610 1,260,117 1,377,100 1,464,600 1,645,463 1,595,416 Use of Prior...

...Year Balances 0 0 -13,983 0 0 0 0 Total, Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,086,610 1,246,134 1,377,100 1,464,600 1,645,463 1,595,416 Total, NNSA 11,005,784 11,466,391 11,652,469 12,190,348 12,609,459 13,012,405 13,322,056 (dollars in thousands)...

...at  229 buildings containing weapons‐usable nuclear  material in the FSU.     The budget continues to robustly fund the Naval  Reactors (NR) program and build upon prior efforts.    Among these accomplishments is continued support for  the ...

...and validate our  ability to predict the behavior of non‐stockpile threat  problems.   It will also support larger full‐scale  experiments addressing intelligence, policy, and  operational needs.     Naval Reactors (NR) Appropriation  NR ...

...pays for all NNSA Federal employees and  associated administrative expenses, except for those  working in Naval Reactors and the Office of Secure  Transportation.     The FY 2014 Request provides support for 1,817 full time  equivalents ...

...3.4% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 3.4% Weapons Activities 5.8% 22.5% 25.3% 13.0% NNSA CIO, Cyber Security 1.3% 5.8% 22.5% 25.3% 13.0% 1.3% 6.8% 4.3% 2.0% 3.3% 2.2% 18.6% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 10.7% Total, Naval Reactors 0.0% 10.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%...

...24.4% 33.2% 25.3% 13.0% 4.7% Naval Reactors Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Material  and Security and Protection ‐  IMPC, GTRI Fissile Materials  Disposition ‐ FMD Security ‐ DNS Stockpile Support  ‐ DSW, Readiness   Campaign...

...$6,200,000  $3,000,000  $500,000  NN - 16 National Nuclear Security Administration/  Overview    FY 2014 Congressional Budget  Naval Reactors – Knolls Laboratory & Kesselring Site  Project Title  Program  TEC  Project Description ...

...FY 2014   Funding  FY 2015  Funding  Construction  Design  Estimate  Containerized  Data Center    Naval  Reactors  $9,050,000  This project will procure  and install a  containerized data  center (CDC) to house  the high performance ...

...Complex 12,381 27,699 48,879 Nevada National  Security Site 23,729 12,400 13,500 Bettis  Laboratory & Naval  Reactors  Laboratory 1,800 1,811 14,925 Knolls  Laboratory & Kesselring Site 8,158 8,208 19,075 Total Site, GPP 71,935...

...Complex 32,600 8,575 1,000 7,000 Nevada National  Security Site 14,300 300 300 300 Bettis  Laboratory & Naval  Reactors  Facility 18,130 10,620 5,640 12,490 Knolls  Laboratory & Kesselring Site 15,170 28,680 29,860 27,610 Total ...

...Site 0 0 0 Y‐12 National  Security Complex 0 0 0 Nevada National  Security Site 0 0 0 Bettis  Laboratory & Naval  Reactors  Laboratory 0 0 0 Knolls  Laboratory & Kesselring Site 0 0 0 30,000 50,246 30,696 Institutional General ...

...0 0 0 0 Y‐12 National  Security Complex 0 0 0 0 Nevada National  Security Site 0 0 0 0 Bettis Laboratory & Naval  Reactors Laboratory 0 0 0 0 Knolls  Laboratory & Kesselring Site 0 0 0 0 21,668 18,384 27,106 22,334 (Dollars  in ...

...Security Complex 35,541 37,090 42,574 Nevada National Security Site 16,875 20,356 17,686 Bettis Laboratory & Naval Reactors Laboratory 25,011 15,350 16,729 Knolls Laboratory & Kesselring Site 6,572 5,821 5,468 280,947 333,341...

...43,817 44,622 46,491 48,127 Nevada National Security Site 50,022 20,364 20,713 21,069 Bettis Laboratory & Naval Reactors Laboratory 17,664 25,024 20,582 27,565 Knolls Laboratory & Kesselring Site 5,996 5,972 6,623 6,677 367,306...

...31,365 32,620 33,925 35,282 Nevada National Security Site 56,433 57,486 58,559 59,653 Bettis Laboratory & Naval Reactors Laboratory 7,775 7,533 7,800 8,124 Knolls Laboratory & Kesselring Site 14,586 13,666 13,528 12,193 376,860...

...National Security Complex 67,160 59,498 Nevada National Security Site 72,628 73,245 Bettis Laboratory & Naval Reactor Laboratory 32,132 24,693 Knolls Laboratory & Kesselring Site 20,554 26,228 686,600 663,941 (Dollars in Thousands)...

...1,668,428 1,489,525 0 1,415,994 217,512 0 1,633,506 National  Energy Technology Laboratory 2,859 4,010 0 0 0 0 0 Naval  Reactors  Laboratory Field Office 16,895 18,100 0 0 0 19,046 19,046 Naval  Research Laboratory 0 5,000 0 4,451 0 0 4,451...

...Administration (NNSA) Federal employees and associated  administrative expenses, except for those working in  Naval Reactors and the Office of Secure Transportation.   The OA account provides the Federal personnel and  resources necessary ...

...stockpile, down blending of EU in support of nonproliferation, and provide uranium as feedstock for fuel for naval reactors. Currently these capabilities reside in aged and “genuinely decrepit” facilities as noted by the Perry Commission....

...to deteriorate to the point of significant impact to Defense Programs, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, and Naval Reactors programs. The impacts could result in loss of the U.S. capability to maintain the nuclear weapons stockpile through...

...based organizations through the Office of the Administrator, Weapons Activities, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, and Naval Reactors appropriations. In FY 2012 and FY 2013, a new approach – the Minority Serving Institutions Partnerships...

...2012 • In FY 2012, HBCU activities were funded proportionately across the Weapons Activities, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation and Naval Reactors appropriations utilizing program dollars. The FY 2012 funded amount for NNSA was $10 million....

...HBCU activities were funded proportionately across the Weapons Activities, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation and Naval Reactors appropriations utilizing program dollars. The FY 2013 requested amount for NNSA was $14.7 million. 0 Weapons...

...counterterrorism security exercises with key foreign partners. 13,266 10,997 11,659 12,486 Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation/ Counterterrorism and Counterproliferation Programs FY 2014 Congressional Budget DN - 191 DN - 192 Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors Proposed Appropriation Language For Department...

...of Energy expenses necessary for naval reactors activities to carry out the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq. ), including the acquisition (by purchase, condemnation, construction, or otherwise) of real property,...

...available until September 30, 2015 for program direction. Explanation of Change Change from the language proposed in FY 2013 consists of a change to the requested funding amount. Naval Reactors/ Appropriation Language FY 2014 Congressional...

...Budget NR - 1 NR - 2 Naval Reactors Overview Appropriation Summary by Program FY 2012 Current...

...FY 2013 Annualized CR a FY 2014 Request Naval Reactors 358,300...

...360,493 455,740 Naval Reactors Development b 421,000 423,577 419,400 S8G Prototype Refueling b 99,500 100,109 144,400 121,300 122,042...

...126,400 Program Direction b 40,000 40,245 44,404 Construction b c 39,900 40,144 69,773 Subtotal, Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,086,610 1,260,117 Use of Prior...

...Year Balances d 0 0 -13,983 Total, Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,086,610 1,246,134 (...

...Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors Operations and Infrastructure b OHIO Replacement Reactor Systems Development b a Out-Year Appropriation Summary by...

...Program e FY 2014 Request FY 2015 Request FY 2016 Request FY 2017 Request FY 2018 Request Naval Reactors 455,740 436,180...

...469,300 480,563 484,316 Naval Reactors Development b 419,400 419,000 411,700 416,100 454,300 S8G Prototype Refueling b 144,400 128,600 133,000 124,000 190,000 126,400 156,100...

...177,000 213,700 156,700 Program Direction b 44,404 47,400 49,700 52,100 54,700 Construction b 69,773 189,820 223,900 359,000 255,400 Subtotal, Naval Reactors 1,260,117 1,377,100 1,464,600 1,645,463 1,595,416 Use of Prior...

...Year Balances -13,983 0 0 0 0 Total, Naval Reactors 1,246,134 1,377,100 1,464,600 1,645,463...

...1,595,416 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors Operations and Infrastructure b OHIO Replacement Reactor Systems Development b a FY 2013 amounts shown reflect the P.L. 112-175 continuing resolution level annualized to a full year. b This...

...a reprogramming to support other program work. d In order to fund NNSA contractor pensions in FY 2014, the Naval Reactors’ request uses $13,983,244 of prior year balances. These funds are available due to more current information pertaining...

...to the Program’s joint Navy/DOE funded contractor pension plans. The $13,983,244 of prior year balances consists of $3,400,000 from FY 2012 Naval Reactors Operations and Infrastructure, $...

...5,200,244 from FY 2012 Naval Reactors Development, $600,000 from FY 2012 S8G Prototype Refueling, $800,000 from...

...FY 2012 Ohio Replacement Reactor Systems Development and $3,983,000 from FY 2013 Naval Reactors Development. e The annual totals include an allocation to NNSA from the...

...Department of Defense’s five year budget plan. The amounts included for Naval Reactors are $248,858,000 in FY 2015, $313,549,000 in FY 2016, $469,503,000...

...in FY 2017, and $393,440,000 in FY 2018. Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 3 Public Law Authorizations P.L. 83-703, “Atomic Energy Act of 1954” “Executive Order 12344 (42 U.S.C. 7158), “Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program”...

...Nuclear Security Administration Act, (P.L. 106-65), as amended National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2013 (P.L. 112-239) The Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2013 (P.L. 112-175) Program Overview and Benefits Naval Reactors (NR) is...

...constituting over 40 percent of the Navy’s major combatants) and fulfills the Navy’s requirements for new nuclear propulsion plants that meet current and future national defense requirements. Naval Reactors’ mission includes ensuring...

...these areas, as they affect the environment and the safety and health of workers, operators, and the general public. Naval Reactors maintains oversight in areas such as security, nuclear safeguards and transportation, radiological controls,...

...information, procurement, logistics, and fiscal management. As part of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Naval Reactors is working to provide the U.S. Navy with nuclear propulsion plants that are capable of responding...

...the challenges of the 21st century security environment. Program Accomplishments and Milestones In the prior year, Naval Reactors reached several major accomplishments in fulfilling its mission to the Nation. Among these accomplishments is...

...784), the first Block III VIRGINIA-Class submarine, keel laid down in May 2011 in North Kingstown, Rhode Island. Naval Reactors is working towards achieving the following key metrics: FY 2014 Milestones • Cumulative completion of 99% of the...

...in FY 2012 to support a two year delay to construction start from FY 2019 to FY 2021. Explanation of Changes Naval Reactors’ request of $1,246M in FY 2014 is for continued achievement of its core objective of ensuring the safe and reliable...

...S8G) Refueling Overhaul, and Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project. Program Planning and Management Naval Reactors regularly validates its work and funding priorities, which facilitates clear alignment with NNSA and DOE strategic...

...in semi- annual, bottom-up reviews of its work across the Future Years Nuclear Security Program (FYNSP), Naval Reactors' process for allocating resources consistently achieves its goal of funding the highest priority work and addressing...

...near-term and out-year challenges using an enterprise solution approach. Naval Reactors continues to apply robust project management principles and controls throughout its project portfolio to ensure the most effective and efficient use of...

...manage risks helps the program characterize the status of projects across the enterprise and identify key risks to project success, e.g. , industrial base, cost of materials, technical uncertainty. Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional...

...Budget NR - 4 Naval Reactors’ process for reviewing budget estimates was noted for its rigor in a recent United States Government Accountability...

...Office report, Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise (GAO-12-806). Strategic Management Naval Reactors contributes to the Department’s May 2011 Strategic Plan by providing the resources, infrastructure, and expertise necessary to...

...of 2027 with a reactor plant that will extend core lifetime for the next-generation ballistic missile submarine. Major Out-Year Priorities and Assumptions Outyear funding levels for Naval Reactors total $6,082,579,000 for FY 2015 through FY...

