http://www.rssboard.org/rss-specification 720 Naval Reactors History Database (expand=subject;f1-subject=Rickover, Hyman G.) http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/search?expand%3Dsubject;f1-subject%3DRickover,%20Hyman%20G. Results for your query: expand=subject;f1-subject=Rickover, Hyman G. Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Admiral Rickover just outside of the S1W hull entrance. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/png/003/003.html Admiral Hyman Rickover (at center of group) at a hull entrance for the Mark I, or S1W, reactor plant. The S1W (the Nautilus prototype) achieved initial criticality on 30 March 1953; two months later, reactor power was used to drive the prototype's shaft. Rickover then ordered a continuous 100 hour run of the S1W propulsion plant that demonstrated beyond question the revolutionary impact that nuclear propulsion would have upon submarines. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/png/003/003.html Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Atomic shield: A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. United States Atomic Energy Commission. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/030/030.pdf This chapter, from an official history of the AEC, provides a detailed account of the creation of the Naval Reactors program in the context of other activities of the Atomic Energy Commission. Authors Richard Hewlett and Francis Duncan (who later cowrote the first official history of the Naval Reactors program) describe the push by Chief of the Bureau of Ships Admiral Earle Mills and Captain Hyman Rickover to create a joint Navy-Atomic Energy Commission program that would, working with private industry, lead the development of a nuclear submarine. One of the strengths of this study is that it shows how the Navy's demands were balanced by the AEC, given the Commission's other responsibilities and the competing demands that it was placing upon vendors like General Electric. The authors describe a series of events in 1948-1949, during which Westinghouse agreed to support the design of the Mark I (S1W) pressurized water reactor plant and General Electric was becoming more deeply engaged with naval nuclear prop... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/030/030.pdf Wed, 01 Jan 1969 12:00:00 GMT Atoms for peace and war: A history of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. United States Atomic Energy Commission. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/031/031.pdf The authors of this AEC official history, Richard Hewlett and Jack Holl, note the starting point: "in the case of nuclear power...the entire technology was confined within the federal government in 1953" (VII-1). This fact underscores the central leadership role that the AEC was required to take to launch a commercial nuclear power industry in the United States. They note that the success of the S1W (or Mark I) reactor, which began full-power operations in mid-1953, "convinced government officials and members of the Joint Committee [on Atomic Energy] that nuclear power was a reality" (VII-4). Rickover's success with the S1W led the AEC to assign the Naval Reactors organization with the responsibility of overseeing the design and construction of the first commercial power reactor, which became the Shippingport Atomic Power Station. Like the S1W and the Nautilus shipyard plant, the Shippingport reactor was a pressurized water reactor. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/031/031.pdf Sun, 01 Jan 1989 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Progam. Joint Commitee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/089/089.pdf This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing document includes lengthy testimony by Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion. It covers a wide range of issues related to the United States Navy's use of nuclear propulsion. As noted in the forward, "the Joint Committee has long recognized the significant military advantages nuclear power provides surface warships" (iii). The hearing is a response to the Department of Defense's (DOD's) proposal to construct two conventionally-powered destroyers after Congress authorized a nuclear-powered frigate in fiscal year 1966. In his testimony, Rickover describes this decision as parallel to earlier "failure[s] of imagination and judgment" regarding the use of nuclear propulsion for submarines and aircraft carriers (11). Based upon this hearing, "the Joint Committee recommend[ed] that the Congress change the fiscal year 1967 Department of Defense authorization to require the two new destroyers to be nuclear-powered ships" (vii). The hearing include... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/089/089.pdf Sat, 01 Jan 1966 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1967-8. Joint Commitee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/095/095.pdf This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing document includes the unclassified testimony of Vice Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion. He testified on two dates, March 7, 1967 and February 8, 1968. The Forward describes the Joint Committee's ongoing advocacy for surface nuclear propulsion, specifically for an increase in the number of guided missile cruisers to serve as escorts for nuclear-powered carriers. (The second nuclear-powered carrier, the USS Nimitz, had been authorized by this date.) Regarding submarines, the Forward notes Department of Defense cuts to nuclear submarine construction and the parallel with earlier Joint Committee leadership on nuclear propulsion: "Because of the inability of the Department of Defense to recognize the importance of nuclear submarines, the Joint Committee had to arrange for the Atomic Energy Commission to buy the propulsion plants for the first two nuclear submarines, Nautilus and Seawolf, in addition to funding the development work and the ... