Naval Reactors History Database (nrhdb)
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1Title:  The proposed Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) and its potential impact on U.S. Navy nuclear propulsion programs Add
 Summary:  This Naval Postgraduate School thesis, written by Marion Burgess, Jr., examines the possible impact of the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty (FMCT) upon the Navy's nuclear propulsion program. Burgess notes that the United States' naval nuclear reactors use enriched uranium, material that falls under the limits defined in FMCT. For a host of reasons, including verification impracticalities, the author asserts that "the United States government should not, and probably will not, endorse an FMCT that would affect the production of fissile materials for naval nuclear propulsion" (56). 
 Source:  http://www.worldcat.org/title/proposed-fissile-material-cutoff-treaty-fmct-and-its-potential-impact-on-us-navy-nuclear-propulsion-programs/oclc/610056176 
 Date:   2010 
 Subject(s):  Highly enriched uranium (HEU) | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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2Title:  Report on use of low enriched uranium in naval nuclear propulsion Add
 Summary:  This report was created by the Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion and submitted to Congress consistent with the requirements of Public Law 103-337. The Executive Summary notes that a lengthy and expensive development period would be required to employ an LEU (low enriched uranium) naval nuclear reactor. Significant cost add-ons, relative to the current use of highly enriched uranium (HEU), are described in the report. 
 Source:  http://pogoarchives.org/m/nss/doe-cong-rpt-heu-naval-fuel-19950600.pdf 
 Date:   1995 
 Subject(s):  Highly enriched uranium (HEU) | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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3Title:  Highly enriched uranium: Striking a balance Add
 Summary:  This Department of Energy study was designed to "present a complete picture of the production, acquisition, and utilization of highly enriched uranium (HEU)" (1). The opening summary includes a definition of HEU: "Uranium that has been enriched to uranium-235 isotopic content of 20 percent or more" (1). The Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program employs HEU in its reactor plants, including shipboard reactors and the training prototypes. Appendix F describes the factors that led to HEU's use in naval reactor plants, including the need for compact reactors and increased power output over time, along with the need for infrequent refueling or cores that last the lifetime of ship. A significant portion of the nation's HEU inventory (100 metric tons) is dedicated to the naval program's use. Additionally, the report notes that the reactor plant at the Shippingport Atomic Power Station (which had been decommissioned by the time of the report's publication) used HEU; the Naval Reactors organization led the design and construction of the Shippingport plant, which was "the first large-scale nuclear power electrical generating plant in the United States" (120). 
 Source:  http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/heu/index.html 
 Date:   2001 
 Subject(s):  Highly enriched uranium (HEU) | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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4Title:  Report on low enriched uranium for naval reactor cores Add
 Summary:  This report examines the potential use of LEU (low-enriched uranium, defined as 20% or lower, U-235 isotope) compared with the HEU (highly-enriched uranium, 93% or higher, U-235 isotope) that's currently used in United States naval nuclear reactors. This study is a successor to a 1995 report written by Naval Reactors. The Background section provides a good summary of program history, including its emphasis on conservative engineering design. Most importantly, "pressurized water reactor, with HEU fuel in high integrity fuel elements has proven to be the optimum design to meet the essential functional requirements for nuclear propulsion for warships, as well as to provide very long core lifetimes for maximum affordability and ship readiness" (3). Because of the specialized engineering and science resources that are fully committed to current Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program support, the report argues that both additional funding and research ahead of shipboard application are essential for LEU to be a more competitive naval nuclear propulsion option. 
 Source:  http://fissilematerials.org/library/doe14.pdf 
 Date:   2014 
 Subject(s):  Highly enriched uranium (HEU) | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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