...2018. Outyear funding supports Naval Reactors’ core mission of providing proper maintenance and safety oversight, and addressing emergent operational issues and technology obsolescence for all 96 operating reactor plants....

...research, development, and training platforms (including the land-based prototypes). Outyear funding also supports Naval Reactors’ continued achievement of ongoing new plant design projects (i.e. , the reactor plant for the GERALD R. FORD-...

...cleanup of environmental liabilities. Program Goals and Funding The requested funding in FY 2014 will ensure that Naval Reactors’ laboratory operations and technical capabilities meet the requirements of the operational fleet; both in terms...

...new ballistic missile submarine are enabled by the ongoing development of a new core and reactor plant as part of Naval Reactors’ OHIO Replacement and Land-based Prototype Refueling Overhaul programs. Further, recapitalization of the spent...

...Recapitalization Project in 2021 and 2022. Department of Energy (DOE) Working Capital Fund (WCF) Support The NNSA Naval Reactors appropriation projected contribution to the DOE Working Capital Fund for FY 2014 is $3.7M. This funding covers...

...and supporting the integrated acquisition environment. Contractor Pensions In FY 2014, for the Bettis and Knolls Laboratories, Naval Reactors’ planned DOE-funded qualified contractor pension contribution is $61,380,000 and non-...

...qualified contractor pension contribution is $805,000. Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 5 Performance Measures Performance Goal (Measure) A1B Reactor Plant Design - Cumulative percentage of completion on the next-generation...

...measure targets have been changed to reflect the delayed construction start. Figure 1: Relative Out-Year Funding Priorities in Naval Reactors 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 FY 2012 Current FY 2013 Annualized CR FY...

...2014 Request FY 2015 Request FY 2016 Request FY 2017 Request FY 2018 Request M ill io ns Naval Reactors Operations...

...and Infrastructure Naval Reactors Development S8G Protype Refueling OHIO Replacement...

...Reactor Systems Development Program Direction Construction Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 6 Explanation of Funding and/or Program Changes (Dollars in Thousands) FY...

...2012 Current FY 2014 Request FY 2014 Request vs. FY 2012 Current Naval Reactors...

...Naval Reactors Operations and Infrastructure 358,300 455,740 +97,440 Increases are primarily driven by facility and infrastructure recapitalization as well as previously deferred capital equipment...

...procurements. Funding levels will support the program’s infrastructure over the long-term. Naval Reactors Development 421,000 419,400 -1,600 This decrease reflects decreasing requirements for construction support for FORD-class reactor...

...Low-Level Waste Disposal Project. Additionally, FY 2014 includes $0.6M in S8G Prototype Refueling efforts for the KS Radiological Work and Storage Building. Subtotal Funding Change, Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,260,117 +180117 Use of Prior...

...Year Balances 0 -13,983 -13,983 Total Funding Change, Naval Reactors 1,080,000 1,246,134...

...+166,134 Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional Budget...

...NR - 7 NR - 8 Naval Reactors – Program Direction Funding by Site FY 2012...

...Current FY 2013 Annualized CR FY 2014 Request Naval Reactors Program Direction Headquarters Salaries and Benefits 19,400 20,200 21,358 Travel 975 600 1,000 Other Related...

...Expenses 2,730 1,345 3,000 Total, Headquarters 23,105 22,145 25,358 Full-Time Equivalents 114 111 115 Naval Reactors Laboratory Field Office Salaries and Benefits 15,100 17,100 17,146 Travel...

...683 400 700 Other Related Expenses 1,112 600 1,200 Total, Naval Reactors Laboratory Field Office 16,895 18,100 19,046...

...Full-Time Equivalents 117 127 123 Total, Naval Reactors Program Direction Salaries and Benefits 34,500 37,300 38,504 Travel...

...1,658 1,000 1,700 Other Related Expenses 3,842 1,945 4,200 Total, Naval Reactors Program Direction 40,000 40,245 44,404 Full-Time Equivalents 231 238 238 (Dollars in Thousands) Out-Year...

...Program Direction FY 2014 Request FY 2015 Request FY 2016 Request FY 2017 Request FY 2018 Request Naval Reactors Program Direction Salaries and Benefits 38,504 40,900 42,600 44,400 46,200 Travel 1,700...

...1,900 1,900 2,000 2,000 Other Related Expenses 4,200 4,600 5,200 5,700 6,500 Total, Naval Reactors Program Direction 44,404 47,400 49,700 52,100 54,700 Full-Time Equivalents 238 238 238 238...

...238 (Dollars in Thousands) Overview Due to the essential nature of nuclear reactor work, Naval Reactors provides centrally controlled, technical management of all program operations. Federal employees directly oversee and set policies and...

...Laboratories. In addition, these employees interface with other DOE offices and local, state, and Federal regulatory agencies. Naval Reactors’ federal employees are typically recruited from a community of highly-trained military engineers...

...who have completed a rigorous five-year on-the-job training program unique to Naval Reactors. The skills attained through this training program have groomed engineers far beyond the skill set of nuclear engineers found in the commercial and...

...federal sectors. Recently, retirements have resulted in a significant loss of NR’s engineering experience. Hirings for experienced and skilled engineers are planned by Naval Reactors...

...to Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 9 ensure knowledge transfer from expert to junior naval nuclear engineers. Travel funds are used to...

...worldwide that require comprehensive audits and in-person visits to ensure compliance and safety. Additionally, Naval Reactors Representative positions at the field sites (to include locations in the United Kingdom, Japan, Hawaii, and the...

...due to retirements, attrition, and succession planning. Other Related Expenses includes the maintenance of Naval Reactors’ IT hardware, engineering software, and related licenses supporting mission-essential technical work. Additionally,...

...security investigations of federal personnel, and training requirements. Figure 1: Relative Out-Year Funding Priorities in Naval Reactors – Program Direction 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 FY 2012 Current FY 2013 Annualized CR FY 2014 Request FY 2015...

...FY 2016 Request FY 2017 Request FY 2018 Request M ill io ns Salaries and Benefits Travel Other Related Expenses Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 10 Explanation of Funding and/or Program Changes (Dollars in Thousands) FY...

...2012 Current FY 2014 Request FY 2014 Request vs. FY 2012 Current Naval Reactors Program Direction Salaries and Benefits 34,500 38,504 +4,004 Reflects an increase commensurate with the higher costs of qualified and experienced engineering...

...Reflects a steady-state of funding to support mission essential travel. Other Related Expenses 3,842 4,200 +358 Reflects an increase of funding to support Government operations. Total Funding Change, Naval Reactors Program Direction 40,000...

...44,404 +4,404 Naval Reactors FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 11 Supporting Information Capital Operating Expenses Capital Operating Expenses Summary FY 2012 Current FY 2013 Annualized CR...

...13,604 21,044 2,600 2,616 6,850 Total, Capital Operating Expenses 16,121 16,220 27,894 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors Operations and Infrastructure S8G Prototype Refueling Outyear Capital Operating Expenses Summary FY 2014 Request...

...FY 2015 Request FY 2016 Request FY 2017 Request FY 2018 Request Capital Operating Expenses Naval Reactors Operations and Infrastructure 21,044 17,480 20,500 22,730 24,416 S8G Prototype Refueling 6,850 1,100 3,630 180 790 Total, Capital...

...display total GPP funding by site and program-wide capital equipment funding, and includes funds found within both the Naval Reactors Operations and Infrastructure fund category as well as funds specific to particular projects (i.e. , OHIO...

...Laboratory (BL) 800 805 12,975 Kesselring Site (KS) 987 993 14,845 Knolls Laboratory (KL) 7,171 7,215 4,230 Naval Reactors Facil ity (NRF) 1,000 1,006 1,950 Total, GPP 9,958 10,019 34,000 (Dollars in Thousands) FY 2014 Request FY 2015...

...General Plant Projects (GPP) Bettis Laboratory 12,975 9,000 6,625 2,000 7,600 Kesselring Site 14,845 8,500 14,890 20,205 19,670 Knolls Laboratory 4,230 6,670 13,790 9,655 7,940 Naval Reactors Facil ity 1,950 9,130 3,995 3,640 4,890 Total,...

...GPP 34,000 33,300 39,300 35,500 40,100 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors/ Capital Operating Expenses FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 12 Supporting Information Construction Projects Summary Construction Projectsa a Funding in FY 2013...

...ID, and these amounts will be realigned through a reprogramming to support other program work. b The Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project is funded jointly between Naval Reactors and DOE's Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE)....

...The Total Estimated Cost represents the Naval Reactors' contribution. For additional details see the associated Project Data Sheet. c The KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2015 MCP funds ($17.9M) support and are attributable to...

...0 OPC 1,250 100 300 302 TPC, 13-D-903, KS Prototype Staff Building 15,250 100 300 302 0 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors/ Supporting Information FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 13 Total Prior Years FY 2012 Current FY 2013 Annualized...

...26,354 26,414 26,942 TPC, All Construction Projects 1,669,158 82,238 66,254 66,558 96,715 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors/ Supporting Information FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 14 Outyear Construction Projects FY 2015 Request FY...

...901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project 145,000 185,000 310,000 230,000 415,000 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors/ Supporting Information FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 15 FY 2015 Request FY 2016 Request FY 2017 Request FY...

...TPC, All Construction Projects 196,590 231,040 365,775 260,900 415,750 (Dollars in Thousands) a a The Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project is funded jointly between Naval Reactors and DOE's Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE)....

...The Total Estimated Cost represents the Naval Reactors' contribution. For additional details see the associated Project Data Sheet. b The KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2015...

...to both the Land-based Prototype Refueling Overhaul ($9.4M) and other site defueling operations ($8.5M). Naval Reactors/ Supporting Information FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 16 Other Supporting Information Major Items of Equipment (...

...Total, OPC 37,322 671 1,634 1,644 8,934 TPC, All MIEs 96,922 7,171 17,434 17,540 26,784 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors/ Supporting Information FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 17 Outyear Major Items of Equipment (MIEs) FY 2015...

...0 Total, OPC 6,809 6,990 5,062 2,540 1,431 TPC, All MIEs 19,909 23,620 18,242 16,330 1,431 (Dollars in Thousands) Naval Reactors/ Supporting Information FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 18 14-D-902, KL Material Characterization Laboratory...

...end of the schedule ranges. b Figures are only estimates and consistent with the high end of the cost ranges. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-902, KL Material Characterization Laboratory FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 19 Scope and...

...NR Program and Project Management Manual, and all appropriate project management requirements have been met. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-902, KL Material Characterization Laboratory FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 20 5. Financial...

...A Total, D&D N/A N/A N/A a Figures are only estimates and consistent with the high end of the cost ranges. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14- D-902, KL Material Characterization Laboratory FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 21 (Dollars in...

...17,800 17,800 7,200 FY 2018 2,200 2,200 9,600 FY 2019 0 0 2,600 FY 2020 0 0 600 Total, TPC 21,800 21,800 21,800 Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-902, KL Material Characterization Laboratory FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 22 6. Details...

...Contingency 2,100 N/A N/A a Figures are only estimates and consistent with the high end of the cost ranges. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-902, KL Material Characterization Laboratory FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 23 7. Schedule of...

...Maintenance Funding Requirements Not applicable. 9. Required D&D Information Not applicable. 10. Acquisition Approach Not applicable. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-902, KL Material Characterization Laboratory FY 2014 Congressional...

...Budget NR - 24 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho Project Data Sheet (PDS) is for Design and Construction 1. Significant Changes The most recent DOE O 413.3 approved Critical Decision (CD)...

...estimates and consistent with the high end of the schedule ranges. c Figures are only estimates and consistent with the high end of the cost ranges. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project FY...

...2014 Congressional Budget NR - 25 Scope and Justification The mission of Naval Reactors (NR) is to provide the Nation with militarily effective nuclear propulsion plants and to ensure their safe, reliable, long-lived, and affordable...