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/095/095.pdf Mon, 01 Jan 1968 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1969. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/091/091.pdf This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing was held to obtain supplemental data for the fiscal year 1970 Atomic Energy Commission request for the naval reactors development program. The document includes information on several issues of controversy between the Joint Committee and the Executive Branch, including the ongoing construction of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, the development of a high speed fast attack submarine (Los Angeles-class), and Admiral Rickover's continuation as the head of the Naval Reactors program. It includes a lengthy (101 pages) record of Admiral Rickover's testimony to the Joint Committee. Rickover's testimony focuses on the danger on the Soviet Union's submarine buildup and the need to build the high speed, fast attack submarine; this construction program was a point of contention between the Joint Committee and both the Johnson and Nixon administrations. The Joint Committee's position in the document: "Because of the urgency of delivering these new ships to the fleet... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/091/091.pdf Wed, 01 Jan 1969 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1970. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/096/096.pdf The unclassified portion of Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearings relating to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program. The document describes the growth in the Soviet submarine force, including ballistic missile submarines. A key recommendation concerns the construction of a new class of fast attack submarines, the Los Angeles class: "Because of the urgency of delivering the new high-speed SSN 688 class attack submarines to the fleet, the Joint Committee strongly recommends that the fiscal year 1971 nuclear warship construction program include as a minimum the funds necessary to award contracts for four of these submarines and advance funding for three more" (vii). Additionally, David Leighton of Naval Reactors describes the limits on construction activities because the Department of Defense had not placed "the highest industrial priority" on the high-speed submarine project (30). One noted engineering advance is core life extension: "Cores are being produced which will provide for over 10 years of nor... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/096/096.pdf Thu, 01 Jan 1970 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1971. Joint Commitee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/093/093.pdf This document includes the unclassified testimony of Vice Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion, before the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. Rickover's testimony touches on a wide range of topics, particularly the need to expand the nuclear navy in light the growth of the Soviet fleet. Rickover emphasizes "the rapidly expanding Soviet naval threat and the rapidly declining naval strength of the United States relative to the threat" and the Soviet's quantitative and qualitative advances in submarine development (iii). As one step to address these advances, the Joint Committee advocates "a strong construction program of high speed SSN-688 (Los Angeles-class) class ships" (viii). Rickover asserts that "because of their improved propulsion plant, [Los Angeles-class] submarines will have greatly increased capabilities compared to our previous attack submarine designs" (14). The Joint Committee's primary criticism of the Nixon administration and the Department of Defense is in the area o... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/093/093.pdf Fri, 01 Jan 1971 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1972-73. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/098/098.pdf This document is the unclassified record of Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearings held on February 8, 1972 and March 28, 1973. During the 1972 hearing, Vice Admiral Hyman Rickover describes the current size of the United States' nuclear-powered submarine fleet: "We have a total today of 118 atomic submarines authorized of which 97 are presently operational. Among those that are operational, 41 are fleet ballistic missile submarines, 56 are attack submarines. We have a total of 21 more nuclear attack submarines under construction" (3). Both members of the Joint Committee and Rickover express concern over the quantitative advances in the Soviet Union's submarine fleet. This hearing includes a lengthy discussion on personnel selection and retention issues for the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program. Rickover also advocates for committee support for the funding the fourth nuclear-powered carrier and for the construction of nuclear-powered carrier escorts. In the 1973 hearing, Rickover again expresses his... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/098/098.pdf Tue, 01 Jan 1974 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1974. