Naval Reactors History Database (nrhdb)
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1Title:  Project Prometheus Reactor Module final report Add
 Summary:  This report describes the work of the Naval Reactors program's contractor laboratories - the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory and the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory - in NASA's Project Prometheus. Naval Reactors worked as NASA's partner in the design of a civilian space reactor for a 15-20 year mission. The first identified mission was the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO). Five reactor designs were evaluated by Naval Reactors, with the direct gas Brayton plant deemed the most promising design. NR investigated a number of issues, including plant design, instrumentation and control, and core and plant materials. In performing this research, Naval Reactors determined that the existing state of reactor technology did not support the creation of a plant that would enable mission goals to be met. The Prometheus project was ended in 2005. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge/purl.cover.jsp?purl=/884680-LsvaFN/ 
 Date:   2006 
 Subject(s):  Project Prometheus | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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2Title:  Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional budget request: National Nuclear Security Administration Add
 Summary:  The Naval Reactors budget request, part of the National Nuclear Security Agency request, for fiscal year 2007. The request notes Naval Reactors' cradle-to-grave role in naval nuclear propulsion and the fact that the nuclear navy of submarines and aircraft carriers constituted 40 percent of the Navy's combatant vessels in 2006. Development areas described in the request include the high-energy reactor for CVN 21 (the A1B reactor) and the Transformational Technology Core (TTC) for future Virginia-class attack submarines. The TTC is designed to increase core energy density without an increase in plant size or weight. The request also provides information on the work of NR divisions (Plant Technology, Reactor Technology and Analysis, Materials Development and Verification, Evaluation and Servicing) in 2006, including their recent accomplishments and goals. 
 Source:  http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy06/pdf/budget/energy.pdf 
 Date:   2006 
 Subject(s):  Budgetary information | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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3Title:  Documentation of Naval Reactors papers and presentations for the Space Technology and Applications International Forum (STAIF) 2006 Add
 Summary:  This document contains information on the presentations and papers (24 in all) prepared by the Knolls and Bettis Atomic Power laboratories for the Space Technology and Applications International Forum (STAIF) 2006 conference. These presentations describe the work of Naval Reactors and its contractor laboratories, Bettis and Knolls, for NASA's Project Prometheus, which was created to investigate the possible use of nuclear-powered systems for long duration space missions. At the time of the project, Naval Reactors was designated by the Department of Energy as the lead agency for the development of civilian space reactor systems. NR engaged the two contractor laboratories to investigate issues related to deep space reactors. The presentations cover topics such as reactor design, reactor instrumentation, and plant materials. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge 
 Date:   2006 
 Subject(s):  Project Prometheus | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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4Title:  The NR-1 research vessel Add
 Summary:  The NR-1 nuclear submarine at Port Canaveral, Florida. NR-1 was a small, deep-diving submarine that was designed to operate on the ocean floor.The submarine's low-power reactor was designed by General Electric and could be operated by a single crewman. 
 Source:  http://www.navsource.org/archives/08/08547.htm 
 Reference:  Vyborny, Lee, and Don Davis. Dark Waters: An Insider's Account of the NR-1, the Cold War's Undercover Nuclear Sub. New York: New American Library, 2003, pages 53-54. 
 Date:  01 February 2006 
 Subject(s):  NR-1 | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Image 
 Format:  JPEG 
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5Title:  Navy ship propulsion technologies: Options for reducing oil use - Background for Congress Add
 Summary:  This Congressional Research Service study, written by Ronald O'Rourke, describes a range of strategies for reducing the consumption of oil on naval vessels, including the expansion of nuclear propulsion in the surface fleet. O'Rourke analyzes the past use of nuclear propulsion for CGNs, all of which had been decommissioned by the time he wrote this report. The nuclear-powered, guided missile cruiser analysis is relevant to the then-planned CG(X)-class of cruisers. The CG(X) program was cancelled in 2010. 
 Source:  http://opencrs.com/document/RL33360/2006-07-26/ 
 Date:  11 December 2006 
 Subject(s):  CG(X) | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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6Title:  Naval Reactors Prime Contractor Team (NRPCT) Experiences and considerations with irradiation test performance in an international environment Add
 Summary:  This document describes the NRPCT's efforts to identify reactors worldwide for irradiation testing of materials expected to be included in a Prometheus reactor. The Experimental Fast Reactor JOYO in O-arai, Japan was identified as the best facility to support irradiation testing for the project (which was created to support space reactor development for solar exploration; the project ended in 2005). JOYO is a sodium-cooled Liquid Metal Reactor (LMR). Detailed planning information for reactor materials irradiation testing is included in the report. 
 Source:  http://www.osti.gov/bridge/purl.cover.jsp?purl=/883694-B0koQW/ 
 Date:  15 February 2006 
 Subject(s):  Project Prometheus | Nuclear engineering | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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7Title:  Propulsion systems for Navy ships and submarines Add
 Summary:  This letter includes a July 2006 General Accounting Office review of naval propulsion systems. It includes details on some of the technical advances in nuclear propulsion, including "eliminat[ing] the need for refueling newer submarines, such as the Virginia class submarines" and significantly-reduced operator manpower requirements (2). It also describes technical advances in conventional propulsion systems. The letter summarizes the findings and limitations of the "quick look" report created by Naval Reactors in 2005, which attempted to fix the "fiscal break-even point" for the application of nuclear propulsion (2). Appended to the letter are some PowerPoint slides from a March 2005 GAO briefing to members of Congress on naval propulsion systems. 
 Source:  http://www.fdsys.gov/ 
 Date:  06 July 2006 
 Subject(s):  Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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