...and naval training platforms) to the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Located at NRF, the ECF provides the infrastructure to unload shipping containers and transfer, prepare, temporarily store, and...

...contacts supporting the design and construction. • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance. The existing Expended Core Facility (ECF) at the Naval Reactors Facility in Idaho is a single facility which is approximately 197,000...

...square feet. However, other facilities at the Naval Reactors Facility support operations within the ECF and include additional areas for administrative support and warehouse storage. ECF has the two major capabilities: (1) to receive,...

...50 years old, does not meet current standards, and requires recapitalization. Actions necessary to continue Naval Reactors’ ability to support naval spent nuclear fuel handling are the subject of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The...

...including the Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project – Recapitalize the spent fuel handling capabilities of ECF by constructing and operating a new facility at one of two potential locations at the Naval Reactors Facility....

...Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 26 The existing ECF is required to maintain the examination capability for the foreseeable future; therefore, no D&D...

...the NR Program and Project Management Manual, and all appropriate project management requirements have been met. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 27 5....

...of the cost ranges. b Due to re-profiling of the project, the cost profile represents a preliminary estimate. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 28 (Dollars...

...140,000 140,000 FY 2021 75,000 75,000 75,000 FY 2022 60,000 60,000 60,000 Total, TPC 1,451,500 1,451,500 1,451,500 Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 29 6....

...the high end of the cost ranges. b Management reserve is included in the total design and construction figures. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 30 7....

...Requirements Not applicable. 9. Required D&D Information Not applicable. 10. Acquisition Approach Not applicable. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 14-D-901, Spent Fuel Handling Recapitalization Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 31...

...Memorandum of Agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) and the Office of Naval Reactors (NR). A Federal Project Director has been assigned to this project. This PDS is a new start in FY 2014 Request for...

...up to 20 years of disposal capacity and infrastructure with a life expectancy of 50 years to allow for expansion. Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 32 3....

...mission of the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), associated ongoing and planned operations, and Naval spent fuel activities at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF) requires continued capability to appropriately dispose of remote-handled low...

...level waste (LLW) in support of Office of Nuclear Energy and Office of Naval Reactors mission-critical operations. The new facility can accommodate disposal of up to twenty years of remote-handled LLW generated at the INL, and provide...

...engineering global solutions for the DOE. INL also hosts the National Nuclear Security Administration’s (NNSA) Naval Reactors Facility (NRF). NRF supports the U.S. Navy’s nuclear-powered fleet through research and development of materials...

...baseline has been validated and CD-3 conditions have been addressed and approved by the Acquisition Executive. Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 33 c...

...under this data sheet may be used to provide independent assessments related to project planning and execution. Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 34 5....

...3,110 Total OPC, except D&D 19,770 7,970 27,740 19,770 7,970 27,740 27,740 D&D Total D&D 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 35 (...

...for FY 2013. c Design costs are part of the design-build contract, which is funded with construction funds. Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 36 6....

...2Q FY 2014. All funding numbers are only estimates and based on the high end of the cost range approved at CD-1. Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 37 7....

...up to 20 years of disposal capacity and infrastructure with a life expectancy of 50 years to allow for expansion. Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 38 9....

...and contract administration; facility design and construction management; and, operational readiness activities. Naval Reactors/ Construction 13-D-905, Remote-Handled Low-Level Waste Disposal Project FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 39 13-...

...end of the schedule ranges. b Figures are only estimates and consistent with the high end of the cost ranges. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 13-D-904, KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 40 Scope and...

...NR Program and Project Management Manual, and all appropriate project management requirements have been met. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 13-D-904, KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 41 5. Financial...

...FY 2013 annualized Continuing Resolution amount is 0; however, $2,000,000 was originally requested for FY 2013. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 13-D-904, KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 42 (Dollars...

...1,300 FY 2015 18,000 18,000 7,100 FY 2016 400 400 11,600 FY 2017 100 100 400 Total, TPC 19,500 19,500 19,500 Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 13-D-904, KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 43 6. Details...

...Contingency 2,000 1,800 N/A a Figures are only estimates and consistent with the high end of the cost ranges. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 13-D-904, KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 44 7. Schedule...

...applicable. a The FY 2013 annualized Continuing Resolution amount is 0; however, $2,000,000 was originally requested for FY 2013. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 13-D-904, KS Radiological Work and Storage Building FY 2014 Congressional Budget...

...NR - 45 08-D-190, Expended Core Facility (ECF) M-290 Receiving/Discharge Station, Naval Reactors Facility, Idaho Project Data Sheet (PDS) is for Design/Construction 1. Significant Changes The most recent DOE O 413.3 approved Critical...

...contained several comments and actions impacting the design that required additional funds going into FY 2011. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 08-D-190 – ECF M-290 Receiving/ Discharge Station FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 46 (Dollars in...

...NR Program and Project Management Manual, and all appropriate project management requirements have been met. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 08-D-190 – ECF M-290 Receiving/ Discharge Station FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 47 5. Financial...

...c When total appropriations exceed total obligations or costs, it may indicate future unused appropriations. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 08-D-190 – ECF M-290 Receiving/ Discharge Station FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 48 (Dollars in...

...a When total appropriations exceed total obligations or costs, it may indicate future unused appropriations. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 08-D-190 – ECF M-290 Receiving/ Discharge Station FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 49 6. Details of...

...4,423 4,241 4,241 Contingency, OPC 0 0 0 Total, TPC 75,318 75,136 75,186 Total, Contingency 6,277 7,365 9,867 Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 08-D-190 – ECF M-290 Receiving/ Discharge Station FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 50 7. Schedule...

...b When total appropriations exceed total obligations or costs, it may indicate future unused appropriations. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 08-D-190 – ECF M-290 Receiving/ Discharge Station FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 51 9. Required...

...location(s) of existing facility(s) to be replaced: No offsetting D&D will be identified for this project. The Naval Reactors Facility square footage will expand to meet mission-critical work in support of spent fuel processing due to...

...as a fixed-price contract for procurement and construction and was awarded on the basis of competitive bidding. Naval Reactors/ Construction/ 08-D-190 – ECF M-290 Receiving/ Discharge Station FY 2014 Congressional Budget NR - 52 GENERAL...

...amounts included for 2013 reflect the annualized level provided by the continuing resolution. General Provisions GP FY 2014 Congressional Budget Office of the Administrator Weapons Activities Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Naval Reactors...

...fuel, critical in the long-term for meeting demand for defense- related research reactors and for naval nuclear propulsion reactors. • Allows the U.S. to better detect, deter, and assess potential proliferation of new uranium enrichment...

...the safety of reactors and associated naval nuclear propulsion plants, and control of radiation and radioactivity associated with naval nuclear propulsion activities, including prescribing and enforcing standards and regulations for...

...is responsible for all naval nuclear propulsion work,  beginning with reactor plant technology development  and design, continuing through reactor plant operation  and maintenance, and ending with reactor plant disposal.    The program ...

...responsible for all naval nuclear propulsion work, beginning with reactor plant technology development and design, continuing through reactor plant operation and maintenance, and ending with reactor plant disposal. The program ensures the...

...systems, including research, design, construction, testing, operation, maintenance, and disposal. At the end of reactor service life, NR transports spent nuclear fuel from its origin (e.g. , naval spent nuclear fuel from servicing shipyards...

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8Title:  Occupational radiation exposure from Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities Add
 Summary:  This report focuses on radiation exposure at facilities managed by the Department of Energy's Office of Naval Reactors. As noted in the report, "the policy of the Naval Reactors Program is to reduce exposure to personnel from ionizing radiation associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities to a level as low as reasonably achievable" (5). Naval Reacors "operates two Department of Energy laboratories; one Department of Energy site with two operating and one inactive prototype naval nuclear propulsion plants; one Department of Energy site that operates the Expended Core Facility (for dispositioning of naval fuel and examination of irradiated test specimens) and has three inactive prototype nuclear propulsion plants; and nuclear component engineering and procurement organizations" (1). These facilities provide support for the United States Navy's 82 combatant vessels (submarines and aircraft carriers). For the prototype plants, the major source of radiation expoure is maintenance inside the reactor compartments during shutdown periods, specifically "cobalt-60 deposited inside the [primary] piping systems" (6). The report describes the sources of exposure at other facilities, such as the Idaho National Laboratory's Expended Core Facility. It also provides information on exposure at the Shippingport Atomic Power Station, which operated from 1957 to 1982. The use of the Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) core at Shippingport (the first core that successfully bred fuel in a water-cooled reactor) led to extremely high radiation exposures as the core was fabricated; this exposure, which dramatically increased total exposure in the 1974-1976 time period, is shown in figure 1. Finally, the report includes information on dosimetry devices used in the program and the training required of civilian specialists who support prototype operations. Note that the report does not include exposure information for the moored S5W training prototype plants operated by the Navy in Charleston, South Carolina. 
 Source:  http://nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nnsa/02-12-multiplefiles/NT-11-2%20FINAL.pdf 
 Date:   2010 
 Subject(s):  Health physics | Naval Reactors 
 
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...REPORT NT-11-3 MAY 2011 OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION EXPOSURE FROM NAVAL REACTORS' DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES NAVAL...

...NUCLEAR PROPULSION PROGRAM OFFICE OF NAVAL REACTORS WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 This publication was printed on Recycled Paper i TABLE...

...and Limits ........................................................................................................ 5 Sources of Radiation at Prototypes and Naval Reactors Facility ............................... 6 Sources of Radiation at...

...and Limits ...................................................................................................... 28 Sources of Radioactivity at Prototypes and Naval Reactors Facility ........................ 29 Sources of Radioactivity at...

...32 Monitoring for Internal Radioactivity at Prototypes and Naval Reactors Facility ...... 32 Monitoring for Internal Radioactivity at Laboratories ................................................ 33 Results of Internal Monitoring in...

...56 ii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1 Total Radiation Exposure Received by Personnel at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy Facilities 1958-2010............................................... 4 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1 Initial Laboratory...

...and Prototype Operations ............................................. 3 TABLE 2 Occupational Radiation Exposure Received by Personnel Monitored at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy Laboratories .......... 24 TABLE 3...

...Occupational Radiation Exposure Received by Personnel Monitored at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy...

...Prototype Sites and Naval Reactors Facility ............................................................................ 25...

...TABLE 4 Naval Reactors' Department of Energy Facilities Distribution of Personnel Radiation...

...Exposure ............................................................... 26 TABLE 5 Lifetime Radiation Exposure Associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy Facilities ..................................................................

...a single headquarters organization. Within the Department of Energy, the organization is designated as the Office of Naval Reactors. It operates two Department of Energy laboratories; one Department of Energy site with two operating and one...

...prototype nuclear propulsion plants; and nuclear component engineering and procurement organizations. Table 1 shows the facilities that have conducted radioactive work associated with the Naval Reactors Program and the date when such...

...work began. Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities provide research and development, engineering, training, and supply support for the Navy's 71 nuclear- powered submarines and 11 nuclear-powered...

...were in operation at the end of 2010. Radiation exposures to personnel monitored for radiation associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities are summarized in this report. Also included in this report is radiation exposure...

...Power Station, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, prior to its dismantlement. Shippingport was developed by the Naval Reactors Program (in conjunction with Duquesne Light Company) as the world's first full-scale nuclear power plant solely for...

...Program personnel have ever, in over 50 years of operation, exceeded the Federal lifetime limit. The average occupational exposure of each person monitored at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities since 1958 is 0.106 rem per year....

...The lifetime 2 accumulated exposure from radiation associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities to date for all personnel monitored has averaged less than 0.4 rem per person....

...estimating risk, the lifetime risk to the group of personnel occupationally exposed to radiation associated with the Naval Reactors Program is less than the risk these same personnel have from exposure to natural background radiation. This...

...From 1950 to 1953, the Separations Process Research Unit at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory performed non-Naval Reactors Program laboratory testing of radionuclide separation processes on behalf of the Atomic Energy Commission. Following...