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/092/092.pdf This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing document includes extensive testimony by Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion. Rickover opens by praising several committee members who chose not to stand for reelection in 1974. He reviews the names of committee members who have either died or left Congress - indeed, the Joint Committee was abolished within three years and the changes in Congress made Rickover's 1982 retirement much easier to accomplish. During the hearing, Rickover describes the efforts of Naval Reactors and industry to develop longer life cores for nuclear submarines and surface ships (10 to 13 years at the time of the hearing), including the path to cores that will last the life of the ship and cost issues. These included the higher research costs and the eventual savings obtained through reduced overhaul intervals and increased ship availability. Rickover also describes procurement for SSN-688 (Los Angeles-class) fast attack submarines. (The USS Los Angeles was l... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/092/092.pdf Wed, 01 Jan 1975 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1975. Joint Commitee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/099/099.pdf This document is the unclassified version of Admiral Hyman Rickover's March 5, 1975 testimony to the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. This hearing occurred during a time of transition, as the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) had replaced the Atomic Energy Commission and was now the civilian parent of Rickover's Naval Reactors organization. Rickover reports to the committee on the recent, successful sea trials of the USS Nimitz, the second nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. He also reports on the operation and construction of SSN-688 (Los Angeles) class high-speed fast attack submarines. This hearing record provides a great deal of information on the Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR). Rickover describes its basic design: "We are now working on a breeder core to go into the existing Shippingport plant as a backfit. This breeder core will use light water instead of sodium as coolant." Continuing: "This breeder core will use the thorium/uranium-233 fuel cycle" (21). The LWBR enabled... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/099/099.pdf Wed, 01 Jan 1975 12:00:00 GMT Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program--1976. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. Subcommitee on Legislation. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/100/100.pdf This document is the unclassified record of hearings on the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program held in March 1976. Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Division of Naval Reactors, testified on the Naval Reactors Program and the Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR). After summarizing the program's growth (106 submarines in operation, with an additional 32 Los Angeles-class and Trident submarines authorized; and, two nuclear-powered aircraft carriers in operation), Rickover describes the rapid growth of the Soviet submarine fleet and the United States' responses of the high-speed, fast attack (SSN-688) class and the Trident ballistic missile submarine to replace Polaris and Poseidon ballistic missile submarines. Some committee members, led by Stuart Symington, express concerns about the high cost of the Trident submarine program. In a statement, Rickover notes the advances provided by Trident in terms of ballistic missile range (permitting submarines to be based closer to the United States) and noise reduction, te... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/100/100.pdf Thu, 01 Jan 1976 12:00:00 GMT Naval reactor program and Polaris missile system. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/088/088.pdf This document is the public record of a Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing on the Polaris missile submarine program. The hearing was conducted on board the USS George Washington, the first ballistic missile submarine, which was powered by the already-proven S5W reactor. The record describes the integration of nuclear propulsion technology, proven in earlier submarines such as the Nautilus, and ballistic missile technology, under the oversight of Admiral William F. Raborn. Its introduction describes the Joint Committee's focus on reactor safety, mentioning the 1961 SL-1 accident at the Idaho National Laboratory and the importance of the design, construction, and operation standards created by Naval Reactors: "The committee also looks to the Navy to meet the Atomic Energy Commission's safety standards in all aspects of its nuclear propulsion program and to resist any pressures to force this new technology into an old system which may have sufficed for ordinary propulsion" (VI). In his testimony, Ad... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/088/088.pdf Sat, 09 Apr 1960 12:00:00 GMT Naval reactor program and Shippingport project. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/094/094.pdf This Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearing record includes lengthy testimony by Admiral Hyman Rickover, Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion, on a range of issues, including the Shippingport Atomic Power Station, the first nuclear power plant that supplied commercial power on a large scale. Rep. Melvin Price, chair of the Subcommittee on Research and Development, opens the hearing by praising Rickover and Naval Reactors: "The [Joint Committee] has been very favorably impressed by the excellent contributions the AEC has made to the civilian power program through the naval reactors program" (1). The hearing includes Rickover's update on naval nuclear propulsion. He describes some of the problems with the Seawolf's sodium-cooled reactor plant, and Naval Reactors' reactor development philosophy (with parallel development of thermal energy/pressurized water and intermediate range/sodium-cooled reactor plants). He also describes some of the other challenges faced by the program at its beginning, such as the ... