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1Title:  Shippingport station decommissioning project: Overview and justification Add
 Summary:  This 1984 report, written by Frank E. Coffman of the Department of Energy, is a support justification for the decommissioning of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station, the first nuclear power plant that produced significant amounts of energy for civilian use. The report's short history mentions the ongoing relationship between the Naval Reactors organization and the Shippingport plant ("operated by Duquesne Light Company under supervision of the DOE Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Naval Reactors"). The document describes several decommissioning options and the financial benefits of dismantling the plant in a short timeframe. Just as the Shippingport plant served as a model for the design, construction, and operation of commercial nuclear power plants, Coffman envisions Shippingport serving as a model for the decommissioning process, the first "full scale power reactor decommissioning demonstration project." The Shippingport plant dismantlement began in 1985. In December 1988, its reactor vessel was removed from the containment building and shipped to the Hanford Site for burial. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:   1984 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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2Title:  Atoms for peace and war: A history of the United States Atomic Energy Commission Add
 Chapter title:  "Nuclear power for the market place" 
 Summary:  The authors of this AEC official history, Richard Hewlett and Jack Holl, note the starting point: "in the case of nuclear power...the entire technology was confined within the federal government in 1953" (VII-1). This fact underscores the central leadership role that the AEC was required to take to launch a commercial nuclear power industry in the United States. They note that the success of the S1W (or Mark I) reactor, which began full-power operations in mid-1953, "convinced government officials and members of the Joint Committee [on Atomic Energy] that nuclear power was a reality" (VII-4). Rickover's success with the S1W led the AEC to assign the Naval Reactors organization with the responsibility of overseeing the design and construction of the first commercial power reactor, which became the Shippingport Atomic Power Station. Like the S1W and the Nautilus shipyard plant, the Shippingport reactor was a pressurized water reactor. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:   1989 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Rickover, Hyman G. | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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3Title:  Pressure vessel and piping codes applicable to the PWR reactor plant Add
 Summary:  This document provides information on standards compliance for the pressurized water reactor (PWR) installed in the Shippingport Atomic Power Station at the time of publication. The ASME standard, Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, sections I and VIII, are referenced in the compliance summary, which maps code compliance to specific areas and components of the reactor plant. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:   1957 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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4Title:  Technical progress report: Pressurized water reactor program (September 9 to October 20, 1955) Add
 Summary:  This 1955 report provides a technical update on Westinghouse's work with pressurized water reactor development in the context of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station project. At this time, Westinghouse was the leading designer and builder of naval nuclear propulsion plants, having constructed the Mark I (S1W prototype) and Mark II (Nautilus shipboard) reactors, and designed the S5W submarine fleet reactor. Additionally, Westinghouse was working under the direction of the Naval Reactors organization on the design and construction of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station plant, the first large-scale nuclear power plant that provided power for civilian use. The report describes Westinghouse.s progress (and work with other vendors) in the design and fabrication of reactor core and primary and secondary system components for the Shippingport plant. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:  circa 1955 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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5Title:  Technical progress report: Pressurized water reactor program (December 2, 1955 to January 12, 1956) Add
 Summary:  This 1955 report provides a technical update on Westinghouse's work with pressurized water reactor development in the context of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station project. In addition to Westinghouse's role in the design and construction of early naval nuclear propulsion plants such as the S1W and S2W (Nautilus prototype and shipboard plants) and the S5W reactor, Westinghouse was the primary contractor for design and construction of the civilian Shippingport Atomic Power Station plant. The report describes Westinghouse's progress (and work with other vendors) in the design and fabrication of reactor core and primary and secondary system components for the Shippingport plant. Section I-A-7 provides information, including photographs, on the installation of the "nuclear portion of the power plant" (11). 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:  circa 1956 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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6Title:  Technical progress report: Pressurized water reactor program (July 15 to August 26, 1954) Add
 Summary:  This report provides a technical update on Westinghouse's work with pressurized water reactor development in the context of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station project. Westinghouse was the lead contractor for the design and construction of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station's reactor plant, the first in the world to generate civilian power on a large scale. Owing in large part to the success of Hyman Rickover and the Naval Reactors program in directing the design and construction of the Mark I/S1W prototype plant, Naval Reactors served in an oversight role, again working with Westinghouse, for the creation of the Shippingport plant. The report describes progress as of August 1955 on the reactor control, reactor coolant, secondary, and auxiliary systems. It also describes the status of core design and fuel fabrication efforts. Section I-A-1 provides information on plant functional requirements. Section II describes developmental efforts for the Shippingport plant, such as fuel element research and testing. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:  circa 1954 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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7Title:  Technical progress report: Pressurized water reactor program (May 5 to June 16, 1955) Add
 Summary:  This report provides a technical update on Westinghouse's work with pressurized water reactor development in the context of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station project. It describes the continued progress on the reactor and power plant at Shippingport, the first nuclear power plant in the world dedicated to the production of power for civilian use. Westinghouse worked under the direction of Naval Reactors in the design and construction of the plant and was the lead vendor for early naval reactor plants such as the S1W/S2W (Nautilus prototype and shipboard plants); the A1W/A2W (Enterprise prototype and shipboard plants); and, the S5W submarine fleet reactor. For that reason, sections of the report such as the description of fuel element failure instrumentation (page 23), are interesting, in that the information is applicable to pressurized water reactors in general. The "PWR Plant Parameters" section near the beginning of the report provides specific temperature, pressure, and power specifications for the Shippingport plant. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:  circa 1955 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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8Title:  Nuclear analysis and performance of the Light Water Breeder Reator (LWBR) core power operations at Shippingport (LWBR Development Program) Add