...Atomic Power Laboratory West Mifflin, Pennsylvania 1950 Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory Schenectady, New York 19501 Naval Reactors Facility Idaho Falls, Idaho 1953 Kenneth A. Kesselring Site Ballston Spa, New York 1955 Windsor Site Operation...

...19573 Bechtel Plant Machinery, Incorporated – Pittsburgh Monroeville, Pennsylvania N/A4 Bechtel Plant Machinery, Incorporated – Schenectady Schenectady, New York N/A4 1. Naval Reactors Program work began at Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory...

...in 1950. Non-Naval Reactors Program isotope separations process research work was performed at Knolls on behalf of the Atomic Energy Commission from 1947 through 1953. 2. In 1993, training operations at the Windsor Site Operation prototype...

...08 10 Total Exposure (Rem ) Per Year Total Exposure (Rem ) Per Year Year FIGURE 1 TOTAL RADIATION EXPOSURE RECEIVED BY PERSONNEL AT NAVAL REACTORS' DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES 1958 - 2010 Total Exposure (Rem) With LWBR Core Fabrication...

...and Installation 4 5 EXTERNAL RADIATION EXPOSURE Policy and Limits The policy of the Naval Reactors Program is to reduce exposure to...

...personnel from ionizing radiation associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities to a level as low as reasonably achievable. Prior to 1960, the Federal radiation exposure limit used in the U.S. for whole body radiation was...

...be infrequent. Although none of the other organizations referred to above changed their recommendations, the Naval Reactors Program adopted 5 rem per year as a rigorous limit, effective in 1967. 1. 1 rem = 0.01 Sievert 2. References are...

...Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 20, making the 5 rem annual limit effective on or before January 1, 1994. The Naval Reactors Program radiation exposure limits since 1967 have been: 3 rem per quarter 5 rem per year Special higher limits...

...Controls are also in effect to minimize any occupational radiation exposure to the unborn child of a pregnant worker. Each Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facility is required to have an active program to keep radiation exposure...

...as low as reasonably achievable. Sources of Radiation at Prototypes and Naval Reactors Facility One...

...of the Naval Reactors Department of Energy sites operates two prototype naval nuclear propulsion plants (Kesselring Site Operation, Ballston Spa, New York). This facility is engaged in testing nuclear...

...propulsion plant technology for the U.S. Navy and training U.S. Navy propulsion plant operators. The Naval Reactors Facility on the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) site near Idaho Falls, Idaho,...

...has prototype plants that have been inactivated. The Naval Reactors Facility also houses the Expended Core Facility. Personnel at the Expended Core Facility receive, examine, and prepare spent...

...for interim storage or emplacement in a geological repository. The Expended Core Facility also examines the Naval Reactors Program's irradiated material samples from the INL's Test Reactor Area. The radiation exposures at the prototype...

...Since student training at the Naval Reactors Facility ended in 1995, the majority of radiation exposure there is due to work associated with shielded reactor fuel...

...and servicing reactor fuel shipping containers. In 2010, radiation exposure at the prototypes and Naval Reactors Facility was 112 rem. This is an increase of 49.4 rem from 2009. This...

...prototype plant maintenance involving higher radiation exposures. Sources of Radiation at Laboratories The two Naval Reactors' laboratories (Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory,...

...inside the Shippingport powerplant. 8 Also included is the small amount of exposure to personnel assigned to the Naval Reactors' Department of Energy nuclear component engineering and procurement organizations (Bechtel Plant Machinery,...

...these facilities received a combined total of about 3.12 rem of occupational radiation exposure. Since no radioactive material is handled at these facilities, this exposure is the result of visits to other Naval Reactors Program activities....

...In 2010, the total radiation exposure at the Naval Reactors' Department of Energy laboratories was 10.1 rem. This is an increase of 3.4 rem from 2009. This increase was expected due to increased work in the course of facility decontaminaton...

...radioactive material outside of reactor plants is handled only in specially designed and shielded facilities. Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities minimize the number of places where radioactive material is allowed. Stringent...

...placed in yellow plastic, the use of which is reserved solely for radioactive material. All personnel assigned to Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities are trained to recognize that yellow plastic identifies radioactive material...

...and converted to units of radiation exposure. When the first personnel radiation exposures were measured in Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities, there already was widespread photodosimetry experience and precise procedures...

...Physical Examinations Radiation medical examinations have been required since the beginning of operations by Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities for personnel who perform work involving radioactive contamination or who could...

...to qualify for radioactive work does not mean they cannot work at the facility in any capacity. No worker at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities has been released solely for inability to pass a radiation medical examination....

...examinations are given prior to initial work, periodically thereafter, and at termination of radioactive work in the Naval Reactors Program (or at termination of employment). The periodic examinations are conducted in accordance with the...

...the general and specific radiological conditions which they might encounter, (b) their responsibility to the Naval Reactors Program and the public for safe handling of radioactive materials, (c) the risks associated with radiation exposure,...

...of a naval nuclear propulsion prototype plant, the prospective plant manager attends a 3-month course at the Naval Reactors Program Headquarters. The radiological controls portion of this course covers advanced topics and assumes that the...

...Keeping personnel radiation exposures as low as reasonably achievable involves all levels of management at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. Operations, maintenance, and repair personnel are required to be involved in this...

...of exposure control levels, which are lower than the Program's quarterly and annual limits. Control levels at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities range from 0.1 rem to 2 rem for the year (depending on the amount of radioactive...

...measurements • Evaluate use of fewer workers • Reevaluate reducing radiation exposures Since its inception, the Naval Reactors Program has stressed the reduction of personnel radiation exposure. Measures that have been taken to reduce...

...reduce radiation exposure developed at one organization are made available for use by other organizations in the Naval Reactors Program. This effort allows all of the organizations to take advantage of the experience and developments at one...

...unnecessary duplication of effort. 22 The extensive efforts that have been taken to reduce radiation exposure at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities have also had other benefits, such as reduced cost to perform radioactive work...

...maintenance. The overall result is improved reliability and reduced costs. Radiation Exposure Data The total occupational radiation exposure received by all personnel at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities in 2010 was 122.5 rem....

...Tables 2 and 3 summarize radiation exposure received at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities since 1958. Figure...

...1 (on page 4) shows the total occupational radiation exposure received at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. The data show major increases in total radiation exposure in 1964 through 1966 and in 1975. In 1964 through 1966, and...

...by adding the annual numbers. The total number of personnel monitored for radiation exposure associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities is about 171,550 (including approximately 102,608 Navy personnel trained as naval...

...of these cases did personnel exceed the pre-1994 Federal accumulated limit of 5 rem for each year of age over 18, which was also established in 1960. Since it was adopted in 1967, no one has exceeded Naval Reactors' limit of 5 rem per year...

...for 23 radiation associated with the Naval Reactors Program at Department of Energy facilities. The 5 rem per year limit was formally adopted as the Federal...

...in 1994. The average lifetime accumulated radiation exposure for the 171,550 personnel who have been monitored at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities is about 0.301 rem. Although they account for a significant percentage of the...

...total number of personnel monitored, the average lifetime accumulated exposure from radiation associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities is about 1 rem. This radiation exposure is much less than the exposure the average...

...or her working lifetime (reference 10). 24 TABLE 2 OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION EXPOSURE RECEIVED BY PERSONNEL MONITORED AT NAVAL REACTORS' DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY LABORATORIES Number of Persons Monitored Per Year Who Total Personnel Total Received...

...monitored at the Shippingport Atomic Power Station. Data are not available in summary format. 2. Limit for Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities was changed to 5 rem per year in 1967. 3. Total radiation exposure for 1974 -1977...

...Breeder Reactor core at the Shippingport Atomic Power Station. If included, the totals become: 588, 2,660, 1,354, and 524. 25 TABLE 3 OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION EXPOSURE RECEIVED BY PERSONNEL MONITORED AT NAVAL REACTORS' DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY...

...PROTOTYPE SITES AND NAVAL REACTORS FACILITY Number of Persons Monitored Per Year Who Total Personnel Total Received Exposure in the Following Ranges (Rem) Monitored Exposure (Rem) 1 Year 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 >521 1958 2,415 83 77 50 27 3...

...operation of the Windsor Site was transferred from Combustion Engineering to General Electric. 2. Limit for Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities was changed to 5 rem per year in 1967. 3. Student training and prototype operation...

...in higher radiation fields as discussed earlier in this report; 11 were Naval shipyard personnel. 26 TABLE 4 NAVAL REACTORS' DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES DISTRIBUTION OF PERSONNEL RADIATION EXPOSURE Average Rem Per % of Personnel Who...

...in 1995. 27 Table 5 provides information on the distribution of lifetime accumulated radiation exposures for all personnel who were monitored in 2010 for radiation exposure associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities....

...TABLE 5 LIFETIME RADIATION EXPOSURE ASSOCIATED WITH NAVAL REACTORS' DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES Percentage of Personnel Range of Accumulated Monitored in 2010 with Lifetime Radiation Lifetime Accumulated Radiation Exposures (Rem)...

...11). Among all personnel monitored in 2010, there is currently no worker with a lifetime accumulated exposure greater than the NCRP recommended level of 1 rem times his or her age from radiation associated with the Naval Reactors Program....

...28 INTERNAL RADIOACTIVITY Policy and Limits Naval Reactors' policy on internal radioactivity...

...for personnel associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities continues to be the same as it was more than five decades ago—to prevent significant radiation exposure to personnel from internal radioactivity. The limits...

...occupational exposure limit from internal radiation exposure caused by radioactivity associated with work at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. Since 1980, 27 personnel have had internally deposited radioactivity greater...

...thousandth (0.1 percent) of the Federal annual limit on intake (ALI) from radioactivity associated with work at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities or greater than 0.01 millionths of a curie of cobalt-60 (about 0.05 percent of...

...from natural background sources in the U.S. ). Table 6 includes a summary of internal contamination events at Naval Reactors Department of Energy Facilities. Although these occurrences had no adverse impact on the health of the personnel...

...at various times for thyroid and for bones; however, use of these specific higher limits was not necessary at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. For most organs of the body, the limit recommended by the U.S. National Committee...

...reference 9), and were incorporated as Federal limits in 1994. Sources of Radioactivity at Prototypes and Naval Reactors Facility Radioactivity can get inside the body through air, through water or food, and through surface contamination...

...As a result of being designed to withstand the rigor of combat, naval reactor fuel elements retain fission products— including fission gases—within the fuel. Sensitive measurements are frequently made to verify the integrity of reactor...

...is immediately stopped. This conservative action is taken to minimize internal radioactivity even though the Naval Reactors' airborne radioactivity limit would allow continuous breathing for 40 hours per week throughout the year to reach an...

...or concrete, or it can migrate 31 from the underlying ground. In fact, most cases of airborne radioactivity above Naval Reactors' conservative airborne radioactivity limit in occupied areas have been caused by atmospheric radon, which has a...

...naturally occurring radon. Control of Radioactive Surface Contamination Perhaps the most restrictive regulations in Naval Reactors’ radiological controls program are those for controlling radioactive contamination. Work operations involving...

...he or she may remove the temporary disqualification. There have been only a few cases of contaminated wounds at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. In most years, none occur. Examples of such injuries that have occurred in the...

...wounds have been promptly and easily decontaminated. Monitoring for Internal Radioactivity at Prototypes and Naval Reactors Facility The radionuclide of most concern for internal radiation exposure from naval nuclear propulsion prototype...

...radioactive surface contamination. Monitoring the entire body (not just the hands and feet) is a requirement at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. Therefore, if a person had as little as a one-millionth of a curie of cobalt-60...

...uses a type of gamma scintillation or semiconductor detector that will reliably detect an amount of cobalt-60 inside the body more than 100 times lower than a microcurie used in the examples above. Naval Reactors' prototype sites...