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/094/094.pdf Tue, 01 Jan 1957 12:00:00 GMT Nuclear navy, 1946-1962. Richard G. Hewlett, Francis Duncan http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/112/112.pdf The foundational history of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program, covering the period of the program's creation, under the leadership of Hyman G. Rickover, to 1962, by which time the United States Navy's fleet included nuclear-powered attack submarines, ballistic missile submarines, and surface ships. The program's leadership in support of the Shippingport Atomic Power Station is also chronicled. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/112/112.pdf Tue, 01 Jan 1974 12:00:00 GMT Review of naval reactor program and Admiral Rickover award. Joint Commitee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/097/097.pdf This document is the unclassified record of two Joint Committee on Atomic Energy hearings from April 1959. At the second hearing, Vice Admiral Hyman Rickover, who led the Naval Reactors program, was presented with a congressional gold medal in recognition of his efforts, which included the successful application of nuclear power to submarines and Naval Reactors support for the first nuclear power plant designed for civilian purposes. A significant portion of the hearing addresses reactor safety and radiological controls issues. The joint Atomic Energy Commission and Navy responsibilities in the Naval Reactors program is nicely described by Rickover during a discussion on reactor safety: "Before the Nautilus reactor was started we drew up an agreement between the AEC and the Department of Defense which recognized that each agency had a responsibility where the safeguards aspect of naval reactors was concerned....This agreement, and the memorandums of understanding between the AEC and the Navy which follow... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/097/097.pdf Thu, 01 Jan 1959 12:00:00 GMT Rickover and the nuclear navy: The discipline of technology. Francis Duncan http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/111/111.pdf An official history of the Naval Reactors program written by the late Francis Duncan. Duncan was co-author of Nuclear Navy, 1946-1962, the foundational history of the program. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/111/111.pdf Mon, 01 Jan 1990 12:00:00 GMT Statement of Admiral H.G. Rickover, USN before the Subcommittee on Energy Research and Production of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives. http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/081/081.pdf In the aftermath of the March 1979 reactor accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant, Admiral Hyman Rickover, director of the Navy's nuclear propulsion program, was invited to submit information on the Naval Reactors program to a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee investigating the accident. At the time, Rickover's program was responsible for the operation of 153 reactors, including shipboard and prototype plants and the reactor at the commercial Shippingport Atomic Power Station. His statement describes, in depth, the values and training process in the Naval Reactors program. Rickover notes that "reactor safety requires adherence to a total concept wherein all elements are recognized as important and each is constantly reinforced" (7). For example, plant design and operator training are integrally related to one another, and this is reflected in the program's approach to both areas. On pages 14-16, Rickover describes his philosophy of conservatism in terms of plant design. Most nota... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/081/081.pdf Thu, 24 May 1979 12:00:00 GMT Tour of "USS Enterprise" and report on Joint AEC Naval Reactor Program. Joint Commitee on Atomic Energy http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/090/090.pdf This document is based on a hearing that members of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy conducted on board the USS Enterprise in the spring of 1962. The hearing touched on a number of issues, involving both capabilities and costs, which factored into the adoption of nuclear propulsion for aircraft carriers. The first commanding officer of the Enterprise, Vincent P. de Poix, summarized the benefits of nuclear propulsion for carriers, including the ability to rapidly position the ship for air operations, the ability to sail to a trouble spot because of the carrier's support for sustained high-speed propulsion, and the absence of stack gases in the flight deck area, which minimizes aircraft corrosion in comparison with operations on an oil-fired carrier. The qualitative advantages that de Poix summarized, however, were weighed against quantitative advantages emphasized by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, who recommended in 1963 that the next carrier to be built (CV-67) be conventionally-powered. The he... http://navalreactorshistorydb.info:8080/xtf/data/pdf/090/090.pdf Sat, 31 Mar 1962 12:00:00 GMT