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1Title:  Draft environmental assessment on the disposal of naval reactors plants from USS Enterprise (CVN-65) Add
 Summary:  This document provides information on the preferred disposal plan for the eight defueled reactor plants in the USS Enterprise, the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. It lays out the timeline for Enterprise's deactivation; it "is expected to enter dry dock at Newport News Shipbuilding in Virginia for inactivation in 2013. Defueling will be conducted at Newport News Shipbuilding. Inactivation is expected to be complete in about 2017 or 2018" (1-1). At that point, Enterprise will be towed to the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility (PSNS & IMF) for removal of the already-defueled reactor compartments. The compartments will be packaged and shipped to the Department of Energy's Hanford Site. The actual shipment of the packages to Hanford is estimated to occur between 2023 and 2027. The assessment includes information on the estimated exposure required for the preparation and packaging of the compartments (about 300 rem of collective radiation exposure") (2-2). Page 2-6 includes a diagram that shows the locations of the eight reactor compartments on board the Enterprise, which are paired in four propulsion plants. The assessment describes the methodology for transporting the packages to Hanford and describes transport challenges and accident scenarios. The document also describes an interim "no-action alternative" to the preferred plan: placing the Enterprise in waterborne storage at the PSNS & IMF facility. This alternative has the disadvantage of "only delay[ing] ultimate permanent disposal" (2-17). 
 Date:   2011 
 Subject(s):  A2W | USS Enterprise (CVN-65) | Hanford Site | Ship-Submarine Recycling Program (SRP) | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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2Title:  Tour of "USS Enterprise" and report on Joint AEC Naval Reactor Program Add
 Summary:  This document is based on a hearing that members of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy conducted on board the USS Enterprise in the spring of 1962. The hearing touched on a number of issues, involving both capabilities and costs, which factored into the adoption of nuclear propulsion for aircraft carriers. The first commanding officer of the Enterprise, Vincent P. de Poix, summarized the benefits of nuclear propulsion for carriers, including the ability to rapidly position the ship for air operations, the ability to sail to a trouble spot because of the carrier's support for sustained high-speed propulsion, and the absence of stack gases in the flight deck area, which minimizes aircraft corrosion in comparison with operations on an oil-fired carrier. The qualitative advantages that de Poix summarized, however, were weighed against quantitative advantages emphasized by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, who recommended in 1963 that the next carrier to be built (CV-67) be conventionally-powered. The hearing also provides a nice summary of the naval nuclear propulsion training program, including the role of the Idaho National Laboratory's A1W prototype. Both the Enterprise's Reactor Officer, D.P. Brooks, and the ship's Engineering Officer, R.S. Smith, testify at the hearing and describe training approaches and the organization of the Enterprise's nuclear-trained officers and operators on the ship. The hearing document also includes "A treatise on nuclear propulsion in surface ships." This study was commissioned by Admiral Arleigh Burke, Chief of Naval Operations, in late 1960 and was completed in early 1961. It detailed both the favorable and limiting aspects regarding the adoption of nuclear propulsion in surface ships. A cost factor of 1.5 was included in the study. As summarized by historian Francis Duncan, this finding suggested that "the navy could buy ten nuclear-powered ships or fifteen oil-fired ships of the same type for the same total sum." Admiral Hyman Rickover (Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion) also testified at this hearing and addressed both this cost factor and the capabilities provided by nuclear propulsion. Finally, pages 54 through 56 of the hearing document include Rickover's summary of Shippingport Atomic Power Station reactor attributes and the potential benefits that the work at Shippingport could have for the nation's commercial nuclear power industry. 
 Reference:  Duncan, Francis. Rickover and the Nuclear Navy: The Discipline of Technology. Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute Press, 1990, pages 111-114. 
 Date:  31 March 1962 
 Subject(s):  A1W | A2W | USS Enterprise (CVN-65) | Shippingport Atomic Power Station | Rickover, Hyman G. | Naval Reactors 
 Type:  Text 
 Format:  PDF 
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