...and the Naval Reactors Facility monitor each employee for internal radioactivity before initially performing radiation work, after terminating radiation...

...work, and periodically in between. Anyone at the prototype or Naval Reactors Facility who has radioactive contamination above the limit anywhere on the skin during regular monitoring at the exit from a radiologically controlled area is...

...used. This calibration involves checking the equipment's response to a known source of radiation. In addition, Naval Reactors has an independent quality assurance program in which prototype organizations that perform internal monitoring are...

...equipment use to further verify system performance. Although internal monitoring is routinely performed at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities, internal monitoring results are not used to control personnel radiation exposure...

...personnel were monitored for internally deposited radioactivity. There were no internal contamination events at Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities during 2010 that resulted in personnel with internally deposited radioactivity...

...greater than one-tenth of one percent (0.1 percent) of the Federal Annual Limit on Intake (ALI) from radioactivity associated with work at Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities. September 2010 Spread of Radioactivity from SPRU...

...Demolition Work The Separations Process Research Unit (SPRU) at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory performed non-Naval Reactors Program laboratory testing of radionuclide separation processes used in production at the Atomic Energy...

...6 includes a summary of radioactive skin contamination occurrences and internal deposits of radioactivity at Naval Reactor’s Department of Energy facilities. Radioactive skin contaminations that have occurred over the years involved low...

...with these occurrences are well below Federal limits. Occurrences of internally deposited radioactivity at Naval Reactors’ Department Of Energy facilities over the years have involved the uptake of very low levels of radioactivity. In each...

...in greater than a tenth of a percent (0.1 percent) of the Federal ALI from radioactivity associated with work at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities or greater than 0.01 millionths of a curie of cobalt-60 (about 0.05 percent of...

...Contaminations Internally Deposited Radioactivity 37 EFFECTS OF RADIATION ON PERSONNEL Control of radiation exposure at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities has always been based on the assumption that any exposure, no matter how...

...reference 9). One conclusion from these reports is that radiation exposures to personnel should be minimized, but this is not a new conclusion. It has been a major driving force of the Naval Reactors Program since its inception in 1948....

...Radiation Exposure Comparisons The success of Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities in minimizing exposures to personnel can be evaluated by making some radiation exposure comparisons. Annual Exposure One important measure of...

...of exposure an individual receives in a year. Tables 2 and 3 show that since 1979, no individual has received more than 2 rem in a year as a result of working at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. Also, from Table 4 it can be...

...seen that the average exposure per person monitored since 1979 is about 0.059 rem for prototype and Naval Reactors Facility personnel and 0.015 rem for laboratory personnel; the overall average annual exposure since 1979 is about 0.05 rem....

...38 • The Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program limits an individual’s dose to 3 rem in one quarter. No one in the Naval Reactors' Program has exceeded 2 rem in one year since 1979—less than half the Federal annual limit of 5 rem. • A total of...

...due to cosmic radiation (reference 10). For additional perspective, the annual exposures for personnel at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities may also be compared to natural background and medical exposures: • The maximum annual...

...dose. Collective dose is used as a measure of the theoretical effect on the personnel occupationally exposed at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities taken as a group, and is an indicator of the effectiveness of the Program's...

...From Tables 2 and 3, it can be seen that the collective dose received by all 5,921 personnel monitored at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities in 2010 was 122.5 rem. The following statements give perspective on this collective...

...airline flight crew personnel (reference 10). For even further perspective, this collective dose to personnel at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities may also be compared to collective doses from radiation exposures not related...

...Radiation Exposure to Personnel The preceding statements show that occupational exposures to individuals working at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities are small when compared to other occupational exposures and limits, and are...

...Program for occupational radiation exposure to Navy personnel has also been achieved for the personnel at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. Studies of the Effects of Radiation on Human Beings Observations on the biological...

...experiments involving human subjects performed or supported by the Department of Energy or predecessor agencies. The Naval Reactors Program has never conducted or supported any radiation experiments on human beings. As discussed in this...

...exposed to 1 rem (equivalent to three times the average lifetime accumulated dose for an individual working at a Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facility), it would take more than 500,000 people in order to detect an excess in lung...

...25]). This is approximately three times the number of people who have performed radioactive work at all the Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities over the last 56 years. Another limiting factor is the relatively short time since...

...seen for leukemia in adults or for childhood cancers as a group (reference 27). Of particular interest to workers at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities are studies of groups occupationally exposed to radiation. A 1990 survey of...

...in the U.S. showed that there were about 350,000 workers under study (reference 25). For more than a decade, Naval Reactors Program personnel have been among populations being studied. These studies are discussed below. In 1978, Congress...

...risk of leukemia or other cancers associated with exposure to low levels of gamma radiation. This study is of particular interest to workers at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities because the type of radioactivity, level of...

...exposure, and method of radiological controls at these shipyards are similar to Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. This study did not show any cancer risks linked to radiation exposure. Furthermore, the overall death rate due...

...workers is over 2½ times higher than the average annual exposure of 0.106 rem received by personnel assigned to Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities since 1958. Considering the substantial amount of information that can be...

...National Laboratory (INL) who are occupationally exposed to radiation. This study includes civilian workers at the Naval Reactors Facility (NRF), which is located within INL. NIOSH has announced completion of this study. Initial conclusions...

...threshold effect and the risk is zero below the threshold dose. As stated at the beginning of this section, the Naval Reactors Program has always conservatively assumed that radiation exposure, no matter how small, may involve some risk. In...

...out." These statistics can be used to develop a risk estimate for personnel exposed to radiation associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. As stated previously, the average lifetime accumulated exposure for these...

...about 1 rem. Therefore, based on the risk estimate presented above, the average worker's lifetime risk of cancer mortality at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities may be statistically increased by about four one-hundredths of one...

...percent, or from 20 percent for the general population to 20.04 percent for a worker at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. Risk...

...Comparisons Table 7 compares calculated risks from occupational exposure at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities to other occupational risks. This permits evaluation of the relative hazard of this risk versus risks normally...

...1.5 Transportation and Public Utilities 1.0 All Industries Average 0.4 Government 0.4 Services 0.2 Manufacturing 0.2 Trade 0.2 Radiation exposure associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities (risk estimate) 0.042 Further...

...perspective on the lifetime risk from radiation exposure at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities may be gained by comparison to other everyday risks, as shown in Table 8. 1. Assumes a working lifetime of 47 years (age 18 to 65)....

...Poisoning 0.39 Drowning 0.09 Fires 0.08 Other Land Transport Accidents 0.03 Radiation exposure associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities (risk estimate) 0.041,2 1. For tobacco use, the risk assumes the population is at...

...and advisory organizations referenced herein has emphasized the need to minimize radiation 50 exposure. Thus, the Naval Reactors Program is committed to keeping radiation exposure to personnel as low as reasonably achievable. Scientific and...

...be confidently stated as zero. However, the above summaries show that the risk from radiation exposure associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities is low compared to the risks normally accepted in industrial work and in...

...kinds have been shown to be essential in maintaining high standards of radiological controls. To that end, the Naval Reactors Program has from its inception established a rigorous system of audits and reviews. First, all workers are...

...At least one assistant to this representative is assigned full-time to audit and review radiological controls. Seventh, Naval Reactors Headquarters personnel conduct periodic inspections of radiological controls in each facility....

...In addition, various aspects of the Naval Reactors Program have been reviewed by other Government agencies. For example,...

...the General Accounting Office (GAO) performed a 14-month in depth review of various aspects of Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. In...

...August 1991 (reference 39), GAO published the following conclusions: • We believe Naval Reactors Laboratories are accurately measuring, recording, and reporting...

...radiation exposures. • Naval Reactors’ reported exposures show that exposures have been minimal and overall are lower than commercial nuclear facilities and other Department of Energy facilities....

...Personnel who believe they have received an occupational injury may file claims. The personnel who operate Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities are employees of corporations operating facilities under contract to the Department...

...an administrative law judge. Either the employee or the contractor may appeal the judge's decision. In any case, the Naval Reactors Program would support any claim for radiation injury where it could be technically and scientifically shown...

...are counted as deferred. There have been a total of six claims filed for injury from radiation associated with Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities. Of these claims, one was awarded, four have either been denied or deferred, and...

...by the Secretary of Energy, who worked in facilities that processed or produced radioactive material for use in the production of atomic weapons. Because of the effectiveness of Naval Reactors’ worker protection, worker training, and...

...workplace monitoring programs, employees who performed Naval Reactors’ related...

...work at Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities were not included in the EEOICPA....

...As discussed earlier, the GAO reported to Congress in 1991 that “Naval Reactors Laboratories are accurately measuring, recording, and reporting radiation exposures,” and “exposures have been minimal and overall are lower than commercial...

...Energy facilities. ” This longstanding record of effectiveness supports the conclusion by Congress that workers at Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities did not need the compensation alternatives created for workers in the nuclear...

...weapons complex by the EEOICPA. Some personnel who were employed at Naval Reactors’ Department of Energy facilities during certain periods are covered by the...

...EEOICPA because those facilities performed nuclear weapons work unrelated to the Naval Reactors Program. These facilities include the Separations Process Research Unit at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, the Peek Street Facility in...

...Management. . In March 1965, the radiological controls previously used for this work under the Atomic Energy Commission were supplanted by controls specifically approved by Naval Reactors. Therefore, work after March 1965 to maintain...

...Separation Process Research Unit facilities in protective layup were under the authority of Naval Reactors and outside the scope of the EEOICPA. Property containing the legacy Separations Process Research Unit facilities was...

...of Energy Division of Environmental Management for remediation in 2007 and is no longer under the authority of Naval Reactors. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the General Electric Company operated two Federal Government facilities in...

...the Sacandaga Facility. Though these sites were decontaminated, decommissioned, and sold to private parties in the mid-1950s, Naval Reactors resurveyed these sites between 1988 and 1991 to ensure compliance with current Department of Energy...

...guidelines. Based on those surveys, additional minor remediation was completed by Naval Reactors in 1994. Therefore, work at the Peek Street Facility...

...and the Sacandaga Facility in the 1980s and 1990s was under the regulatory oversight of Naval Reactors and is outside the scope of the EEOICPA....

...As discussed earlierin this report, Naval Reactors was responsible for regulatory oversight throughout the construction and operation of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station....

...When operation of the station ended and defueling was completed in September 1984, Naval Reactors transferred oversight responsibility for the station to the Department of Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action....

...Therefore, work at the Shippingport Atomic Power Station before September 1984 is outside the scope of the EEOICPA. Naval Reactors and its contractors maintain custody of employment and radiation exposure records for personnel who worked at...

...Industrial Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) division of the Department of Health and Human Services, Naval Reactors provides employment verification and radiation exposure information in accordance with the procedures required by the...

...NIOSH performs a radiation dose reconstruction to support a determination of causation and ultimate award or denial of benefits. Through December 2010, Naval Reactors has provided dose information to NIOSH for 45 claims 54 for personnel...

...whose employment included non-Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program work at facilities now under Naval Reactors cognizance. 55 ABNORMAL OCCURRENCES It is a fact of human nature that people make mistakes. The key to a good radiological controls...

...that lead to more serious consequences. The preceding section on inspections supports the conclusion that the Naval Reactors Program gives more attention to errors and their prevention than to any other single subject. Requiring constant...

...follow a written procedure verbatim. However, the broadest interpretation of the term "deficiency" is used in Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities' radiological controls program. Anything involved with radiation or radioactivity...

...radiological incidents. ” Incidents receive further management review, including evaluation by senior personnel at Naval Reactors Headquarters and review by the Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion. Improvement programs over the years have...

...at reducing the number of radiological incidents. As improvements occurred, the definition of what constitutes a Naval Reactors incident was changed to define smaller and smaller deficiencies as incidents. These changes were made so that...

...similar criteria to define a radiation-related abnormal occurrence; abnormal occurrences are included in the NRC's quarterly report to Congress. Naval Reactors regularly evaluates radiological events using these criteria for comparison....