 Summary:  This report, written by H.C. Hecker, analyzes the performance of the thorium oxide-uranium oxide Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) core that was used in the Shippingport Atomic Power Station from 1977 to 1982. During this period, the Shippingport plant generated 1.7 billion net kilowatt hours of energy to the Duquesne Light Energy utility. Heckert notes that the core's design Effective Full Power Hours output of 18,000 was exceeded in the first three years of operation (at 18,298 EFPH). At this point, limits on reactor power and primary plant pressure and temperature were adopted to extend core life. The unique LWBR design, in which reactivity was controlled through the use of movable fuel assemblies instead of hafnium control rods, is noted by the author. In 1982, "the end of reactivity lifetime at a maximum power level of 80% was reached at about 27,100 EFPH with the 12 movable seed assemblies at the maximum withdrawn position" (3). Hecker also describes the core's breeding efficiency: "Fuel depletion calculations which approximated the actual power operations indicate that more fissile fuel was produced in the core than was consumed. The calculated final fissile fuel content is 1.3 percent greater than the initial fissile fuel inventory" (4). Both the core materials and reactivity control systems were "designed to minimize parasitic neutron losses," thus supporting the breeding process (5). The report includes a description and diagrams of the LWBR's core design, which used the seed-blanket arrangement employed in the original Shippingport core. Historian Francis Duncan describes the time commitments that Admiral Hyman Rickover and the Naval Reactors organization made to the development of a civilian nuclear power industry in the United States, through its technical oversight of the design, construction, and operation of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station and later that of the Light Water Breeder Reactor core. The LWBR was installed in the existing Shippingport reactor pressure vessel and demonstrated breeding in a pressurized water reactor plant. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Reference:  Duncan, Francis. Rickover and the Nuclear Navy: The Discipline of Technology. Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute Press, 1990, pages 190-231. 
 Date:   1984 
 Subject(s):  Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) | Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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9Title:  Naval reactor program and Shippingport project Add
 Summary:  This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing record includes lengthy testimony by Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion, on a range of issues, including the Shippingport Atomic Power Station, the first nuclear power plant that supplied commercial power on a large scale. Rep. Melvin Price, chair of the Subcommittee on Research and Development, opens the hearing by praising Rickover and Naval Reactors: "The [Joint Committee] has been very favorably impressed by the excellent contributions the AEC has made to the civilian power program through the naval reactors program" (1). The hearing includes Rickover's update on naval nuclear propulsion. He describes some of the problems with the Seawolf's sodium-cooled reactor plant, and Naval Reactors' reactor development philosophy (with parallel development of thermal energy/pressurized water and intermediate range/sodium-cooled reactor plants). He also describes some of the other challenges faced by the program at its beginning, such as the need to support the development of a Zirconium industry to support naval nuclear propulsion. Regarding training generally and prototype training (which continues today) specifically, Rickover asserts that in the S1W prototype, "we have no better training facility in the Navy than we have there and it is absolutely essential for the future of nuclear power in the Navy that we train the people there, on a real plant, a live one, because we do not want any accidents to happen" [on nuclear-powered vessels in the fleet] (5). During the hearing, Admiral Rickover provides committee members with information on the PWR (Shippingport's pressurized water reactor plant). He notes that Naval Reactors' approach with the Shippingport plant is similar to that used with earlier submarine reactors and propulsion plants: "The Naval Reactors Branch approves the details of the design. We keep in constant touch with what the reactor designers, the machinery designers, the shipbuilders, and the construction contractors are doing" (26). Also, the document includes the testimony of John Simpson, the manager of the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, Westinghouse; he provides information on Bettis' support for both submarine plants and the Shippingport plant. In summary, the hearing describes how Naval Reactors supported the design and development of the civilian Shippingport plan and the common threads between Shippingport and the successful submarine reactor program. Clearly, a point of interest for committee members is the cost of design, development, and construction for the Shippingport plant, because of their interest in a successful commercial nuclear power industry in the United States. 
 Source:  http://collections.stanford.edu/atomicenergy/bin/search/advanced/process?clauseMapped%28catKey%29=3163463&sort=title 
 Date:   1957 
 Subject(s):  Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Rickover, Hyman G. | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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10Title:  Photographs: Written historical and descriptive data Add
 Summary:  This document provides a historical overview of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station, which achieved criticality on December 2, 1957. It describes Admiral Hyman Rickover's role in the plant's design and development. In approaching plant design, the report notes Rickover's "conservative design philosophy" and emphasis on reactor safety (7). The station's first reactor design was a pressurized water reactor (PWR), with Rickover, his Naval Reactors organization, and Westinghouse drawing upon the lessons in the design and development of the S1W (Nautilus prototype) plant, also a PWR. The basics of the PWR's seed-blanket core design are described in the document, as well as innovative aspects of the Shippingport plant that were widely adopted in the commercial nuclear power industry, including the use of "reactor containment, a structure which housed in a series of large, interconnected, vapor-tight vessels all parts of the plant containing the reactor and primary system" (3). Also, "the choice of uranium dioxide and zircaloy tubing was crucial in the history of civilian power reactors. The materials proved so successful that they were widely adopted in the civilian power industry" (10). The document also describes the Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) core that was first used in operation in 1977: "Shippingport began operating on a thorium-uranium 233 core to demonstrate the feasibility of breeding in a water-cooled reactor; that is, producing more reactor fuel than was consumed" (3). The document concludes with a bibliographic essay that provides information on the Shippingport plant, including its construction, operation, and decommissioning. 
 Source:  http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pnp/habshaer/pa/pa1600/pa1658/data/pa1658data.pdf 
 Date:   unknown  
 Subject(s):  Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) | Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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