...Since the beginning of operations at Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities, there has never been a single radiation incident that met the criteria...

...of a Type A or abnormal occurrence. The policy of the Naval Reactors Program is to provide for close cooperation and effective communication with State radiological officials involving occurrences that...

...might cause concern because of radiological effects associated with Program facilities. The Naval Reactors Program has reviewed radiological matters with...

...State radiological officials in the States where Naval Reactors' Department of Energy facilities operate. Although there has never been an abnormal occurrence that has resulted in radiological effects to the public outside these facilities...

...Accounting Office Report GAO/RCED-91-157, "NUCLEAR HEALTH AND SAFETY - Environmental, Health, and Safety Practices at Naval Reactors Facilities," August 1991 40 Federal Register, Volume 69, Number 162, page 51,825, dated August 23, 2004 41...

...radioactivity. The design specifications for reactor fuel are much more stringent for warships than for commercial power reactors. Naval nuclear propulsion prototype plants are built to the same high standards as nuclear-powered warships....

...boron is not used in reactor coolant for normal reactivity control in naval nuclear propulsion prototype plants, the amount of tritium in reactor coolant is far less than in typical commercial power reactors. The small amount that is...

...plant. In 2010, approximately half the exposure at the Kesselring Site Operation (52.9 rem) was received by workers from Naval shipyards performing complex maintenance on one of the prototype reactor plants at the Kesselring Site....

...with irradiated nuclear fuel. Highly trained, specialized personnel examine 30 and evaluate the reactor cores removed from U.S. naval nuclear-powered submarines, aircraft carriers, and prototype plants. These evaluations are performed to...

...such as uranium and plutonium) are retained within the fuel elements and are not accessible to personnel operating or maintaining a naval nuclear propulsion prototype plant. Because of the high integrity of reactor fuel and because soluble...

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9Title:  Request for Naval Reactors comment on Project Prometheus Add
 Summary:  A formal request, from the Naval Reactors Prime Contractor Team (NRPCT) to Naval Reactors requesting comment on the reactor safety requirements for NASA's Project Prometheus. Project Prometheus was created in 2003 to design reactors for long-duration space missions. The NRPCT, requesting the review, included engineers from Lockeed Martin, the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, and the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory (the latter two being long-time contractors for Naval Reactors). The letter describes the team's primary goal: "Consistent with Naval Reactors program philosophy...no undue risk to the health and safety of workers, the public, or adverse effects to the environment should result from activities associated with the nuclear reactor of the Prometheus project." 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge/product.biblio.jsp?osti_id=883434 
 Date:  28 April 2005 
 Subject(s):  Project Prometheus | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 
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...Laboratory Post mice Box 1072Schen&dy. N.Y. 12301-1072 Telephone (518) 395-4030 Facsimile (518) 395-4422 L O C K H E E D SPP-SRS-0002 April 28, 2005 Page 1 The Manager Schenectady Naval Reactors Office United States Department of Energy...

...Schenectady, New York Subject: Request for Naval Reactors Comment on Proposed PROMETHEUS Space Flight Nuclear...

...Reactor High Tier Reactor Safety Requirements and for Naval Reactors Approval to Transmit These Requirements to Jet Propulsion Laboratory References: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Nuclear Safety Policy Working Group Recommendations on Nuclear...

...entry. PRE-DECISIONAL - For planning and discussion purposes only L a CONCURRENCEIDESIGN CHECK FORM FOR DOCUMENT NO. SPP-SRS-0002 Date: 4/28/05 DOCUMENT TITLE: Request for Naval Reactors Comment on Proposed PROMETHEUS Space Flight Reactors...

...High Tier Reactor Safety Requirements and for Naval Reactors Approval to Transmit These Requirements to Jet Propulsion Laboratory REFERENCES ENCLOSURES: 1. ADSARS: PERMANENT RECORD: Yes x No - Repository MFLlB Corporate Author: KAPL NR...

...of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Documented Safety Analyses", July 1994. Dear Sir: The purpose of this letter is to request Naval Reactors comments on the nuclear reactor high tier requirements for the PROMETHEUS space flight...

...reactor design, pre-launch operations, launch, ascent, operation, and disposal, and to request Naval Reactors approval to transmit these requirements to Jet Propulsion Laboratory to ensure consistency between the reactor safety requirements...

...nuclear reactor high tier safety requirements are consistent with the long standing safety culture of the Naval Reactors Program and its commitment to protecting the health and safety of the public and the environment. In addition, the...

...Cassini (Reference 4) and SP-100 (Reference 5). 1. DISCUSSION A. Space Reactor Safety Requirements Consistent with Naval Reactors program philosophy, the cornerstone of the PROMETHEUS nuclear reactor safety approach is that no undue risk to...

...nuclear test facilities, and disposal facilities are anticipated to be generally similar to those invoked for other Naval Reactors program reactors and any required changes to those requirements or differences in implementation will also be...

...protection of the environment became a prevalent endeavor among the general public, it was a high priority in the Naval Reactors Program. The Program maintains the same rigorous attitude towards the control of radioactivity and protection...

...safety approaches and corresponding reactor safety requirements to those described above were considered. They are presented here for completeness and Naval Reactors information, but are not recommended. These include the following: A....

...The overall PROMETHEUS project reactor safety philosophy (Tier 1) should be based on traditional Naval Reactors philosophy that emphasizes the...

...safety culture of the Naval reactors program and the "defense-in-depthUand the "As Low As Reasonably Achievable (AURA)" principles. The corresponding Tier 1 reactor safety requirements proposed were: 1. The primary emphasis of the design,...

...the PROMETHEUS flight reactors (Tier 2) should be consistent with the traditional, deterministic approach of the Naval Reactors program. This approach led to a proposed requirement that criticality be precluded for all accidents assuming a...

...tier 1 requirements) and for the flight reactor (tier 2 requirements) are summarized in Tables 2 and 3. V. NAVAL REACTORS ACTION REQUESTED NR comments are requested on the proposed tier-1 reactor safety requirements for the PROMETHEUS...

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10Title:  Review of naval reactor program and Admiral Rickover award Add
 Summary:  This document is the unclassified record of two Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearings from April 1959. At the second hearing, Vice Admiral Hyman Rickover, who led the Naval Reactors program, was presented with a congressional gold medal in recognition of his efforts, which included the successful application of nuclear power to submarines and Naval Reactors support for the first nuclear power plant designed for civilian purposes. A significant portion of the hearing addresses reactor safety and radiological controls issues. The joint Atomic Energy Commission and Navy responsibilities in the Naval Reactors program is nicely described by Rickover during a discussion on reactor safety: "Before the Nautilus reactor was started we drew up an agreement between the AEC and the Department of Defense which recognized that each agency had a responsibility where the safeguards aspect of naval reactors was concerned....This agreement, and the memorandums of understanding between the AEC and the Navy which followed it, provided that the AEC would present the design of the reactor plant to the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards for a safety review and that the results of this review would be forwarded by the AEC to the Navy for their guidance. The reactor plant would then become the responsibility of the Navy, except that the Navy was obligated to make available to the AEC all pertinent information and data concerning operation, including safety standards and operational experiences" (5). The first April 1959 hearing was held on board the USS Skipjack, a newly-commissioned nuclear submarine, and both Rickover and Captain Eugene Wilkinson (the first captain of the USS Nautilus) describe the improvements between the Nautilus, which was commissioned in 1954, and the Skipjack, including improved speed and underwater performance, a shift to a single propeller for propulsion, and easing access to machinery for maintenance. Rickover describes the program's rapid growth, following the successful operation of the S1W plant, the Nautilus, and the Shippingport Atomic Power Station. At this point in 1959, "Congress has authorized a total of 33 nuclear-powered submarines. Of the 33, 5 are presently in operation and the others are either under construction or shortly will be under construction....Congress has also authorized a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier...a nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser and a nuclear-powered fleet destroyer" (29-30). 
 Source:  http://collections.stanford.edu/atomicenergy/bin/search/advanced/process?clauseMapped%28catKey%29=3163480&sort=title 
 Date:   1959 
 Subject(s):  Rickover, Hyman G. | Naval Reactors 
 
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...Hayes and D. E. Thomas. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 81 "Properties of Uranium Dioxide," edited by J. Belle. "Reactor Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Handbook," edited by J. Zerbe. "Nuclear Reactor Design Manual," edited by N. J. Palladino,...

...of the Atomic Energy Commission present: Hon. John A. McCone, Chairman; and Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, Chief, Naval Reactors Branch. Committee staff members present: James T. Ramey, executive director; John T. Conway, assistant director;...

...on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, a selection of papers reprinted from their periodic unclassified report on naval reactor and Shippingport technology. The scope and detail of these papers is indicated by their titles, which follow:...

...iillt' HEARINGS BEFORE THE ON ATOMIC ENERGY OE THE UNITED STATES EIGHTY-SIXTH CONGRESS JFIRST, SESSION ON REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM AND ADMIRAL RICKOVER AWARD Printed for the use of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy UNITED STATES...

...Lyndon B. (Texas), majority leader in the Senate of the United States 35 Rickover, Vice Adm. Hyman G. , Chief, Naval Reactors Branch, Atomic Energy Commission 29, 37 Van Zandt, Hon. James E. (Pennsylvania), member of the Joint Com- mittee...

...^gold medal presented to Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover 45 APPENDIXES Appendix 2. Early history of the pressurized water reactor (IPWR) at Shippingport, Pa 59 Appendix 3. Technical benefit derived from the naval reactors and Ship- pingport...

...programs 71 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM SATUBDAY, APBH, 11, 1959 CONGRESS OP THE UNITED STATES, JOINT COMMITTEE ON ATOMIC ENERGY. The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy met pursuant to call at 8 p.m. , in the ward room of the U.S.S....

...Bauser, technical adviser, Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, Assistant Director for Naval Reactors, Division of Reactor Development, Atomic Energy Commis- sion; Comdr. William W. Behrens, U.S. Navy, commanding...

...military requirement for the natural circulation reactor? Admiral RICKOVER. Yes, sir. 39991—59 i 20 REVIEW OF' NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Representative VAN ZANDT. Will you put the letter into the record? Admiral RICKOVER. Yes, sir. (The letter...

...can only say that we were deeper than 400 feet and moving faster than 20 knots. In 1955 some of us REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 25 also travelled on the Nautilus and we were impressed today by the many technical advances and substantial...

...and James T. Ramey, Execu- tive Director of the Joint Committee Staff. (The hearing adjourned at 9:43 p.m. ) NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM AND ADMIRAL RICKOVER AWARD WEDNESDAY, APBIL 15, 1959 CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, JOINT COMMITTEE ON ATOMIC...

...is John Taber? John, we should have you right up here. You were supposed to be up here. [Applause. ] 34 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM I am happy to bear eloquent testimony to the fact that John Taber is one of the truly fine people in the...

...the Shippingport project—and from the development of naval reactors too—I wish I had time to tell you more about it. Chairman ANDERSON. Could you give us a list to insert in the record? Admiral RICKOVER. Yes, sir. I would be glad to. (The...

...to shore or tender facilities for subsequent packaging and burial in accordance with approved procedures. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 53 D. Decontamination and laundry wastes Two other operations associated with reactor plants require...

...15 minute activity 1.75X10-' 1.47X10-> 1 43X10-' .90X10-* .83X10-' . 15X10-' .83X10-' .34X10-' 54 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM TABLE VIII. — USS "Nautilus" reactor coolant discharged in New London Harbor Date March 1955 April 1955 May...

...gr ou nd po in t 56 REVIEW 'OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM APPENDIX A BTTSHIPS INSTRUCTION 9890.5 From: Chief, Bureau of Ships. To: Distribution list. Subject: Disposal of radioactive effluents from U.S. naval nuclear-powered ships. Enclosure: (...

...1 3X10-> 4XWH 3X10-» 1.5X10-* 4X10-* 3X10-1 2X10-4 10 7X10-« 8X10-' 5X10-5 7X10-' 4X10-1ixio-i 20 6 58 REVIEW NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM APPENDIX B Summary of radionudide analyses on "Nautilus" and "Skate" reactor coolant PT. 1. USS "NAUTILUS" (...

...Corrosion Re- sistance of ASTM A-212 Carbon Steel in Primary and Secondary Water," L. R. Scharfstein. 80 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM "Corrosion of Shield Tank Materials in Lithium Chromate Solutions," E. Rau; and K. Jakobson. "Removal...

...quite- comprehensive and they are all unclassified except for one which contains classifie d design information. These naval reactors handbooks are: Published "Liquid Metals Handbook," first edition, edited by R. N. Lyon, June 1950;: second...

...by D. J. DePaul, March 1957 (published separately by Government Printing Office and' McGraw-Hill Book Co. , New York). Naval reactor-physics handbook, A. Radkowsky, chairman of editorial board. Volume II, "The" Physics of Pressurized Water...

...Reactors," edited by S. 'Krasik,. March 1959 (confidential); volume III, "The Physics of Intermediate Spectrum Reactors," edited by J. R. Stehn, September 1958. In -preparation Naval reactors physics handbook, A. Radkowsk}...

...T, chairman of editorial board.. Volume I, "The Physics of Naval Reactors; Basic Techniques," edited by A_ Radkowsky. "Metallurgy of Hafnium," edited by E. T....

...tor devoted exclusively to production of electricity. The hearing also included a review by Admiral Rickover of the naval reactor program which is hereby made a part of the printed record. C O N T E N T S SATURDAY, APRIL 11, 1959 LIST OF...

...necessity to continue, close safeguards review by the Naval Reactors Branch 8 Excerpts from letters from the Advisory Committee on...

...Reactor Safeguards and the AEC expressing concern over hazards of operating naval reactors in part 9 Joint Committee on Atomic Energy press release, dated April 12, 1959, announcing the recordbreaking performance of the Skipjack 24 Table...

...to meet the fine officers and crew of this submarine and to observe them in their important work. 2 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM STATEMENT OF VICE ADM. HYMAN G. RICKOVER, USN Admiral RICKOVER. Thank you very much, sir. I want to say one...

...the first two nuclear submarines; isn't that correct, Admiral? Admiral RICKOVER. Yes, sir. 39991—59 2 4 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Senator JACKSON. I know the entire committee congratulates the captain of the ship and the entire crew...

...responsibility for protecting the public. After all, the AEC and its agents made the uranium, they designed REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 5 and built the reactor, and they designed and built the reactor plant and its safety system. They...

...the Department of Defense which recognized that each agency had a responsibility where the safeguards aspect of naval reactors was concerned. Nobody questioned it then; it is only recently that the AEC responsibility in this area has been...

...This operating instruction makes it clear that the Navy is responsible for operating their ships but that REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 7 the AEC has statutory responsibilities to protect the public. Is any- one objecting to that? Admiral...

...ships closely. I would like to illustrate this by reading you some excerpts from their letters to the AEC regarding naval reactors. I understand that the AEC is furnishing your committee with copies of letters they have received from the...

...in some excerpts. They fall into two categories: first, expressions of concern over the hazards of operating naval reactors in port; and second, expressions of their confidence in the close safeguards review which I and my people are giving...

...THE ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION EXPRESSING CON- FIDENCE IN, AND NECESSITY TO CONTINUE, CLOSE SAFEGUARDS REVIEW BY THE NAVAL REACTORS BRANCH 1. Excerpt from minutes of Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards transmitted by a letter from the...

...problems achieved in the case of the Nautilus has been the result of continuing effort by the staff in the Naval Reactors Branch and the Bureau of Ships respon- sible for this program. Many of the problems involved have been unprecedented....

...that an important factor in achieving this safety record was the high quality and degree of review afforded by the Naval Reactors Branch of the Division of Reactor Development during design and initial operation of these ships. "In order to...

...the Nautilus and Seawolf, on the Committee's understanding that the same careful surveillance as was exercised by the Naval Reactor Branch in the design of the prior nuclear propulsion plants also will be applied to those aspects of design,...

...5. Excerpt from letter from Chairman, ACRS, to Chairman, AEC, dated August 5, 1958, subject "S5W powerplant": " The Naval Reactors Branch has demonstrated its ability to monitor the design and construction of nuclear powered vessels and to...

...emphasize knowledge of reactors and reactor safety. It also means that the experience and technicaljudgement of the Naval Reactors Branch must be utilized to the maximum extent in evaluating such operations. The problem assumes increasing...

...as the number of nuclear powered ships increases." 6. Excerpt from letter from Chairman, ACRS, to Chairman, AEC, dated November 12, 1958: REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 9 "At the request of the Chairman of the Commission, Admiral Rickover...

...de- scribed to the Committee the pertinent experience and lessons learned in the naval reactors program. The Navy's desire to bring nuclear submarines into various populous ports has resulted in considerably more of such operations than the...

...or entirely without risk. In this situation, the Committee depends heavily on the technical judgment of the Naval Reactors Branch to evaluate the risk as compared with the necessity for each case. Such judgment by persons responsible for...

...It was stated that the nuclear powerplant of theSkipjack demonstrated completely its stability and reliability during radical maneuvering, thus proving the basic emphasis placed on safety by the naval reactors group during the design,...

...construction, testing, and operation of naval reactor plants is worthwhile. The ACRS continues to consider it essential that such basic emphasis on safety be continued." II....

...ON REACTOR SAFE- GUARDS (ACRS), AND FROM THE ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION EXPRESSING CON- CERN OVER HAZARDS OF OPERATING NAVAL REACTORS IN PORT 1. Minutes of the February 17, 1954, meeting of the ACRS: "The committee again recommended for long-...

...and their hazards. "The committee endorses the present Navy practice to consult with and to be guided by the Naval Reactors Branch regarding reactor safety and opera- tional procedures for nuclear powered ships. It considers this practice...

...vessels in coastal areas. We believe, however, that eventually the Navy may need to make more 10 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM definitive the boundaries and limitations of the guiding principles (a) to (e) of 3.d(l) of OPNAV Instruction...

...in the Atomic Energy Commission. Senator ANDERSON. Is that applicable both when in our waters or out? REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM H Representative HOLIFIELD. I think that any ship that goes into international waters is subject to...

...Second. Radioactivity discharged to the environment by naval reactors and by the Shippingport station is insignificant; it has been shown to be so small as to have no detectable effect on the environ- ment. The amounts of radioactivity...

...by requiring heavier shielding on ships, by restricting the performance of maintenance on 39991—59 3 12 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM all reactor plants, by increasing the difficulty of controlling trace quantities of radioactivity in air...

...explain the basis for these conclusions in more detail. First I will discuss radiation and shielding. Present naval reactor shielding meets all existing civilian radiation standards and recommendations, and in addition has the following...

...cases shield weights could not be so increased without direct impairment of military character- istics. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 13 In addition to the question of weight, the problem of monitoring radiation levels even lower than...

...which should be investigated and corrected. This level has never been reached in any of our ships. 14 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM During 1958 the Nautilus and the Skate together discharged radio- active water into New London Harbor a...

...ships. The radiochemistry of the pressurized water reactor, or PWR, at Shippingport is similar to that of the naval reactors. The Duquesne Light Co. and the AEC voluntarily applied for a waste disposal permit from the State of Pennsylvania...

...actual measurement, the PWR in 1958 dumped only 0.035 curies of mixed radioisotopes into the river, plus 50 curies of tritium. As with the naval reactors, no effect on the radioactivity of the environ- ment has been detected. Finally I will...

...draw some comparisons. It should be borne in mind that under present regulations and operating procedures naval reactors and PWR discharge quantities of radioactivity which are small compared to natural environmental variations and trivial...

...Skate together and the 0.035 curies per year of mixed activity plus 50 curies per year of tritium at REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 15 the Shippingport Station present a striking contrast with the millions of curies per year of metallic...

...for operating personnel and for the public. The total amount of radioactivity released to the environment by naval reactors and by the Shippingport Station is trivial, based on environmental measurements and on comparisons with other...

...to them for naval application, based on military necessity and on demonstrated adequacy of present criteria on naval reactor plants. For these reason, the Navy would probably be unwilling to accept more restrictive radiation standards, and...

...PWR operation. I also arranged with the U.S. Public Health Service to station a Public Health officer at the Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Operations Office of the AEC at the Battis Plant to follow developments at Shippingport. Then, as you may...

...on radioactive waste handling at PWR, at Bettis and at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (KAPL) which designs naval reactors and is operated for the AEC by the General Electric Co. were prepared especially for the Joint Committee's hear-...

...or information were withheld. Senator AIKEN. What has been your policy on this sort of informa- tion regarding the naval reactors? Admiral RICKOVER. In September 1957, I arranged with the U.S. Public Health Service to have a meeting of all...

...the infor- mation were then given to Public Health officials by the U.S. Public Health Service. 18 REVIEW OF ,NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM I have also arranged with the appropriate local public health authorities, through the U.S. Public Health...

...have given us an excellent picture of the important work you are doing. We have a strong feeling of REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 19 pride for this nuclear navy, and a great deal of confidence in your work. We are highly pleased to have...

...will be greatly appreciated. Detailed guidance in connection with the development will be furnished through the Naval Reactor Branch of the Bureau of Ships. Sincerely, HERBERT B. LOPER, Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Atomic Energy)....

...the money and authority to pro- ceed with this modification this fiscal year, the plant will not be ready REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 21 to test the full capacity of the new reactor core, and the project will be delayed considerably....

...here and abroad is depending on the PWR information and what we are doing to advance the re- actor art. 22 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Representative HOLIFIELD. The $20 million you speak of would consist of $5 million for the change in...

...congratulated on their han- dling of this new model that is so important to the security of our country. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 23 Senator PASTORE. As you build new ones you make improvements and you have to build and try them out....

...Admiral Rickover gave a presentation on the accomplishments of the Skipjack and new develop- ments in the naval reactors program. In response to questions, the Admiral explained the safety features of the reactor design and operation of the...

...They will be avail- able in 3 or 4 days. Therefore we paid the price that all people pay 27 39991—59 5 28 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM who are trying something for the first time—some little flaw develops. I am as sorry about it as I can...

...Admiral Rickover our science is richer—our Nation is stronger. Over the years it has been the custom of the Joint Committee to have Admiral Bickover meet with us for an annual report on the naval reactors program. It occurred to us that it...

...would be fitting and in keeping with the workaday atmosphere of his naval reactors pro- gram if we heard today from the admiral on his work with submarines and at Shippingport. I am, therefore, going to let him go part way through his...

...is being built by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. at Newport News, Va. Congress 30 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM has also authorized a nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser and a nuclear-powered fleet destroyer; both are...

...being built by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Co. at Quincy, Mass. The naval reactors program is carried out by a group of 120 engi- neers and scientists at my Washington headquarters who supervise the work of the scientists and engineers of...

...carrier will be able to steam at full power for about 90,000 miles. The conventionally powered fleet REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 31 destroyer can go about 2,000 miles at full power; the nuclear-powered fleet destroyer will be able to go...

...a little bit and present to you a veryne team. As everyone knows, the Senate has been extremely fortu- REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 35 nate over the past few years in having a majority leader and a minority leader who were able to work...

...to provide him with an office. We hadn't made a provision for that in our services. 30991—69 6 36 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM However, as a result of his dynamic personality, as a result of his outstanding leadership, as a result of his...

...but rather the reputation that ensues from achievement and recognition that causes men, like fuel to the REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 37 fire, to strive for it and in the doing they enrich not only themselves but enrich their own country...

...of electric power. It is running right at this minute at its rated output of 60,000 kilo- watts. ' 38 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM The plant was designed by the Bettis Laboratory at Pittsburgh, Pa. , which is operated for the Atomic...

...by other reactor designers. We are proud of the compliment of being copied both here and abroad. That, of course, is one of the main reasons for the Shippingport project. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 39 We have learned so much from...

...team have done for the United States and the free people of the world. Under your personal direction, the Naval Reactors Branch of the Atomic Energy Commission, and the Navy Bureau of Ships have succeeded in obtaining for the United States...

...we made the breakthrough on political accomplishments in which we established the greatest exper- 42 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM iment in human living that the world had ever seen. Then getting down to the practical we established the...

...reference to the Admiral, I would like to mention that when I joined the Joint Committee immediately REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 43 after my separation from the Navy back in 1946, I was told there was a fellow in the Navy Department, by...

...that I did not want this ceremony to go on without the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. 44 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM On instructions of the Congress of the United States, in behalf of the American people, with their gratitude...

...busy leaders of our great country who have taken time out from your heavy responsibilities—to honor me. It is not 45 FACE OP THE MEDAL BACK OF THE MEDAL 46 REVIEW'OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM enough that I thank you from the bottom of my heart....

...I speak not only for myself but for all the devoted and hardworking members of the naval reactors group when I pledge that we shall continue our work with renewed enthusiasm and strength. We shall let nothing deter us from building a...

...naval ship is designed to be insufficient to cause any detectable activation of the sea water. 47 48 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM C. Fission products In addition to activated impurities, the reactor cooling water may contain trace...

...in the coolant 'water. All nuclides normally present in significant amounts in the reactor coolant of operating naval reactors and prototypes have been identified and their con- centrations determined. These determinations are performed...

...2 3.1X10-3 Dumping tolerance in /tc/cc 15. 2.ixio-J. 1.9. '50. 3X10-'. 8. 10. 90. 9X10-*. 3.0. 1x10-1. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 49 Complete results of the nuclide identification program performed on Nautilus and Skate coolant water...

...of 0.3 microcuries per cubic centimeter (juc/cc). Similar results have been obtained for the Skate and other naval reactors already operating. Nevertheless, initial and periodic checks on the activity of the nuclides present in the reactor...

...element defect that might lead to further plant operational or maintenance difficulties, continued operation of a naval reactor with fission products concentrations above waste disposal limits would not normally be permitted. TABLE II. —...

...discharge in the open sea, the instruction specifies no restriction because the quantities of waste 50 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM are small, the activities are normally well below the above dumping tolerances- and the dilution obtained...

...of water equal to the displacement of the ship would be more than enough to accomplish; this dilution. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 51 TABLE III. —Comparison of nuclide activities with dumping tolerance (all activities in Nuclide Mn«« ....

...to its dumping tolerance. The relative amounts of all these fission products has remained con- sistent on all naval reactor plants operated to date. For shipboard control of coolant waste disposal then, a radiochemical analysis for iodone...

...by passing a small bypass flow through an ion exchange resin. This resin becomes exhausted and is 52 REVIEW Ofr NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM replaced approximately every 6 months. Table V shows the radioactivity asso- ciated with the spent resin....

...Division, Quincy, Mass. Additional surveys will soon be initiated at Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry dock Co. , Virginia, and Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp. , Pascagoula, Miss. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 55 th ab ov e- ba ck...

...2.1X10-' 59 APPENDIX 2 EARLY HISTORY OF THE PRESSURIZED WATER REACTOR (PWR) AT SHIPPING- PORT, PA. PREPARED BY THE NAVAL REACTORS BRANCH, AEC On April 22, 1953, the National Security Council, the President approved the elimination of the...

...many contacts with industry, and investigations made during the lest 2 years by private groups. 60 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM "It is, therefore, the unanimous recommendation of the Commission that the pressurized light-water program...

...return to Washington about June 2, 1953. Boyer then stated that in his opinion the philosophy must be 62 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM adopted of definitely deciding to build a reactor and not to do studies and inves- tigations beyond a...

...completion, responsibility for this project within the Division of Reactor Development would be assigned to the Naval Reactors Branch. This action was in accordance with the plan earlier submitted by H.G. Rickover. During the month of June...

...be submitted for the perusal of the Joint Committee before it is put into effect. I am aware of the REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 63 fact that as of this date it is not yet certain whether the final provision will be stated in terms of...

...this development. Responsibility for this project within the Division of Reactor Development has been assigned to the Naval Reactor Branch, who will discuss the detailed program with you and your staff and with the contractor. "No public...

...in Washington for the time being." The technical features outlined in the teletype above were conceived by the Naval Reactors Branch. These were transmitted to Westinghouse through Lawton D. Geiger, manager, Pittsburgh area office, AEC, for...

...prerequisite to main- taining our lead in the atomic field. And your most effective assistance on 64 REVIEW 'OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM obtaining construction funds for a power reactor in the 1954 House independent offices appropriation bill...

...and organizational framework, namely, with Westinghouse as the prime con- tractor and the Reactor Development Division, Naval Reactors Branch, as the responsible Government supervising agency. It is our judgment that much time and momentum...

...choice was based solely on the admiral's unique experience and accomplishments in building propulsion REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 65 power reactors for the Commission and for the Navy. We have assured ourselves that the only Navy aspect...

...and that the Board proceed to hold discussions in the f M with officials of those which remained. 66 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM Accordingly, on March 2, 1954, a subcommittee of the Evaluation Board headed by H. G. Rickover began visits...

...foreseeing this possibility the company would design its generating plant with some reserve capacity. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 67 "It is not expected that this first plant will produce electric power at costs competitive with power...

...rendered. On April 19, 1954, an organizational meeting was held in Pittsburgh among representatives of the Naval Reactors Branch and the Pittsburgh area office, AEC, and of the Duquesne Light Co. At that meeting, at which H. G. Rickover was...

...be made con- cerning the administration of the project. As stated earlier, responsibility for the PWR project within the Division of Reactor Development, AEC, was assigned by the Commission to H. G. Rickover of the Naval Reactors Branch....

...The Naval Reactors Branch gave technical approval of all nuclear plant parameters, performance requirements, and details of design and development upon recommendation by Bettis. The Chicago Opera- tions...

...provided they met or were compatible with parameters and performance requirements previously approved by the Naval Reactors Branch. In each of the major participating organization? , a PWR project officer or project manager was appointed...

...schedule com- mittee was established on February 7, 1955, at a joint meeting of principal repre- sentatives of the Naval Reactors Branch, the Pittsburgh area office, the Duquesne Light Co. , and the Westinghouse Atomic Power Division. This...

...committee func- tioned under the chairmanship of J. H. Barker, Jr. , PWR project officer, Naval Reactors Branch. The objective of this committee was to prepare an integrated schedule for all major items of production and construction...

...the behavior of the .system under steady State and transient conditions. The committee sees no 70 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM new problems in connection with this reactor which would alter its previous recom- mendations." On November 1,...

...of the proceedings were subsequently published. All information regarding the PWR is now unclassified. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 71 During the course of construction at Shippingport, approximately 10,000 visitors toured the site and...

...incident, a continuous 100-hour full power run at 60,000 kilowatts of net electrical power. APPENDIX 3 TECHNICAL BENEFITS DERIVED FROM THE NAVAL REACTORS AND SHIPPINGPORT PROGRAMS It would be difficult to pinpoint all of the benefits...

...which result from a develop- ment program as broad as that supporting the naval reactors and Shippingport projects. Perhaps the simplest way to present the story is to start by mentioning a few basic developments of obvious significance and...

...unclassified, provides an appropriate example for this discussion. Zirconium and hafnium are good examples of naval reactor developments of wide application and significance. Until the time we started with the naval pro- gram these metals...

...of any nuclear powerplant are the pressure vessels, the pumps, valves, and the reactor control-rod mechanisms. The naval reactors and the Shippingport programs developed nearly all of the technology for this equipment which, again, is now...

...as a result of irradiation serve to reveal important basic characteristics of the fissioning process. REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 73 B. U03 fuel material development The major materials contribution of PWR in this field has been the...

...revealed the role of nickel contained in zircaloy in accelerating or increasing this absoiption 74 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM of hydrogen, and has pointed the way toward development of a class of zirconium alloys free of this injurious...

...of such units is expected to yield considerable information concerning the applicability of the design con- REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM 75 cepts employed. Hot laboratory techniques developed for postirradiation exami- nation of PWR fuel...

...238 content material in reactors of very extended lifetimes and high power. The analysis which is 76 REVIEW OF NAVAL REACTOR PROGRAM planned for selected irradiated fuel elements from the core 1 blanket including destructive testing will...

...had to be performed to develop this kind of core instrumentation. Some of the proof testing was done in_the naval reactor facility (S1W), Arco, Idaho. IV. MECHANICAL DESIGN Significant developments in the mechanical design and arrangements...

...we established the following policy: 1. All information on the Shippingport reactor is unclassified. 79 2. All naval reactor technology is unclassified. 3. Only design and military information remained classified. In line with this policy...

...tories to regularly publish unclassified reports several times a year reporting all of the latest developments in naval reactor technology. We also encouraged our contractors to report their work in technical papers published as Government...

...reports, or in professional journals, or presented before technical societies. As a result of these actions, the naval reactor laboratories have published—all unclassified and available to everyone—several hundred technical progress...

...or drawings. I believe that in the report- ing and dissemination of realty useful technical information, the naval reactors and Shippingport programs need take a back seat to no one. I will cite one example which illustrates the kind of...

...However, in our opinion, in the design and building of the PWR, useful technology having application to naval propulsion reactors will inevitably be developed. "We also believe that the PWR project will be a focus of interest and activity...

...tion reactor could result in substantial improvement in simplicity, reliability and inherent safety of naval pressurized water reactor plants. These potential im- provements are highly desirable, particularly for nuclear submarines which...

...B. Principal sources of radioactive waste The principal source of radioactive waste from all nuclear-powered naval ships is the reactor coolant water which contains small quantities of activated im- purities. The largest amounts of reactor...

...reactor operation. —As noted previously a complete analysis of all the significant radionuclides in the reactor coolant is made for each naval ship. (See table I and appendix B. ) If these concentrations of nuclides- in the reactor coolant...

...1957. 3. Scope. —This instruction applies, during construction or operation, to all U.S. naval nuclear-powered ships equipped With pressurized water reactor plants. 4. Reactor coolant sampling. —The following analyses are performed using...

...nuclides. These analyses have shown that the concentrations of radioactive nuclides in reactor coolant a few minutes after sampling for naval nuclear propulsion plants are approximately as shown in table I. The table shows for comparison...

...to build a reactor that will advance both civilian central station power technology and naval propulsion technology, you may rest assured that this reactor will be as you described it in your letter to Mr. Phillips of May 20—'a completely...

...Power Station. I have reached the fol- lowing conclusions: v First. Using present radiation standards, nuclear-powered naval ships and the Shippingport station provide adequate protection for the reactor plant operators and for the public....

...to radiation or radioactivity could impair the military effectiveness of our nuclear- powered naval ships. This even applies to civilian reactors. Further radiation restrictions would also impose an intolerable expense and administrative...

...of U.S. naval nuclear powerplants All nuclear-propelled U.S. naval ships now planned, in construction, or in oper- ation are powered by pressurized water reactors. In these reactors, pressurized water circulating through the reactor core...

...AEC, and the Atomic Energy Applications Division of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. The instruction states that for discharge in port, reactor coolant gross activity must be less than 3 /uc/cc and the fission product iodine131...

...the subject of repair and maintenance of nuclear propulsion plants for naval ships 6 ADDITIONAL MATERIAL SUPPLIED FOR THE RECORD Excerpts from letters from Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards and the AEC, expressing confidence in, and...

...operating procedures and operational plans which could affect reactor safety; it should also include training and qualification of personnel who operate or maintain naval nuclear propulsion plants." 4. Excerpt from letter from Chairman,...

...encountered in re- actor plant maintenance will increase as more reactor operating hours are accumulated. These factors indicate that although radiation doses received by naval personnel to date have been low, they may increase, and a...

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